Schaedel, C., C. Koven, D. Lawrence, G. Celis, A. Gamello, J. Hutchings, M. Mauritz, S. Natali, E. Pegoraro, H. Rodenhizer, V. Salmon, M. Tayolor, E. Webb, W. Wieder, E. Schuur, 2018: Divergent patterns of experimental and model-derived permafrost ecosystem carbon dynamics in response to Arctic warming. Submitted to ERL.

Krinner, G., C. Derksen, R. Essery et al., 2018: ESM-SnowMIP: Assessing models and quantifying snow-related climate feedbacks. Submitted to GMD.

Collier, N., F.M. Hoffman, D.M. Lawrence, G. Keppel-Aleks, C.D. Koven, W.J. Riley, M. Mu, J.T. Randerson, 2018: The International Land 1 Model Benchmarking (ILAMB) System: Design, Theory, and Implementation. Submitted to JAMES.

McGuire, A.D., D.M. Lawrence , C. Koven , J. S. Clein, E. Burke, G.Chen, E.Jafarov, A.H. MacDougall, S. Marchenko, D.Nicolsky, S.Peng , A.Rinke, P.Ciais, I.Gouttevin, D.J. Hayes, D.Ji, G.Krinner, J.C. Moore, V. Romanovsky, C. Schädel, K.Schaefer, E.A.G. Schuur, and Q.Zhuang, 2017: The Dependence of the Evolution of Carbon Dynamics in the Northern Permafrost Region on the Trajectory of Climate Change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115, 3882-3887, doi:10.1073/pnas.1719903115.

Lombardozzi, D.L., G. Bonan, D.M. Lawrence, and S. Levis, 2018: Changes in crop and timber yields in response to projected CO2, O3, nitrogen deposition, and climate. Submitted .

Burns, S.P., S.C. Swenson, W.R. Wieder, D.M. Lawrence, G.B. Bonan, J.F. Knowles, and P.D. Blanken, 2018: A comparison of the diel cycle of modeled and measured latent heat flux during the warm season in a Colorado subalpine forest. JAMES, 10, 617-651, doi.org/10.1002/2017MS001248.

Li, F., D.M. Lawrence, and B. Bond-Lamberty, 2018: Human impacts on 20th century fire dynamics and implications for global carbon and water trajectories. Glob. Plan. Change, 162, 18-27, doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2018.01.002.

Lawrence, P.J., D.M. Lawrence, and G.C. Hurtt, 2017: Attributing the Carbon Cycle Impacts of CMIP5 Historical and Future Land Use and Land Cover Change in the Community Earth System Model (CESM1). Accepted.

Parazoo, N., C.D. Koven, D.M. Lawrence, V. Romanovsky, and C.E. Miller, 2018: Detecting the permafrost carbon feedback: Talik formation and increased cold-season respiration as precursors to sink-to-source transitions. The Cryosphere, 12, 123-144, doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-123-2018.

Peng, B., K. Guan, M. Chen, D.M. Lawrence, Y. Pokhrel, A. Suyker, T. Arkebauer, and Y. Lu, 2018: Improving Maize Growth Processes in the Community Land Model: Implementation and Evaluation. Agric. Forest Met., 250-251, 64-89, doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.11.012.

Huang, Y., X. Lu, Z. Shi, D.M. Lawrence, C.D. Koven, X., J. Xia, Z. Du, E. Kluzek, and Y. Luo, 2018: Matrix approach to land carbon cycle modeling: A case study with Community Land Model. Glob. Change. Biol., 24, doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13948.

Tawfik, A.B., D.M. Lawrence, and P.A. Dirmeyer, 2017: Representing sub-grid convective initiation in CESM. Submitted to JAMES.


Dirmeyer, P.A., L. Chen, J. Wu, C.-S. Shin, B. Huang, B. Cash, M. Bosilovich, S. Mahanama, R. Koster, J. Santanello, M. Eik G. Balsam, E. Dutra, and D. Lawrence, 2018: Verification of land-atmosphere coupling in forecast models, reanalyses and land surface models using flux site observations. J. Hydromet., 19, 375-392, doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-17-0152.1

Van Kampenhout, L., J.T.M. Lenaerts, W.H. Lipscomb, W.J. Sacks, D.M. Lawrence, A.G. Slater, and M.R. van den Broeke, 2017: Improving the representation of polar snow and firn in the Community Earth System Model. JAMES, 9, 2583-2600, doi.org/10.1002/2017MS000988.

Chen, L., P.A. Dirmeyer, A.B. Tawfik, and D.M. Lawrence, 2017: Sensitivities of Land Cover-Precipitation Feedback to Convective Triggering. J Hydromet., 18, 2265-2283, doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-17-0011.1.

Koven, C.D., G. Hugelius, D.M. Lawrence, and W.R. Wieder, 2017: Higher climatological temperature sensitivity of soil carbon in cold than warm climates. Nature Clim. Change, 7, doi:10.1038/nclimate3421.

Slater, A.G., D.M. Lawrence, and C.D. Koven, 2017: Process-level model evaluation: A snow and heat transfer metric. Cryopshere, 11>, 989-996, doi:10.5194/tc-11-989-2017.

Li, F., D.M. Lawrence, and B. Bond-Lamberty, 2017: Impact of fire on global land surface air temperature and energy budget for the 20th century due to changes within ecosystems. Env. Res. Let., 12, 044014, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa6685.

