The global annual mean Earth's energy budget for the March 2000 - May 2004 period (W m-2). The broad arrows indicate the schematic flow of energy in proportion to their importance. - From Trenberth et al., 2009.
CERES-period-mean best-estimate FMI TOA fluxes (PW) globally and for the (right) global land and (left) global ocean regions. - From Fasullo and Trenberth, 2008a.
Estimated rates of change of global energy. - From Fasullo and Trenberth, 2010.
The ERBE period zonal mean annual cycle of the meridional energy transport in PW by (a) the atmosphere and ocean from ERBE products (b) the atmosphere based on NRA; and (c) by the ocean as implied by ERBE + NRA and GODAS. Stippling and hatching in (a)–(c) represent regions and times of year in which the standard deviation of the monthly mean values among estimates, some of which include the CERES period (see text), exceeds 0.5 and 1.0 PW, respectively. (d) The median annual mean transport by latitude for the total (gray), atmosphere (red), and ocean (blue) accompanied with the associated 2 range (shaded). - From Fasullo and Trenberth, 2008b.
For information on how budget products are calculated, see: Budget Calculations
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