CCR Staff: Christine Shields, Associate Scientist

Journal Articles

Journal Articles and Scientific Publications

Hannah Kleppin, Markus Jochum, Bette Otto-Bliesner, Christine A. Shields, and Stephen Yeager, 2015: Stochastic Atmospheric Forcing as a Cause of Greenland Climate Transitions. J. Climate, 28, 7741–7763. doi:

Arne M.E. Winguth, Christine A. Shields , Cornelia Winguth, Transition into a Hothouse World at the Permian-Triassic Boundary - A Model Study, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, December 2015, doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.09.008.

Garland R. Upchurch, Jeffrey T. Kiehl, Christine A. Shields , J.Scherer, and Christopher Scotese, 2015: Latitudinal temperature gradients and high-latitude temperatures during the latest Cretaceous: Congruence of geologic data and climate models. Geology , 43, 693-686, DOI: 10.1130/G36802.1.

Nicholas G. Heavens, Natalie M. Mahowald, Gerilyn S. Soreghan, Michael J. Soreghan, Christine A. Shields, A model-based evaluation of tropical climate in Pangaea during the late Palaeozoic Icehouse., Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology,doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.02.024.

>Black,B.A., Lamarque,J-F., Shields, C.A. , Elkins-Tanton,L.T., Kiehl,J.T., Acid rain and ozone depletion from pulsed Siberian Traps magmatism., Geology, Online November 22, 2013, doi: 10.1130/G34875.1

Kiehl, J.T., Shields, C.A. , 2013, Sensitivity of Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum Climate to Cloud Properties., Phil Trans R. Roc A., 371 20130093; doi:10.1098/rsta.2013.0093.

Lunt, D.J., Elderfield, H., Pancost, R., Ridgwell, A., Haywood, A., Kiehl, J., Sagoo, N., Shields, C , Stone, E., and Valdes, P., 2013, Warm Climates of the Past -- a lesson for the future?, Phil Tran R. A, 371 20130146; doi:10.1098/rsta.2013.0146.

Heavens N. G., C. A. Shields, and N. M. Mahowald, 2012, A paleogeographic approach to aerosol prescription in simulations of deep time climate, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., M11002, doi:10.1029/2012MS000166

Shields, C. A., D. A. Bailey, G. Danabasoglu, M. Jochum, J. T. Kiehl, S. Levis, S. Park, 2012: The Low-Resolution CCSM4., J. Climate, 25, 3933-4014. doi:

Zhou, J., Poulsen, C. J., Rosenbloom, N., Shields, C., and Briegleb, B., 2012: Vegetation-climate interactions in the warm mid-Cretaceous, Clim. Past, 8, 565-576, doi:10.5194/cp-8-565-2012.

Rosenbloom,N., Shields, C. , Brady,E., Levis, S., Yeager,S., 2011, Using CCSM3 for Paleoclimate Applications, NCAR Techincal Note NCAR/TN-483+STR,81pp. .

Winguth, A., C. Shellito, C. Shields , C. Winguth, 2010, Climate Response at the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum to Greenhouse Gas Forcing - A Model Study with CCSM3, Journal of Climate, doi:10.1175/2009JCLI3113.1

Jochum, M., B. Fox-Kemper, P. H. Molnar, and C. Shields , 2009, Differences in the Indonesian seaway in a coupled climate model and their relevance to Pliocene climate and El Nino, Paleoceanography, doi:10.1029/2008PA001678

Soden,B.J.,Held,I.M.,Colman,R.,Shell,K.M.,Kiehl,J.T.,Shields,C.A.,2008, Quantifying Climate Feedbacks using Raditative Kernels, Journal of Climate , 21, 3504-3520. DOI:10:1175/2007/JCLI2110.1

Shell,K.M.,Kiehl,J.T.,Shields,C.A.,2008, Using the Radiative Kernel Technique to Calculate Climate Feedbacks in the NCAR's Community Atmospheric Model, Journal of Climate , 21, 2269-2282. DOI: 10.1175/2007JCLI2044.1

Lamarque,J.-F.,Kiehl, J.T.,Shields,C.A.,,Boville,B.A.,Kinnison,D.E.,2006, Modeling the Response to Changes in Tropospheric Methane Concentration: Application to the Permian-Triassic Boundary, Paleooceanography , 21, PA3006,doi:10.1029/2006PA001276.