Mahowald, N., Keith Lindsey , E. Munoz , S. Doney , P. Lawrence , S. Schlunegger , D. Ward , D. Lawrence , and F. Hoffman, 2017: Interactions between land use change and carbon cycle feedbacks. Glob. Biogeochem. Cyc., 31, 96–113, doi:10.1002/2016GB005374.

Li, F. and D.M. Lawrence, 2017: Role of fire in the global land water budget during the 20th century through changing ecosystems. J. Climate, 30, 1893–1908,doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0460.1.

Thiery, W., E. Davin, D.M. Lawrence, A.L. Hirsch, M. Hauser, S.I. Seneviratne, 2017: Present-day irrigation mitigates heat extremes. JGR, 122, DOI: 10.1002/2016JD025740.


Lawrence, D.M., G.C. Hurtt, A. Arneth, V. Brovkin, K.V. Calvin, A.D. Jones, C.D. Jones, P.J. Lawrence, N. de Noblet-Ducoudre, J. Pongratz, S.I. Seneviratne, and E. Shevliakova, 2016: The Land Use Model Intercomparison Project (LUMIP) contribution to CMIP6: Rationale and experimental design. GMD, 9, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2973-2016.

Van den Hurk, B., H. Kim, G. Krinner, S.I. Seneviratne, C. Derksen, T. Oki, H. Douville, J. Colin, A. Ducharne, F. Cheruy, M. Puma, Y. Wada, W. Li, B. Jia, A. Alessandri, D. Lawrence, G.P. Weedon, R. Ellis, S. Hagemann, J. Mao, M.G. Flanner, M. Zampieri, and R. Law, 2016: The Land Surface, Snow and Soil moisture Model Intercomparison Project - aims, setup, and expected outcome. GMD, 9, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2809-2016.

Levine, P., J. Randerson, D. Lawrence, and S. Swenson, 2016: Evaluating the strength of the land-atmosphere moisture feedback in earth system models using satellite observations. HESS, 20, 4837-4856, doi:10.5194/hess-20-4837-2016.

McGuire, A.D., C. Koven, D.M. Lawrence, J.S. Clein, J. Xia, C. Beer, E. Burke, G. Chen, X. Chen, C. Delire, E. Jafarov, A.H. MacDougall, S. Marchenko, D. Nicolsky, S. Peng, A. Rinke, K. Saito, W. Zhang, R. Alkama, T.J. Bohn, P. Ciais, B. Decharme, A. Ekici, I. Gouttevin, T. Hajima, D.J. Hayes, D. Ji, G. Krinner, D.P. Lettenmaier, Y. Luo, P.A. Miller, J.C. Moore, V. Romanovsky, C. Schädl, K. Schaefer, E.A.G. Schuur, B. Smith, T. Sueyoshi, and Q. Zhuang, 2016: A model-based analysis of the vulnerability of carbon in the permafrost region between 1960 and 2009. Glob. Biogeoch. Cyclesi, DOI: 10.1002/2016GB005405.

Peng, S., P. Ciais, G. Krinne, T. Wang, I. Gouttevin, A.D. McGuire, D. Lawrence, E. Burke, X. Chen, C. Delire, C. Koven, A.MacDougall, A. Rinke, K. Saito, W. Zhang, R. Alkama, T.J. Bohn, B. Decharme, T. Hajivma, D. Ji, D.P. Lettenmaier, P.A. Miller, J.C. Moore, B. Smith, T. Sueyoshi, 2015: Simulate high-latitude soil thermal dynamics during the past four decades. The Cryosphere, 10, 179-192, doi:10.5194/tc-10-179-2016.

Lorenz, R., Argueso, D., M.G. Donat, A.J. Pitman, B. van den Hurk, A. Berg, D.M. Lawrence, F. Cheruy, A. Ducharne, S. Hagemann, A. Meier, P.C.D. Milly, and S.I. Seneviratne, 2016: Influence of land-atmsophere feedbacks on temperature and precipitation extremes in the GLACE-CMIP5 ensemble. J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1002/2015JD024053.

Schultz, N.M., X. Lee, P.J. Lawrence, D.M. Lawrence, L. Zhao, 2016: Assessing the use of sub-grid land model output to study impacts of land cover change. JGR., 121, 6133-6147, DOI: 10.1002/2016JD025094.

Xia, J., A.D. McGuire , D. Lawrence , E. Burke , G. Chen , X. Chen , C. Delire , C. Koven , A. MacDougall , S. Peng , A. Rinke , K. Saito , W. Zhang , R. Alkama , P. Ciais , B. Decharme , T. Bohn , I. Gouttevin , T. Hajima , D. Hayes , D. Ji , G. Krinner , D. Lettenmaier , P. Miller , J. Moore , B. Smith , T. Sueyoshi , Z. Shi , L. Yan , J. Liang , L. Jiang , Y. Luo, 2016: Terrestrial ecosystem model performance in simulating net primary productivity and its vulnerability to climate change in the northern permafrost region. Submitted to J. Geophys. Res..

Fasullo, J.T., D.M. Lawrence, S. Swenson, 2016: Are GRACE-Era Terrestrial Water Trends Driven By Anthropogenic Climate Change? Adv in Meteor., 2016, doi:10.1155/2016/4830603.

Wang, W., et al., 2016: Evaluation of air-soil temperature relationships simulated by land surface models during winter across the permafrost region. The Cryosphere, 10, 1721-1737, doi:10.5194/tc-10-1721-2016.

