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An Introduction to Atmospheric and Oceanographic Data


1. Introduction

Houghton, D. D., 1985: Handbook of Applied Meteorology. John Wiley and Sons. 1461pp.

Link, A., 1988: Gbytes and Sbytes. NCAR/SCD, Boulder, CO. (available upon request from NCAR's Scientific Computing Division)

Jenne, R. L., and D. H. Joseph, 1974: Techniques for processing, storage, and exchange of data. NCAR-TN/IA-93, 46pp.

World Meteorological Organization, 1992: International Meteorological Vocabulary.
WMO/OMM/BMO-No. 182, 784pp.

Trenberth, K. E., et al., 1991: Observations. Report by Working Group I: DOE Workshop, 8-12  May 1989, Amherst, Mass. In Greenhouse-Gas-Induced Climate Change: A Critical Appraisal of Simulations and Observations, Elsevier, M.  Schlesinger, Ed., 615  pp., 571-582.

-----, (Editor), 1992: Climate System Modeling. Cambridge University Press, 788pp.


Brown, S. A., M. Folk, G. Groucher, and R. Rew, 1993: Software for portable scientific data management. Comp. in Physics, 7, 304-308.

Jenne, R. L., 1994: Readings  about  data  formats. Unpublished manuscript
(available upon request from NCAR's Data Support Section)


Diaz, H. F., R. S. Bradley, and J. K. Eischeid, 1989: Precipitation fluctuations over global land areas since the late 1800s. J. Geophys. Res., 94, 1195-1210.

Djuri Dus 1994: Weather Analysis. Prentice-Hall, Inc., 304pp.

Easterling, D.R., and T.C. Peterson, 1995: A new method for detecting undocumented discontinuities in climatological time series. Intl. J. Climatol., 15, 369-377.

-----, -----, and T.R. Karl, 1996: On the development and use of Homogenized datasets. J. Climate, 9, 1429-1434.

-----, J.L. Evans. P. Ya. Groisman, T.R. Karl. K.E. Kunkel, and P. Ambenje, 2000: Observed variability and trends in extreme climate events. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 81: 417-425.

Elliot, W. P., and D. J. Gaffen, 1991: On the utility of radiosonde archives for climate studies. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 72 1507-1520.

-----, and -----, 1993: Effects of conversion algorithms on reported upper-air dewpoint depressions. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 74, 1323-1325.

Eskridge, R.E., O.A. Alduchov, I.V. Chernykh, P. Zhai, A.C. Polansky, S.R. Doty, 1995: A comprehensive aerological reference data set (CARDS): rough and systematic errors. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 76, 1759-1775.

Gaffen, D. F., 1993: Historical changes in radiosonde instruments and practices (WMO/TD-541), Instrum. and Observ. Methods Rep. 50, World Meteorological Organization, 123pp.

-----, 1994: Temporal inhomogeneities in radiosonde temperature records. J. Geophys. Res., 99, 3667-3676.

-----, 1996: A digitized metadata set of global upper-air station histories. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL ARL-211, 38pp. Garand, L., C. Grassotti, J. Hall and G. L. Klein, 1992: On differences in radiosonde humidity-reporting practices and their implications for numericalweather prediction and remote sensing. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 73, 1417-1423.

Groisman, P. Y., V. V. Koknaeva, T. A. Belokrylova, and T. R. Karl, 1991a: Overcoming biases of precipitation measurement: A history of the USSR experience. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 72, 1725-1733.

-----, 1991b: Unbiased estimates of precipitation change in the Northern Hemisphere extratropics. Proc. 5th Amer. Met. Soc. Conf. on Climate Variations. Denver, CO., pp 14-18.

Guttman, N.B., and C.B. Baker, 1996: Exploratory analysis of the difference between of the difference between temperature observations recorded by ASOS and conventional methods. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 77: 2865--2873.

Jones, P. D., 1988: Hemispheric surface air temperature variations: recent trends and an update to 1987. J. Climate, 1, 654-660.

-----, P. Ya. Groisman, M. Coughlan, N. Plummer, W-C. Wang, and T.R. Karl, 1990: Assessement of urbanization effects in time series of surface air temperature over land. Nature 347, 169-172.

-----, and K. R. Briffa, 1992: Global surface air temperature variations during the twentieth century. Holocene, 2, 165-179.

