Broadly within the field of dynamical oceanography, particularly problems concerning large-scale ocean circulation. Studies have been made or are going on in the following areas:
- 1. The role of the ocean in climate change.
- 2. The role of eddies in the oceanic general circulation
- 3. The instability of the Gulf Stream
- 4. Tracer distributions and their relationship to the general ocean circulation
- 5. Wind and thermohaline driven ocean circulation
- 6. Coupled models of air--sea interaction
- 7. Satellite data assimilation into ocean circulation models
Background: Education and Employment
1956-1960: Student, University of California, Los Angeles. Major field: physics
1960: A.B. Degree in Physics (with honors), UCLA, Phi Beta Kappa
1960-1961: Graduate Student, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Meteorology. Ford Foundation Fellow studying oceanography. M.S. Degree, MIT. Advisor: Henry Stommel. Title of thesis: "Vertical Motion in the Atlantic Circulation Pattern."
1961-1966: Graduate Student, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego. Ph.D. Degree, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego. Thesis: "Wind-Driven Circulation in an Ocean with Bottom Topography."
1966-1967: National Science Foundation Fellow, Department of Applied Mathematics, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK. Carried out laboratory and numerical experiments on flow of a homogeneous fluid in rotating tanks of variable depth. Advisor: Dr. John Elder.
1967-1974: Research Oceanographer, Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, NOAA. Princeton University Faculty. Duties involved teaching courses and guiding student research in the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Program.
1974-1979: Research Oceanographer and Section Head, Oceanography Section, National Center for Atmospheric Research.
1979-1994: Senior Scientist and Section Head, Oceanography Section, NCAR.
1994-1996: Senior Scientist and Co-Director, Climate System Modeling project, NCAR.
1996-1998: Senior Scientist, NCAR.
1998-present: Senior Research Associate, NCAR.
Honors and Awards
Ford Foundation Fellowship, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1960.
Sverdrup Fellowship, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 1961-1964.
National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship, Cambridge University, 1966-1967.
Fellow, American Meteorological Society, 1991.
University Experience and Involvement
1. National Center for Atmospheric Research, August 1974-present. Has acted in an advisory capacity to university students doing research at NCAR and has served as the thesis advisor for a number Ph.D. candidates: Dr. D. Haidvogel, MIT, 1976; Dr. Mary Batteen, Oregon State University, 1983; Dr. James C. Evans, Florida State University, 1983; Dr. Antonietta Capotondi, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1993; Dr. John Schultz, Florida State University, 1994.
2. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, September 1971-January 1972. Visiting research oceanographer. Taught graduate course on "Numerical Models of Ocean Circulation."
3. Princeton University, September 1971-June 1974. Visiting Lecturer, Department of Geology and Geophysics. Taught one graduate oceanography course per year. Served on faculty committees, as a member of several thesis committees, and as the thesis advisor for one Ph.D. Candidate (Dr. L.B. Lin, Princeton University, 1974).
4.}Scripps Institution of Oceanography, September-December 1977. Visiting Research Oceanographer. Presented series of lectures on various aspects of large-scale ocean circulation.
5. University of Cambridge, September-December 1983. Senior Visiting Fellow, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics.
6. Sabbatical, CSIRO Marine Laboratories, Hobart, Tasmania, January-June, 1984.
7. Adjunct Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-present.
8. Collaborative leave, University of Hawaii, January-May, 1989.
9. Adjunct Researcher, University of Colorado, 1990-present. Served on the thesis committees for a number of University of Colorado graduate students: Greg Jacobs (Ph.D. 1991); Carol Anne Clayson (Ph.D. 1995); Todd Arbettor and Doug Engelhart (Ph.D. 1996).
10. Visiting Committee, Physical Oceanography Department, WHOI, March, 1992.
11. Collaborative leave, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, October 1993-February 1994.
12. Sabbatical, Center for Climate System Research, University of Tokyo, November 1995-May 1996.