Dirmeyer, P.A., J. Wu, H.E. Norton, W.A. Dorigo, S.M. Quiring, T.W. Ford, J.A. Santanello Jr., M.G. Bosilovich, M.B. Ek, R.D. Koster, G. Balsamo, and D.M. Lawrence, 2016: Confronting weather and climate models with observational data from soil moisture networks over the United States. J. Hydromet., doi:10.1175/JHM-D-15-0196.1.

Parazoo, N.C., C. Sweeney, R. Commane, S. Wofsy, C. Koven, D. Lawrence, J. Lindaas, R. Chang, and C.E. Miller, 2016: Detecting patterns of changing carbon flux in Alaska using airborne and satellite observations. PNAS, 113, 7733-7738, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1601085113.

Brunke, M.A., P. Broxton, J. Pelletier, D. Gochis, P. Hazenberg, D.M. Lawrence, L.R. Leung, G.-Y. Niu, P.A. Troch, and X. Zeng, 2016: Implementing and evaluating variable soil thickness in the Community Land Model, version 4.5 (CLM4.5). J. Climate, 29, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0307.1.

Parajuli, S.P., Z.-L. Yang, and D.M. Lawrence, 2016: Diagnostic evaluation of the Community Earth System Model in simulating mineral dust emission with insight into large-scale dust storm mobilization in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Aeolian Research21, 21-35.

Kumar, S., F. Zwiers, R. Allan, D. Lawrence, and P. Dirmeyer, 2016: Revisiting Trends in Wetness and Dryness in the Presence of Internal Climate Variability and Water Limitations Over Land. Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1002/2015GL0668 58.


Lawrence, D.M., C.D. Koven, S.C. Swenson, W.J. Riley, and A.G. Slater, 2015: Permafrost thaw and resulting soil moisture changes regulate projected high-latitude CO2 and CH4 emission. ERL, 10, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/9/094011.

Koven, C.D, E. A. G. Schuur, C. Schädel, T. Bohn, E. J. Burke, G. Chen, X. Chen, P. Ciais, G. Grosse, J. W. Harden, D. J. Hayes, G. Hugelius, E. E. Jafarov, G. Krinner, P. Kuhry, D. M. Lawrence, A. H. MacDougall, S. S. Marchenko, A. D. McGuire, S. M. Natali, D. J. Nicolsky, D. Olefeldt, S. Peng, V. E. Romanovsky, K. M. Schaefer, J. Strauss, C. C. Treat, M. Turetsky, 2015: A simplified, data-constrained approach to estimate the permafrost carbon-climate feedback. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2014.0423.

Clark, M.P., Y. Fan, D.M. Lawrence, J.C. Adam, D. Bolster, D.J. Gochis, R.P. Hooper, M. Kumar, L.R. Leung, D.S. Mackay, R.M. Maxwell, C. Shen, S.C. Swenson, and Xubin Zeng, 2015: Improving the representation of hydrologic processes in Earth System Models. Wat. Res. Research, doi:10.1002/2015WR017096.

Lique, C., M.M. Holland, Y.B. Dibike, D.M. Lawrence, and J.A. Screen, 2015: Modeling the Arctic Freshwater System and its integration in the global system: Lessons learned and future challenges. JGR, doi:10.1002/2015JG003120.

Swenson, S.C. and D.M. Lawrence, 2015: GRACE-based assessment of interannual variability in groundwater simulated in the Community Land Model. Water Res. Res., 51, 8817-8833, doi:10.1002/2015WR017582.

Fisher, R.A., S. Muszala, M. Vertenstein, P. Lawrence, C. Xu, N.G. McDowell, R.G. Knox, C.D. Koven, J.A. Holm, B.M. Rogers, D.M. Lawrence, and G.B. Bonan, 2015: Taking off the training wheels: the properties of dynamic vegetation models without climate envelopes. Geoscientific Mod. Dev.8, 3593-3619, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-3593-2015.

Wang, W., A. Rinke, J.C. Moore, X.-F. Cui, D. Ji, Q. Li, N. Zhang, C.Wang, S. Zhang, D. M. Lawrence, A. D. McGuire, C. Koven, K. Saito, W. Zhang, A. MacDougall, C. Delire, E. Burke, 2016: Diagnostic and model dependent uncertainty of simulated Tibetan permafrost area. The Cryosphere, 10, doi:10.5194/tc-10-287-2016.

Kay, J.E., C. Deser, A. Phillips, A. Mai, C. Hannay, G. Strand, J.M. Arblaster, S.C. Bates, G. Danabasoglu, J. Edwards, M. Holland, P. Kushner, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Lawrence, K. Lindsay, A. Middleton, E. Munoz, R. Neale, K. Oleson, L. Polvani, and M. Vertenstein, 2015: The Community Earth System Model (CESM) Large Ensemble Project: A Community Resource for Studying Climate Change in the Presence of Internal Climate Variability. BAMS, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00255.1.

Wieder, W., C. Cleveland, D.M. Lawrence, and G.B. Bonan, 2015: Effects of model structural uncertainty on carbon cycle projections: biological nitrogen fixation as a case study ERL, 10, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/4/044016.

Koven, C.D., D.M. Lawrence, and W.J. Riley, 2015: Permafrost-carbon feedback: Sensitivity to deep soil decomposability and nitrogen cycle. PNAS, DOI:10.1073/pnas.1415123112.