Karl, T. R., and C. N. Williams, Jr., 1987: An approach to adjusting climatological time series for discontinuous inhomogeneities. J. Climate Appl. Meteor., 26, 1744-1763.

-----, and R. G. Quayle, 1988: Climate change in fact and theory: Are we collecting the facts? Clim. Change, 13, 5-17.

-----, H. F. Diaz, and G. Kukla, 1988: Urbanization: Its detection and effect in the United States climate record. J. Climate, 1. 1099-1123.

-----, D. Tarpley, R. G. Quayle, H. F. Diaz, D. A. Robinson, and R. S. Bradley, 1989: The recent climate record: What it can and cannot tell us. Rev. Geophys., 27, 405-43.

-----, P. D. Jones, R. W. Knight, G. Kukla, N. Plummer, V. Razuvayev, K. P. Gallo, J. Lindseay, R. J. Charlson, and T. C. Peterson, 1993: A new perspective on global warming: asymmetric trends of daily maximum and minimum temperature. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 74, 1007-1023.

-----, R. G. Quayle, and P. Y. Groisman, 1993: Detecting Climate variations and changes: New challenges for observing and data management systems. J. Climate, 6, 1481-1494.

-----, and D.R. Easterling, 1999: Climate extremes: Selected review and future research directions. Climate Change 43: 309--325.

Legates, D. R., and C. J. Willmott, 1990: Mean seasonal and spatial variability in guage corrected, global precipitation. Int. J. Climatol., 10, 111-127.

Luers, J.K., and R.E. Eskridge, 1998: Use of Radiosonde Temperature Data in Climate Studies. J. Climate, 11, 1002-1019.

Madden, R.A., and R.H. Jones, 2001: A quantitative estimate of the effect of aliasing in climatological time series. J. Climate, 3987-3993.

May, W., D. J. Shea, and R. A. Madden, 1992: The annual variation of surface temperatures over the world. Technical Note NCAR/TN-372+STR, NCAR, Boulder, CO, 133 pp. and 17 microfische.

NOAA, 1992: Strategic Plan for Upper Air Observations, 18pp.

Parker, D. E., and C. K. Folland, 1994: Global data required for monitoring climate change. Hadley Centre: Climate Res. Tech. Note, 46, 57pp.

-----, and D. I. Cox, 1995: Towards a consistent global climatological rawinsonde data-base. Intl. J. Climatol., 15, 473-496.

Peterson, T. C., and D. R. Easterling, 1994: Creation of homogeneous composite climatological reference series. Intl. J. Climatol., 14, 671-679.

Petty, G. W., 1995: Frequencies and characteristics of global oceanic precipitation from shipboard present-weather reports. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76, 1593-1616.

Quayle, R. G., D. R. Easterling, T. K. Karl, and P. Y. Hughes, 1991: Effects of recent thermometer changes in the cooperative station network. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 72, 1718-1723.

-----, 1991: What sort of reference climate station network should the U.S. have? Proc. of the 15th Climate Diagnostics Workshop, Asheville, NC, NOAA Climate Analysis Center, NWS, Washington, D.C., 237-240.

Robinson, D. A., 1990: The United States cooperative climate observing systems: Reflections and recommendations. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 71, 826-831.

Schwartz, B. E., and C. A. Doswell III, 1991: North American rawinsonde observations: Problems, concerns and a call to action. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 72, 1885-1896.

Shea, D. J., 1984: The annual cycle. Part I: The annual variation of surface temperature over the United States and Canada. Technical Note NCAR/TN-242+STR, NCAR, Boulder, CO, 77 pp., plus 3 microfiche.

------, 1984: The annual cycle. Part II: The annual variation of precipitation over the United States and Canada. Technical Note NCAR/TN-243+STR, NCAR, Boulder, CO, 67 pp., plus 3 microfiche.

------, 1986: Climatological atlas: 1950-1979. Surface air temperature, precipitation, sea-level pressure, and sea-surface temperature (45 S-90 N). Technical Note NCAR/TN-269+STR, NCAR, Boulder, CO, 35 pp plus 158 figures and 10 microfiche.

Soden, B.J., and J.R. Lanzante, 1996: An assessment of satellite and radiosonde climatologies of upper--tropospheric water vapor. J. Climate, 9, 1235-1250.