Kiehl, J.T.,Shields,C.A.,,Hack,J.J.,Collins,W.D.,2006, The Climate Sensitivity of the Community Climate Model: CCSM3, Journal of Climate , Special Issue, Vol 19, No 11, pp 2584-2596.

Yeager,S.G.,Shields,C.A.,,Large,W.G.,Hack,J.J.,2006, The Low Resolution CCSM3, Journal of Climate , Special Issue, Vol 19, No 11, pp 2545-2566.

Kiehl, J.T.,Shields,C.A.,,2005, Climate Simulation of the Latest Permian: Implications for Mass Extinction, Geology , vol 33, no 9, p.757-760,doi: 10.1130/G21654.1.

Otto-Bliesner, B., Brady, E., Shin, S.,Liu, Z.,Shields, C. , 2003, Modeling El Nino and its tropical teleconnections during the last glacial-interglacial cycle,Geophysical Research Letters , Vol 30, No. 23, 2198,doi:10:1029/2003GL018533.

Mearns, L. O., Giorgi, F., Shields, C. , L. McDaniel, 2003: Climate scenarios for the Southeast US based on GCM and regional modeling simulations. Special issue of Climatic Change on Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture in the Southeast U.S., 60:7-25.

Liu.,Z., Otto-Bliesner, B., Kutzbach, J., Li, L., and Shields, C. , 2003, Coupled Climate Simulations of the Evolution of Global Monsoons in the Holocene, Journal of Climate, Vol 16, pp. 2472-2490.

Otto-Bliesner, B.L., E.C. Brady, and C. Shields, 2002, Late Cretaceous Ocean: Coupled Simulations with the NCAR CSM, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, Vol 107, NO.D2, 10.1029/2001JDJ000821.

Giorgi, F., C. Shields, 1999. Tests of Precipitation Parameterizations Available in the Latest Version of the NCAR Regional Climate Model (RegCM) over the Continental U.S. Journal of Geophysical Research , 104:6353-6375.

Giorgi, F., L.O. Mearns, C. Shields, and L. McDaniel, 1998. egional Nested Model Simulations of Present Day and 2XCO2 Climate Over the Central Plains of the U.S. Climatic Change , 40: 457-493.

Giorgi, F., L.O. Mearns, C. Shields and L. Mayer, 1996. A Regional Model Study of the Importance of Local vs. Remote Controls in Maintaining the Drought 1988 and Flood 1993 Conditions in the Central U.S. Journal of Climate , 9:1150--1162.

Mearns, L.O., F. Giorgi, C. Shields , and L. McDaniel, 1995. Analysis of the Variability of Daily Precipitation in a Nested Modeling Experiment: Comparison with Observations and 2xCO2 Results. Global and Planetary Change , 10:55--78.

Mearns, L.O., F. Giorgi, L. McDaniel, C. Shields , 1995. Analysis of the Diurnal Range and Variability of Daily Temperature in a Nested Modeling Experiment: Comparison with Observations and 2xCO2 Results. Climate Dynamics , 11:193--209.

Shields, C., S.L. Thompson, and C. D'Ambra, 1994. RegCM2 User Documentation, Interdisciplinary Climate Systems Section, Climate and Global Dynamics Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO., 53pp.

Giorgi, F., S. Hostetler, C. Shields Brodeur , January 1994. Analysis of the Surface Hydrology in a Regional Climate Model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society , 120:161-184.

Giorgi, F., C. Shields Brodeur , G.T. Bates, 1994. Regional Climate Change Scenarios over the United States Produced with a Nested Regional Climate Model. Journal of Climate , 7:375-399.

Shields Brodeur, C., 1991. A Case Study of Explosive Cyclogenesis: The Role of Surface and Upper Tropospheric Processes. Thesis, M.S., Penn State University, University Park, PA., 124pp.