Berg, A., B.R. Lintner, K. Findell, S.I. Seneviratne, B. van den Hurk, F. Cheruy, S. Hagemann, D.M. Lawrence, S. Malyshev, A. Meier, and P. Gentine, 2015: Interannual coupling between summertime surface temperature and precipitation: processes and implications for climate change. J. Climate, 28, 1308-1328, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00324.1.

Rawlins, M.A., A. D. McGuire, J. K. Kimball, P. Dass, D. Lawrence, E. Burke, X. Chen, C. Delire, C. Koven, A. MacDougall, S. Peng, A. Rinke, K. Saito, W. Zhang, R. Alkama, T. J. Bohn, P. Ciais, B. Decharme, I. Gouttevin, T. Hajima, D. Ji, G. Krinner, D. P. Lettenmaier, P. Miller, J. C. Moore, B. Smith, and T. Sueyoshi, 2015: Assessment of model estimates of land-atmosphere CO2 exchange across Northern Eurasia. Biogeosciences, 12, 4385-4405, doi:10.5194/bg-12-4385-2015.

Schuur, E., A. McGuire, C. Schaedel, G. Grosse, J. Harden, D. Hayes, G. Hugelius, C. Koven, P. Kuhry, D. Lawrence, S. Natali, D. Olefeldt, V. Romanovsky, K. Schaefer, M. Turetsky, C. Treat, and J. Vonk, 2015: Climate change and the permafrost carbon feedback .Nature, 520, doi:10.1038/nature14338.


Lindsay, K., G.B. Bonan, S.C. Doney, F.M. Hoffman, D.M. Lawrence, M.C. Long, N.M. Mahowald, J.K. Moore, J.T. Randerston, and P.E. Thornton, 2014: Preindustrial Control and Twentieth Century Carbon Cycle Experiments with the Community Earth System Model CESM1-(BGC). J. Climate, 27, 8981-9005.

Lee, H., S.C. Swenson, A.G. Slater, D.M. Lawrence, 2014: Effects of excess ground ice on projections of permafrost in a warming climate. ERL,9, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/12/124006.

Swenson, S.C. and D.M. Lawrence, 2014: Assessing a Dry Surface Layer Based Soil Resistance Parameterization for the Community Land Model using GRACE and FLUXNET-MTE data. J. Geophys. Res., DOI: 10.1002/2014JD022314.

Kumar, S., P.A. Dirmeyer, D.M. Lawrence, T. DelSole, E.L. Altshuler, B.A. Cash, M.J. Fennessy, Z. Guo, J.L. Kinter III, and D.M. Straus, 2014: Effects of realistic land surface initializations on sub-seasonal to seasonal soil moisture and temperature predictability in North America and in changing climate: Soil moisture and temperature. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 13,250-13,270, doi:10.1002/2014JD022110.

Small, J., J. Bacmeister, D. Bailey, A. Baker, S. Bishop, F. Bryan, J. Caron, J. Dennis, P. Gent, H. Hsu, M. Jochum, D. Lawrence, E. Munoz, P. diNezio, T. Scheitlin, R. Tomas, J. Tribbia, Y. Tseng, and M. Vertenstein, 2014: A new synoptic scale resolving global climate simulation using the Community Earth System Model. J. Adv. Mode.. Earth Syst., 6, 1065-1094, doi:10.1002/2014MS000363.

Kumar, S., D.M. Lawrence, P.A. Dirmeyer, and J. Sheffield, 2014: Less Reliable Water Availability in the 21st Century Projected Climate. Earth's Future, 2, 152-160, DOI: 10.1002/2013EF000159.


Koven, C.D., W.J. Riley, Z.M. Subin, J.-Y. Tang, M.S. Torn, W.D. Collins, G.B. Bonan, D.M. Lawrence, and S.C. Swenson, 2013: The effect of vertically-resolved soil biogeochemistry and alternate soil C and N models on C dynamics of CLM4. Biogeosciences, 10, doi:10.5194/bg-10-7109-2013.

Oleson, K.W., D.M. Lawrence, G.B. Bonan, B. Drewniak, M. Huang, C.D. Koven, S. Levis, F. Li, W.J. Riley, Z.M. Subin, S.C. Swenson, P.E. Thornton, A. Bozbiyik, R. Fisher, E. Kluzek, J.-F. Lamarque, P.J. Lawrence, L.R. Leung, W. Lipscomb, S. Muszala, D.M. Ricciuto, W. Sacks, Y. Sun, J. Tang, Z.-L. Yang, 2013: Technical Description of version 4.5 of the Community Land Model (CLM). NCAR Technical Note NCAR/TN-503+STR, DOI: 10.5065/D6RR1W7M.

Slater, A.G. and D.M. Lawrence, 2013: Diagnosing Present and Future Permafrost from Climate Models. J. Climate, 26, 5608-5623, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00121.1.

Lorenz, R., E.L. Davin, D.M. Lawrence, R. Stockli, and S.I. Seneviratne, 2013: How important is vegetation phenology for European climate and heatwaves? J. Climate, 26, 10077-10100, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00040.1.

Meehl, G.A., W.M. Washington, J.M. Arblaster, A. Hu, H. Teng, J.E. Kay, A. Gettelman, D.M. Lawrence, B.M. Sanderson, W.G. Strand, 2013. Climate change projections in CESM1(CAM5) compared to CCSM4. J. Clim., 26,6287-6308, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00572.1.