Trenberth, K. E., and D. J. Shea, 1987: On the evolution of the Southern Oscillation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 3078-3096.

-----, and J. G. Olson, 1989: Temperature trends at the South Pole and McMurdo Sound, J. Climate, 2, 1172-1182.

-----, and A. Solomon, 1994: The Global Heat Balance: Heat transports in the atmosphere and ocean. Climate Dyanmics, 10, 107-134.

-----, 1995: Atmospheric Circulation Climate Changes. Clim. Change, 31, 427-453.

Vinnikov, P. Y., P. Y. Groisman, and K. M. Lugina, 1990: Empirical data on contemporary global changes (temperature and precipitation). J. Climate, 3, 662-677. Zhai, P. and R.E. Eskridge, 1996: Analyses of inhomogeneities in radiosonde temperature and humidity time series. J. Climate, 9, 884-894.


Barnett, T. P., 1984: The estimation of ``global" sea level change: a problem of non-uniqueness. J. Geophys. Res., 89, 7980-7988.

Cardone, V. J., J. G. Greenwood, and M. Cane, 1990: On trends in historical marine data. J. Climate, 3, 113-127.

Chelton, D. B., 1983: Effects of sampling errors in statistical estimation. Deep-Sea Res., 30, 1083-1103.

-----, 1994: Physical oceanography: A brief overview for statiticians. Stat. Sci., 9, 150-160.

Conkright, M. E., S. Levitus, and T. P. Boyer, 1994: World Ocean Atlas 1994 Volume 1: Nutrients. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 1 (in preparation).

da Silva, A., C. C. Young, and S. Levitus, 1994. Atlas of Surface Marine Data 1994, Vols. 1-4, NOAA Atlas NESDIS 6 series. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA.

Elms, J. D., 1993: Digitizing historical records for Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (COADS). Earth System Monitor, 4,2, 4-10.

Leetmaa, A., and M. Ji, 1989: Operational hindcasting of the tropical Pacific, Dyn. Atmos. Oceans, 13, 465-490.

Levitus, S., 1982: Climatological atlas of the world ocean. NOAA Profesional Paper No. 13, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 173pp (+17 microfiche)

------, and T. P. Boyer, 1994a: World Ocean Atlas 1994 Volume 2: Oxygen. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 2 (in preparation).

------, and -----, 1994c: World Ocean Atlas 1994 Volume 4: Temperature. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 4 (in preparation).

------, and R. Burgett, and T. P. Boyer, 1994b: World Ocean Atlas 1994 Volume 3: Salinity. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 3 (in preparation).

McPhaden, M. J., and S. P. Hayes, 1990: Variability in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean during 1986-1988. J. Geophys. Res., 95, 13195-13208.

------, 1993: TOGA-TAO and the 1991-93 El Nino-Southern Oscillation event. Ocean., 6, 36-44.

Pickard, G. L., and W. J. Emery, 1990: Descriptive Physical Oceanography. Permagon Press. 320p.

Reynolds, R. W., 1988: A real time global sea surface temperature analysis. J. Climate, 1, 75-86.

-----, and D. C. Marsico, 1993: An improved real-time global sea surface temperature analysis. J. Climate, 6, 114-119.

Rossby, T., G. Siedler, and W. Zenk, 1995: The volunteer observing ship and future ocean monitoring. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76, 5-11.

Shea, D. J., K. E. Trenberth, and R. W. Reynolds, 1992: A global monthly sea surface temperature climatology. J. Climate, 5, 987-1001.

Slutz, R. J., S. J. Lubker, J. D. Hiscox, S. D. Woodruff, R. L. Jenne, D. H. Joseph, P. M. Steurer, and J. D. Elms, 1985: COADS: Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Datasets, Release 1, 262pp. [Available from the Climate Research Program, Environmental Research libraries, 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80303.]

Tolmazin, T., 1985: Elements of Dynamic Oceanography, Allen and Unwin, 181pp.

Trenberth, K. E., and H. van Loon, 1981: Comment on "Impact of FGGE buoy data on Southern Hemisphere analyses". Bull Amer. Meteor. Soc., 62, 1486-1489.