Lipscomb, W.H., J.G. Fyke, M. Vizcaino, W.J. Sacks, J. Wolfe, M. Vertenstein, T. Craig, E. Kluzek, and D.M. Lawrence, 2013: Implementation and initial evaluation of the Glimmer Community Ice Sheet Model in the Community Earth System Model. J. Climate, 26, 7352-7371, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00557.1.

Seneviratne, S.I., M. Wilhelm, T. Stanelle, B. van den Hurk, S. Hagemann, A. Berg, F. Cheruy, M.E. Higgins, A. Meier, V. Brovkin, M. Claussen, J.-L. Dufresne, K. Findell, D.M. Lawrence S. Malyshev, and B. Smith, 2013. Impact of soil moisture-climate feedbacks on CMIP5 projections: First results from the GLACE-CMIP5 experiment. GRL, 40, 5212-5217, DOI: 10.1002/grl.50956.

Hurrell, J.W., M.M. Holland, S. Ghan, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Lawrence, W.H. Lipscomb, N. Mahowald, D. Marsh, P. Rasch, D. Bader, W.D. Collins, P.R. Gent, J.J. Hack, J. Kiehl, P. Kushner, W.G. Large, S. Marshall, S. Vavrus, M. Vertenstein, 2013: The Community Earth System Model: A Framework for Collaborative Research. BAMS, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00121.1.

Jiang, X., S.A. Rauscher, T.D. Ringler, D.M. Lawrence, A.P. Williams, C.D. Allen, A.L. Steiner, D.M. Cai, and N.G. McDowell, 2013: Projected Future Changes in Vegetation in Western North America in the 21st Century. J. Climate, 26, 3671-3687, DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00430.1.

Schuur,E.A.G, et al., 2013: Expert assessment of vulnerability of permafrost carbon to climate change. Climatic Change, 1-16, DOI:10.1007/s10584-013-0730-7.

Subin, Z.M., C.D. Koven, W.J. Riley, M.S. Torn, D.M. Lawrence, S.C. Swenson, 2013: Effects of Soil Moisture on the Responses of Soil Temperatures to Climate Change in Cold Regions. J. Climate, 26, 3139-3158 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00305.1 .

Tjiputra, J.F., C. Roelandt, M. Bentsen, D.M. Lawrence, T. Lortentzen, J. Schwinger, O. Seland, and C. Heinze, 2013: Evaluation of the carbon cycle components in the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM). GMD, 6, 301-325, doi:10.5194/gmd-6-301-2013.

Shi, M., Z.-L. Yang, D.M. Lawrence, R.E. Dickinson, Z.M. Subin, 2013: Spinup Processes in the Community Land Model Version 4 with Explicit Carbon and Nitrogen Components. Ecological Modelling, 263, 308-325, doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.04.008.


Swenson, S.C., D.M. Lawrence, and H. Lee, 2012: Improved Simulation of the Terrestrial Hydrological Cycle in Permafrost Regions by the Community Land Model. JAMES, 4, M08002, doi:10.1029/2012MS000165.

Swenson, S.C. and D.M. Lawrence, 2012: A New Fractional Snow Covered Area Parameterization for the Community Land Model and its Effect on the Surface Energy Balance. JGR, 117, D21107, doi:10.1029/2012JD018178.

Bonfils, C., T.M. Phillips, D.M. Lawrence, P. Cameron-Smith, W.J. Riley, Z.M. Subin, 2012: On the influence of shrub height and expansion on boreal climate. Env. Res. Lett., 7, 015503, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/1/015503.

Lawrence, D.M., K.W. Oleson, M.G. Flanner, C.G. Fletcher, P.J. Lawrence, S. Levis, S.C. Swenson, and G.B. Bonan, 2012: The CCSM4 land simulation, 1850-2005: Assessment of surface climate and new capabilities. J. Climate CCSM4 Special Collection, 25, 2240-2260, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00103.1.

Lawrence, D.M., A.G. Slater, and S.C. Swenson, 2012: Simulation of Present-day and Future Permafrost and Seasonally Frozen Ground Conditions in CCSM4. J. Climate CCSM4 Special Collection, 25, 2207-2225, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00334.1.

Fischer, E.F., K.W. Oleson, and D.M. Lawrence, 2012: Contrasting urban and rural heat stress responses to climate change. GRL, 39, L03705, doi:10.1029/2011GL050576.

Niu, S., Luo, Y., et al., 2012: Thermal Optimality of Net Ecosystem Exchange of Carbon Dioxide and Underlying Mechanisms. New Phytologist, 194, 775-783, DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04095.x.

Luo, Y.Q., J. Randerson, G. Abramowitz, C. Bacour, E. Blyth, N. Carvalhais, P. Ciais, D. Dalmonech, J. Fisher, R. Fisher, P. Friedlingstein, K. Hibbard, F. Hoffman, D. Huntzinger, C.D. Jones, C. Koven, D. Lawrence, D.J. Li, M. Mahecha, S.L. Niu, R. Norby, S.L. Piao, X. Qi, P. Peylin, I.C. Prentice, W. Riley, M. Reichstein, C. Schwalm, Y.P. Wang, J.Y. Xia, S. Zaehle, X.H. Zhou, 2012: A framework for benchmarking models. Biogeosciences, 9, 3857-3874, doi:10.5194/bg-9-3857-2012.

Edburg, S.L., J.A. Hicke, D.M. Lawrence, P.E. Thornton, 2012: Simulating Coupled Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics Following Bark Beetle Outbreaks.JGR-Biogeosciences, 116, doi: 10.1029/2011JG001786.

Lawrence, P.J., J.J. Feddema, G.B. Bonan, G.A. Meehl, B.C. O'Neill, S. Levis, D.M. Lawrence, K.W. Oleson, E. Kluzek, K. Lindsay, and P.E. Thornton, 2012: Simulating the Biogeochemical and Biogeophysical Impacts of Transient Land Cover Change and Wood Harvest in the Community Climate System Model (CCSM4) from 1850 to 2100. J. Climate CCSM4 Special Collection, 25, 3071-3095, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00256.1.

Schneider von Deimling, T., M. Meinshausen, A. Levermann, V. Huber, K. Frieler, D. M. Lawrence, V. Brovkin, 2012: Estimating the permafrost-carbon feedback on global warming. Biogeosciences, 9 , 649-665, doi:10.5194/bg-9-649-2012.

Meng, L., P.G.M. Hess, N.M. Mahowald, J.B. Yavitt, W.J. Riley, Z.M. Subin, D.M. Lawrence, S.C. Swenson, J. Jauhiainen, and D.R. Fuka, 2012. Sensitivity of wetland methane emissions to model assumptions: Application and model testing against site observations. Biogeosciences, 9, 2793-2819.


Lawrence, D.M. and S.C. Swenson, 2011: Permafrost response to increasing Arctic shrub abundance depends on relative influence of shrubs on local soil cooling versus large-scale climate warming. Environ. Res. Lett., 6, 045504 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/4/045504.

Riley, W.J., Z.M. Subin, D.M. Lawrence, S.C. Swenson, M.S. Torn, L. Meng, N. Mahowald, P. Hess, 2011: Barriers to Predicting Changes in Global Terrestrial Methane Fluxes: Analyses Using a Methane Biogeochemistry Model Integrated in CESM. Biogeosciences, 8, 1925-1953, doi:10.5194/bg-8-1925-2011.

Bonan, G.B., P.J. Lawrence, K.W. Oleson, S. Levis, M. Jung, M. Reichstein, D.M. Lawrence and S.C. Swenson, 2011: Improving canopy processes in the Community Land Model (CLM4) using global flux fields empirically inferred from FLUXNET data. JGR-Biogeosciences, 116, G02014, doi:10.1029/2010JG001593.

Gent, P.R., G. Danabasoglu, L.J. Donner, M.M. Holland, E.C. Hunke, S.R. Jayne, D.M. Lawrence, R.B. Neale, P.J. Rasch, M. Vertenstein, P.H. Worley, Z.-L. Yang, and M. Zhang, 2011: The Community Climate System Model Version 4. J. Clim., 24, 4973-4991, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI4083.1.

Lawrence, D.M., K.W. Oleson, M.G. Flanner, P.E. Thornton, S.C. Swenson, P.J. Lawrence, X. Zeng, Z.-L. Yang, S. Levis, K. Sakaguchi, G.B. Bonan, and A.G. Slater, 2011: Parameterization improvements and functional and structural advances in version 4 of the Community Land Model. J. Adv. Model. Earth Sys., 3, DOI: 10.1029/2011MS000045.


Fischer, E.M., D.M. Lawrence, and B.M. Sanderson, 2010: Quantifying uncertainties in projections of extremes - a perturbed land surface parameter experiment. Clim. Dyn., 37, 1381-1398, DOI 10.1007/s00382-010-0915-y.

Alexander, M.A., R. Tomas, C. Deser, and D.M. Lawrence, 2010: The Atmospheric Response to Projected Terrestrial Snow Changes in the Late 21st Century. J. Climate, 23, 6430-6437, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3899.1.

Oleson, K.W., D.M. Lawrence, G.B. Bonan, M.G. Flanner, E. Kluzek, P.J. Lawrence, S. Levis, S.C. Swenson, P.E. Thornton, A. Dai, M. Decker, R. Dickinson, J. Feddema, C.L. Heald, F. Hoffman, J.-F. Lamarque, N. Mahowald, G.-Y. Niu, T. Qian, J. Randerson, S. Running, K. Sakaguchi, A. Slater, R. Stockli, A. Wang, Z.-L. Yang, Xi. Zeng, and Xu. Zeng, 2010: Technical Description of version 4.0 of the Community Land Model (CLM). NCAR Technical Note NCAR/TN-478+STR, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, 257 pp.

Rowland, J.C., C.E. Jones, G. Altmann, R. Bryan, B.T. Crosby, G.L. Geernaert, L. D. Hinzman, D.L. Kane, D.M. Lawrence, A. Mancino, P. Marsh, J.P. McNamara, V.E. Romanovsky, H. Toniolo, B.J. Travis , E. Trochim, C. J. Wilson, 2010: Arctic landscapes in transition - Geomorphic responses to degrading permafrost. EOS, 91, 229-230.