-----, J. G. Olson, and W. G. Large, 1989: A global ocean wind stress climatology based on ECMWF analyses. NCAR Tech. Note NCAR/TN-338+STR, 93pp. (available upon request)

-----, W. G. Large and J. G. Olson, 1990: The mean annual cycle in global ocean wind stress. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 20, 1742-1760.

-----, J. R. Christy, and J. W. Hurrell, 1992: Monitoring global monthly mean temperatures, J. Climate, 5, 1405-1423.

Ward, M. N., 1992: Provisionally corrected surface wind data, worldwide ocean-atmosphere surface winds, and Sahelian rainfall variability. J. Climate, 5, 454-475.

Woodruff, S. D., R. J. Slutz, R. J. Jenne, and P. M. Steurer, 1987: A Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 68, 1239-1250.


Burroughs, W. J., 1991: Watching the world's weather. Cambridge University Press. 196pp.

Chen, H. S., 1985: Space remote sensing systems: An introduction. Academic Press, Orlando, 257pp.

Fellows, J. L., and A. Ghazi (Editors), 1994: Global change and space observations. Adv. in Space Res., Permagon Press, 248pp.

Gloersen, P., W. J. Campbell, D. J. Cavalieri, J. C. Comiso, C. L. Parkinson, and H. J. Zwalley, 1993: Artic and Antarctic Sea Ice, 1978-87: Satellite Passive-Microwave Observations and Analyses. NASA SP-511, 290pp.

Goodberlet, M. A., and C. T. Swift, 1989: Remote sensing of ocean surface winds with special sensor microwave/images. J. Geophys. Res., 94, 14547-14555.

Gurney, R. J., J. L. Foster, and C. L. Parkinson, 1993: Atlas of satellite observations related to global change. Cambridge University Press. 470pp.

Gutman, G. G., 1994: Global data on land surface parameters from NOAA AVHRR for use in numerical climate models. J. Climate, 7, 669-680.

Hauschild, H., M. Reiss, B. Rudulf, and U. Schneider, 1992: Die verwendung von satellitendaten im WZN. Met. Zeitschrift, 1, 58-66.

Houghton, J. T., F. W. Taylor, and, C. D. Rogers, 1984: Remote sensing of the atmosphere. Cambridge University Press, xxxpp.

Hurrell, J. W., and K. E. Trenberth, 1992: An evaluation of monthly mean MSU and ECMWF global atmospheric temperatures for monitoring climate. J. Climate, 5, 1424-1440.

-----, and G. G. Campbell, 1992: Monthly mean global satellite data sets available in CCM history tape format. NCAR Tech. Note, NCAR/TN-371+IA, NCAR, Boulder CO, 80307, 94pp.

-----, S. J. Brown, K. E. Trenberth and J. R. Christy, 2000: Comparison of tropospheric temperatures from radiosondes and satellites: 1979-1998. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 81, 2165-2177.

Kahle, A. B., E. J. Njoku, F. D. Palluconi, A. R. Gillespie, S. J. Hook, C. M. Hayden, K. Tsucchiya, and J. Dozier (Editors), 1994: Remote sensing of earth's surface and atmosphere. Adv. in Space Res. , Permagon Press, 284pp.

Kidder, S. Q., and T. H. von der Harr, 1995: Satellite Meteorology: An Introduction, Academic Press, 506pp.

NASA, 1987: The Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite UARS Project Data Book.

Rao, P. K., S. J. Holmes, R. K. Anderson, J. S. Winston, and, P. E. Lehr (Editors), 1990: Weather satellites: Systems, data, and environmental applications. American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA, 503pp.

Short, N., 1982: The Landsat tutorial workbook: basics of satellite remote sensing. NASA Ref. 1078, U.S. Govt. Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Smith, W. L., W. P. Bishop, V. F. Dvorak, C. M. Hayden, J. H. McElroy, F. R. Mosher, V. J. Oliver, J. F. Purdom, and D. Q. Wark, 1986: The meteorological satellite: Overview of 25 years of operation. Science, 231, 455-462.

Spencer, R. W., and J. R. Christy, 1990: Precise monitoring of global temperature trends from satellites. Science, 247, 1558-1562.

-----, and ----, 1992a: Precision and radiosonde validation of satellite gridpoint temperature anomalies, Pt. I: MSU channell 2. J. Climate, 5, 847-857.