Mahowald, N.M., S. Kloster, S. Engelstaedter, J. K. Moore, S. Mukhopadhyay, J. R. McConnell, S. Albani, S. C. Doney, A. Bhattacharya, M. A. J. Curran, M. G. Flanner, F. M. Hoffman, D. M. Lawrence, K. Lindsay, P. A. Mayewski, J. Neff, D. Rothenberg, E. Thomas, P. E. Thornton, C. S. Zender, 2010: Observed 20th Century Desert Dust Variability: Impact on Climate and Biogeochemistry. Atm. Chem. Phys., 10, 10875-10893, DOI:10.1175/2010JCLI3899.1.

Deser, C., R. Tomas, M. Alexander, D. Lawrence, 2010: The seasonal atmospheric response to projected Arctic sea ice loss in the late 21st century J. Clim., 23, 333-351, doi:10.1175/2009JCLI3053.1.

Lawrence, D.M., and A.G. Slater, 2010: The contribution of snow condition trends to future ground climate. Clim. Dyn., 34, 969-981, 10.1007/s00382-009-0537-4.

Koster, R., S. Mahanama, T.J. Yamada, G. Balsamo, M. Boisserie, P. Dirmeyer, F. Doblas-Reyes, C.T. Gordon, Z. Guo, J.-H. Jeong, D. Lawrence, Z. Li, L. Luo, S. Malyshev, W. Merryfield, S.I. Seneviratne, T. Stanelle, B. van den Hurk, F. Vitart, and E.F. Wood, 2010: Contribution of land surface initialization to subseasonal forecast skill: first results from a multi-model experiment. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, 1877-1902, L02402, doi:10.1029/2009GL041677.

Kloster, S., N.M. Mahowald, J.T. Randerson, P.E. Thornton, F.M. Hoffman, S. Levis, P.J. Lawrence, J.J. Feddema, K.W. Oleson, and D.M. Lawrence, 2010: Fire dynamics during the 20th century simulated by the Community Land Model. Biogeosciences, 7, 1877-1902, doi:10.5194/bg-7-1877-2010.


Frolking, S., N. Roulet, and D. Lawrence, 2009: Issues related to incorporating northern peatlands into global climate models in Northern Peatlands and Carbon Cycling, A. Baird, L. Belyea, X. Comas, A. Reeve, L. Slater (eds.), AGU Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 184, 299 pp.

Washington, W.M., R. Knutti, G.A. Meehl, H. Teng, C. Tebaldi, D. Lawrence, L. Buja, and W.G. Strand, 2009: How much climate change can be avoided by mitigation? Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L08703, doi:10.1029/2008GL037074.

Gutzler, D.S., L. N. Long, J. Schemm, S. Baidya Roy, M. Bosilovich, J. C. Collier, M. Kanamitsu, P. Kelly, D. Lawrence, M.-I. Lee, R. Lobato S., B. Mapes, K. Mo, A. Nunes, E. A. Ritchie, J. Roads, S. Schubert, H. Wei1 and G. J. Zhang , 2009: NAMAP2: Atmospheric simulations of the 2004 North American Monsoon. J. Clim., 22, 6716-6740.

Osborne, T.M, J.M. Slingo, D.M. Lawrence, and T.R. Wheeler, 2009: Examining the interaction of growing crops with local climate using a coupled crop-climate model. J. Clim., 22, 1393-1411.


Lawrence, D.M., A.G. Slater, R.A. Tomas, M.M. Holland, and C. Deser, 2008: Accelerated Arctic land warming and permafrost degradation during rapid sea ice loss. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L11506, doi:10.1029/2008GL033985.

Lawrence, D.M., A.G. Slater, V.E. Romanovsky, and D.J. Nicolsky, 2008: The sensitivity of a model projection of near-surface permafrost degradation to soil column depth and inclusion of soil organic matter. J. Geophys. Res., 113, F02011, doi:10.1029/2007JF000883.

Brook, E., D. Archer, E. Dlugokencky, S. Frolking, and D. Lawrence, 2008: Potential for abrupt changes in atmospheric methane. In: Abrupt Climate Change. A report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, pp. 360-452.

Oleson, K.W., G.-Y. Niu, Z.-L. Yang, D.M. Lawrence, P. E. Thornton, P.J. Lawrence, R. Stockli, R.E. Dickinson, G.B. Bonan, S. Levis, A. Dai, T. Qian, 2008: Improvements to the Community Land Model and their impact on the hydrological cycle. J. Geophys. Res., 113, G01021, doi:10.1029/2007JG000563.

Stockli, R., D.M. Lawrence, G.-Y. Niu, K.W. Oleson, P.E. Thornton, Z.-L. Yang, G.B. Bonan, A.S. Denning, and S.W. Running, 2008: The use of Fluxnet in the Community Land Model development. J. Geophys. Res., 113, G01025, doi:10.1029/2007JG000562.

Lawrence, D.M. and A.G. Slater, 2008: Incorporating organic soil into a global climate model.Clim. Dyn., 30, doi:10.1007/s00382-007-0278-1.


Lawrence, D.M., P.E. Thornton, K.W. Oleson, and G.B. Bonan, 2007: The partitioning of evapotranspiration into transpiration, soil evaporation, and canopy evaporation in a GCM: Impacts on land-atmosphere interaction.. J. Hydromet., 8, 862-880.

Nicolsky D. J., V. E. Romanovsky, V. A. Alexeev, D. M. Lawrence, 2007: Improved modeling of permafrost dynamics in a GCM land-surface scheme. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L08501, doi:10.1029/2007GL029525.

Alexeev V. A., D. J. Nicolsky, V. E. Romanovsky, D. M. Lawrence, 2007: An evaluation of deep soil configurations in the CLM3 for improved representation of permafrost, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L09502, doi:10.1029/2007GL029536.

Osborne, T.M., D.M. Lawrence, A.J. Challinor, J.M. Slingo, T.R. Wheeler, 2007: Development and assessment of a coupled crop-climate model. Glob. Change Biol., 13, 169-183.


Lawrence, D.M. and A.G. Slater, 2006: Reply to comment by C. R. Burn and F. E. Nelson on "A projection of near-surface permafrost degradation during the 21st century". Geophys. Res. Lett., 33 L21504, doi:10.1029/2006GL027955.

Koster, R. D., Z. Guo, P. A. Dirmeyer, G. Bonan, E. Chan, P. Cox, C. T. Gordon, S. Kanae, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. Liu, C.-H. Lu, S. Malyshev, B. McAvaney, K. Mitchell, D. Mocko, T. Oki, K. Oleson, A. Pitman, Y. C. Sud, C. M. Taylor, D. Verseghy, R. Vasic, Y. Xue, and T. Yamada, 2006: GLACE: The Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment. 1. Overview. J. Hydromet., 7, 590-610.

Guo, Z., P.A. Dirmeyer, Koster R. D., G. Bonan, E. Chan, P. Cox, C. T. Gordon, S. Kanae, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. Liu, C.-H. Lu, S. Malyshev, B. McAvaney, K. Mitchell, D. Mocko, T. Oki, K. Oleson, A. Pitman, Y. C. Sud, C. M. Taylor, D. Verseghy, R. Vasic, Y. Xue, and T. Yamada, 2006: GLACE: The Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment.  2. Analysis.  J. Hydromet., 7, 611-625.

Seneviratne, S. I., R.D. Koster, Z. Guo, P.A. Dirmeyer, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. Liu, C.-H. Lu, D. Mocko, K.W. Oleson, and D. Verseghy, 2006: Soil moisture memory in AGCM simulations: Analysis of Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE) data.  J. Hydromet., 7, 1090-1112.

Meehl, G.A., W. M. Washington, B. D. Santer, W. D. Collins, J. M. Arblaster, A. Hu, D. M. Lawrence, H. Teng, L. E. Buja, and W. G. Strand, 2006:   Climate change in the 20th and 21st centuries and climate change commitment in the CCSM3.  J. Climate., 19, 2597-2616.

Meehl, G.A., J.M. Arblaster, D. M. Lawrence, A. Seth, E. K. Schneider, B. P. Kirtman, and D. Min, 2006:  Monsoon regimes in CCSM3.  J. Climate. 19, 2842-2495.


Lawrence, D.M. and A.G. Slater, 2005: A projection of severe near-surface permafrost degradation during the 21st century. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L24401, doi:10.1029/2005GL025080.

Lawrence, D.M. and J.M. Slingo, 2005: Weak land-atmosphere coupling strength in HadAM3: role of soil moisture variability. J. Hydromet., 6, 670-680.

Lawrence, D.M. and J.M. Slingo, 2004: An annual cycle of vegetation in a GCM. Part I: Implementation and impact on evaporationClimate Dynamics, 22, 87-105.

Lawrence, D.M. and J.M. Slingo, 2004: An annual cycle of vegetation in a GCM. Part II:  Global impacts on climate and hydrologyClimate Dynamics, 22, 107-122.

The GLACE Team, Randal D.Koster, Paul A. Dirmeyer, Zhichang Guo, Gordon Bonan, Edmond Chan, Peter Cox, C. T. Gordon, Shinjiro Kanae, Eva Kowalczyk, David Lawrence, Ping Liu, Cheng-Hsuan Lu, Sergey Malyshev, Bryant McAvaney, Ken Mitchell, David Mocko, Taikan Oki, Keith Oleson, Andrew Pitman, Y. C. Sud, Christopher M. Taylor, Diana Verseghy, Ratko Vasic, Yongkang Xue, and Tomohito Yamada, 2004:Regions of strong coupling between soil moisture and precipitationScience, 305, 1138-1140.

Osborne, T. M., D. M. Lawrence, J. M. Slingo, A. J. Challinor and T. R. Wheeler, 2004: Influence of vegetation on the local climate and hydrology in the tropics: sensitivity to soil parametersClimate Dynamics, 23, 45-61.

Webster, P.J., E.F. Bradley, C.E. Fairall, J.S. Godfrey, P. Hacker, R. Lukas, Y. Serra, R.A. Houze Jr., J.M. Humman, D.M. Lawrence, C.A. Russell, M.N. Ryan, K. Sahami, P. Zuidema, 2002: The Joint Air-Sea Monsoon Interaction Experiment (JASMINE): Exploring intraseasonal variability in the south Asian monsoonBull. Am. Met. Soc., 83, 1603-163

Lawrence, D.M. and P.J. Webster, 2002: The boreal summer Intraseasonal Oscillation: Relationship between northward and eastward movement of convectionJ. Atmos. Sci., 59, 1593-1606.

Lawrence, D.M. and P.J. Webster, 2001: Interannual variations of the Intraseasonal Oscillation in the south Asian summer monsoon region. J. Climate, 14, 2910-2922.

Han, W., D.M. Lawrence, and P.J. Webster, 2001: Dynamic response of equatorial Indian Ocean to intraseasonal winds: Zonal flow.  Geophys. Res. Let., 28, 4215-4218.