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Stephens, G. L., 1994: Remote sensing of the lower atmosphere: an introduction. Oxford University Press, New York, 523pp.

Trenberth, K. E., 1985: Meteorological satellites. Science, 227, 701.

Vaughan, W. W., and D. L. Johnson, 1994: Meteorological Satellites: the early years, prior to launch of TIROS-1. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 75, 2295-2302.

Vonder Harr, T. H., and D. W. Hollger, 1986: Lecture notes on the applications of meteorological satellite services and data. WMO/TD-No., 152, 388pp.

World Meteorological Organization, 1987: The contribution of satellite data and services to WMO programmes in the next decade. WMO-No., 679, 58pp.

Yates, H., A. Strong, D. McGinnis (Jr.), and D. Tarpley, 1986: Terrestrial observations from NOAA operational satellites. Science, 231, 463-470. :  463-470.


Bengtsson, L., and J. Shukla, 1988: Integration of space and in situ observations to study global climate change. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 69, 1130-1143.

Gibson, J. K., P. K. A. Nomura and S. Uppala, 1994: The ECMWF Reanalysis (ERA) Project - Plans and current status. Preprints, Tenth International Conference on Interactive Information and Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, American Meteorological Society, pp 164-167.

Jenne, R. L., 1992: Data for reanalysis; Inventories. Unpublished manuscript. (available upon request from NCAR's Data Support Section)

Joseph, D., 1991: Climate model output data: common information. Unpublished manuscript. (available upon request from NCAR's Data Support Section)

Kalnay, E., and R. Jenne, 1991: Summary of the NMC/NCAR Reanalysis Workshop of April 1991. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 72, 1897-1904.

Kalnay, E., et al., 1996: The NCEP/NCAR 40-year Reanalysis Project, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 77, 437-471.

Parker, D. E., 1980: Climate change or analysts' artifact? A study of grid point upper air data. Meteor. Mag., 109, 129-152.

Schubert, S. D., R. B. Rood, and J. Pfaendtner, 1993: An assimilated dataset for earth science applications. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 74, 2331-2342.

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Trenberth, K. E., and D. A. Paolino,1980: The Northern Hemisphere sea--level pressure sata set: Trends, errors, and discontinuities. Mon. Wea. Rev, 108, 855-872.

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-----, 1991: Climate diagnostics from global analyses: Conservation of mass in ECMWF analyses. J. Climate, 4, 707-722.

-----, 1992; Global analyses from ECMWF and atlas of 1000- to 10-mb circulation statistics, NCAR Technical Note, NCAR/TN-373+STR, 191 pp plus 24 fiche. (available upon request)

-----, J. C. Berry, and L. E. Buja, 1993: Vertical interpolation and truncation of model-coordinate data. NCAR Technical Note, NCAR/TN-396+STR, 54 pp. (available upon request)

-----, and A. Solomon, 1994: The Global heat balance: heat transports in the atmosphere and ocean. Climatic Change, 10, 107-134.

----., and C. J. Guillemot, 1998: Evaluation of the atmospheric moisture and hydrogical cycle in the NCEP/NCAR reanalyses. Climate Dyn., 14, 213-231.

-----, D. P. Stepaniak, J. W. Hurrell and M. Fiorino, 2000: Quality of reanalyses in the tropics. J. Climate, 14, 1499-1510.

-----, and D. P. Stepaniak, 2001: A pathological problem with NCEP reanalyses in the stratosphere, J. Climate, in press.


Crompton, T., 1989: Analysis of Seawater. Butterworth, 1989, 423pp.

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Open University Course team, 1989: Ocean Chemistry and Deep Sea Sediments, 134pp.

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National Research Council, 1992: A Decade of International Research: The First 10 Years of the World Climate Research Program. National Academy Press. Washington, D.C., 59pp.

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World Meteorological Organization, 1992: Scientific plan for the GEWEX continental scale international project (GCIP). WCRP-67 WMO/TD-No. 461. 65pp.

Trenberth, K. E., and H. van Loon, 1981: Comment on "Impact of FGGE buoy data on Southern Hemisphere analyses". Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 62, 1486-1489.

-----, 1984: Interannual variability of the Southern Hemisphere circulation: Representativeness of the year of the Global Weather Experiment. Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 108-123.


Claussen, M., U. Lohmann, E. Roeckner, and U. Schulzweida, 1994: A global data set of land surface parameters. Max Plank Institut fur Meteorologie, Report 135, 35pp.

Gutman, G. G., 1994: Global data on land surface parameters from NOAA AVHRR for use in numerical climate models. J. Climate, 7, 669-680.

Henderson-Sellers, A., 1993: Continental vegetation as a dynamic component of global climate models: a prelimianry assessmemt. Clim. Change, 23, 337-378.

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Matthews, E., 1983: Global vegetation and land use: new high resolution data bases for climate studies. J. Climate, 22, 474-487.

Wilson, M. F., and A. Henderson-Sellers, 1985: A global archive of land cover and soils data for use in general circulation models. J. Climate, 5, 119-143.


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Bevirt, B., 1989: Glossary of networking terms and acronyms. UserDoc Collection: Scientific Computing Division. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colo. 16pp. (available upon request)

Dawson, N., 1993: NCAR Gopher: A data retrievial system. UserDoc collection: Scientific Computing Division. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colo. 6pp. (available upon request)

Eddings, J., 1994: How the Internet works. Ziff-Davis. 218pp.

Rew, J., 1993: Using FTP for file transfer at NCAR. UserDoc Collection: Scientific Computing Division. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colo. 11pp. (available upon request)

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Bath, L., J. Rosinski, and J. Olson, 1992: User's guide to NCAR CCM2. NCAR Tech. Note, NCAR/TN-379+IA, NCAR, Boulder CO, 80307, 156pp.

Dickinson, R. E., A. Henderson-Sellers, and P. J. Kennedy, 1993: Biosphere-Atmosphere Transfer Scheme (BATS) Version 1E as coupled to the NCAR Community Climate Model. NCAR Tech. Note/TN387+STR.

Hack, J. J., B. A. Boville, B. P. Brieglieb, P. J. Rasch, and D. L. Williamson, 1993: Description of the NCAR Community Climate Model. NCAR Tech. Note, NCAR/TN-382+IA, NCAR, Boulder CO, 80307, 97pp.

-----, B. A. Boville, J. T. Kiehl, P. J. Rasch, and D. L. Williamson, 1994: Climate statistics from the NCAR Community Climate Model (CCM2). J. Geophys. Res., 99, 20785-20813.

Hurrell, J. W., and G. G. Campbell, 1992: Monthly mean global satellite data sets available in CCM history tape format. NCAR Tech. Note, NCAR/TN-371+IA, NCAR, Boulder CO, 80307, 94pp.

-----, J. J. Hack, and D. P. Baumhefner, 1993: Comparison of NCAR Community Climate Model (CCM) climates. NCAR Technical Note NCAR/TN-395+STR, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado, 335  pp.

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Jenne, R. L., 1975: Datasets for meteorological research. NCAR Tech. Note, NCAR-TN/1A-111, 194pp.

----, 1992: Data availability for climate studies. Unpublished manuscript. (available upon request from NCAR's Data Support Section)

----, 1993: Selected data information available from NCAR. Unpublished manuscript. (available upon request from NCAR's Data Support Section)

----, 1994: Datasets at NCAR: Brief list and volume. unpublished Office Memorandum. (available upon request from NCAR's Data Support Section)

Stern, I. R., 1992: Using ftp to obtain information on MSS datasets. SCD Computing News, Sept./Oct. 3pp. (available upon request)

Trenberth See references under ANALYZED AND MODEL DATA. CAS data archive.

Williamson, D. L., J. T. Kiehl, and J. J. Hack, 1994: Climate sensitivity of the NCAR Community Climate Model to horizontal resolution. Clim. Dyn., 11, 377-397.

Williamson, G. S., 1993: CCM2 Datasets and Circulation Statistics, NCAR Tech. Note, NCAR/TN-391+STR, NCAR, Boulder CO, 80307, 85pp.

Information Generic to Atmosphere/Ocean Data
Conventional Meteorological Station Data
Oceanographic Data
Satellite Data
Analyzed and Model Data
Atmosphere-Ocean Composition
Research Project Datasets
Ancillary Datasets
Internet and Data Communications
Data Available at NCAR and Methods of Access

An Introduction to Atmospheric and Oceanographic Data
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