OS People

Matthew Long


  • Modeling ocean ecosystems and biogeochemistry
  • Interactions between ocean physics and biology
  • Global carbon cycle
  • Ocean tracers and stable isotope biogeochemistry
  • Impacts of climate change on ecosystems and biogeochemistry


  • 2010 ,Ph.D., Oceanography, Stanford University
  • 2000, M.S., Environmental Engineering (Hydrology), Tufts University
  • 1998, B.S., Environmental Engineering, Tufts University


    Stephens, B. B., M. C. Long, R. F. Keeling, E. A. Kort, C. Sweeney, and others, The O2/N2 Ratio and CO2 Airborne Southern Ocean (ORCAS) Study, 2017: Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0206.1.

    *Rohr, T., M. C. Long, M. T. Kavanaugh, K. Lindsay, and S. C. Doney, 2017: Variability in the mechanisms controlling Southern Ocean phytoplankton bloom phenology in an ocean model and satellite observations, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 10.1002/2016GB005615.

    Ito, T., S. Minobe, M. C. Long, and C. Deutsch, 2017: Upper Ocean O2 trends: 1958-2015, Geophy. Res. Lett., 10.1002/2017GL073613.

    *Eddebbar, Y. A., M. C. Long, L. Resplandy, C. Rödenbeck, K. B. Rodgers, M. Manizza, and R. F. Keeling, 2017, Impacts of enso on air-sea oxygen exchange: observations and mechanisms, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 10.1002/2017gb005630.

    Henson, S., C. Beaulieu, T. Ilyina, J. John, M. C. Long, R. Seferian, J. Tjiputra, and J. Sarmiento, 2017: Rapid emergence of climate change in environmental drivers of marine ecosystem stress. Nature Communications, 8, 10.1038/NCOMMS14682.

    *Krumhardt, K. M., N. S. Lovenduski, M. C. Long, and K. Lindsay, 2017: Avoidable impacts of ocean warming on marine primary production: Insights from the CESM ensembles. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 30, 10.1002/2016GB005528,. {pdf 7.4M}

    *Asher, E. C., J. W. H. Dacey, M. Stukel, M. C. Long, and P. D. Tortell, 2016: Processes driving seasonal variability in DMS, DMSP, and DMSO concentrations and turnover in coastal Antarctic waters. Limnol. Oceanogr., 10.1002/lno.10379. {pdf 848K}

    Lovenduski, N. S., G. A. McKinley, A. R. Fay, K. Lindsay, and M. C. Long, 2016: Partitioning uncertainty in ocean carbon uptake projections: Internal variability, emission scenario, and model structure. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 30, 1276-1287, 10.1002/2016GB005426. {pdf 5.2M}

    Nevison, C. D.,M. Manizza, R. F. Keeling, B. B. Stephens, J. D. Bent, J. Dunne, T. Ilyina, M. C. Long, L. Resplandy, J. Tjiputra, S. Yukimoto, 2016: Evaluating CMIP5 ocean biogeochemistry and Southern Ocean carbon uptake using atmospheric potential oxygen: Present-day performance and future projection, Geophy. Res. Lett., 43, 2077-2085, 10.1002/2015GL067584.

    Long, M. C., C. A. Deutsch, and T. Ito, 2016: Finding forced trends in oceanic oxygen. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 30, 381-397, 10.1002/2015GB005310. {pdf 9.9M}

    Bishop, S. P., P. R. Gent, F. O. Bryan, A. F. Thompson, M. C. Long, and R. Abernathy, 2016: Southern Ocean Overturning Compensation in an Eddy-Resolving Climate Simulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 46 (5), 10.1175/JPO-D-15-0177.1. {pdf 21M}

    McKinley, G. A., D. J. Pilcher, A. R. Fay, K. Lindsay, M. C. Long, and N. Lovenduski, 2016: Timescales for detection of trends in the ocean carbon sink. Nature, 530, 469-472, 10.1038/nature16958.

    Farneti, R., et al., 2015: An assessment of Antarctic Circumpolar Current and Southern Ocean Meridional Overturning Circulation sensitivity during 1958-2007 in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations. Ocean Modelling, 10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.07.009. {pdf 7.4M}

    Long, M. C., K. Lindsay, and M. M. Holland, 2015: Modeling photosynthesis in sea ice covered waters. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 07 (3), 1189-1206, 10.1002/2015MS000436. {pdf 2.1M}

    Lovenduski, N. S., M. C. Long, and K. Lindsay, 2015: Natural variability in the surface ocean carbonate ion concentration. Biogeosci., 12, 6321-6335, 10.5194/bg-12-6321-2015. {pdf 3.7M}

    Ito, T., A. Bracco, C. Deutsch, H. Frenzel, M. C. Long, and Y. Takano, 2015: Sustained growth of the Southern Ocean carbon storage in a warming climate. Geophy. Res. Lett., 42, 10.1002/2015GL064320. {pdf 644K}

    Burd, A. B., S. Frey, A. Cabre, T. Ito, N.M. Levine, C. Lønborg, M. C. Long, M. Mauritz, R. Q Thomas, B. Stevens, T. Vanwalleghem, N. Zeng, 2015: Terrestrial and marine perspectives on modeling organic matter degradation pathways and controls. Global Change Biology, 10.1111/gcb.12987. {pdf 800K}

    Downes, S. M., et al., 2015: An assessment of Southern Ocean water masses and sea ice during 1988-2007 in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations. Ocean Modelling, 10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.07.022. {pdf 16M}

    Doney, S. C., L. Bopp, and M. C. Long, 2014: Historical and future trends in ocean climate and biogeochemistry. Oceanogr., 27 (1), 109-119, 10.5670/oceanog.2014.14. {pdf 1.4M}

    Lindsay, K., G. Bonan, S. C. Doney, F. Hoffman, D. M. Lawrence, M. C. Long, N. Mahowald, J. K. Moore, J. T. Randerson, and P. E. Thornton., 2014: Preindustrial control and 20th Century experiments with the earth system model CESM1-(BGC). J. Clim., 27 (24), 8981-9005, 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00565.1. {pdf 3.0M}

    Moore, J. K., K. Lindsay, S. C. Doney, M. C. Long, and K. Misumi, 2013: Marine ecosystem dynamics and biogeochemical cycling in the community earth system model [CESM1(BGC)]: Comparison of the 1990s with the 2090s under the RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios. J. Clim., 26 (23), 9291-9312, 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00566.1. {pdf 4.2M}

    Lovenduski, N. S., M. C. Long, P. R. Gent, and K. Lindsay, 2013: Multi-decadal trends in the advection and mixing of natural carbon in the Southern Ocean. Geophy. Res. Lett., 40 (1), 139-142, 10.1029/2012GL054483. {pdf 700K}

    Smith, W. O., S. Tozzi, M. C. Long, P. S. Sedwick, G. R. DiTullio, J. A. Peloquin, R. B. Dunbar, D. A. Hutchins, Z. Kolber, 2013: Spatial and temporal variations in variable fluoresence in the Ross Sea (Antarctica): Oceanographic correlates and bloom dynamics. Deep Sea Res., 79, 141-155, 10.1016/j.dsr.2013.05.002. {pdf 12M}

    Hurrell, J. W., M. M. Holland, P. R. Gent, S. Ghan, J. E. Kay, P. J. Kushner, J.-F. Lamarque, W. G. Large, D. Lawrence, K. Lindsay, W. H. Lipscomb, M. C. Long, N. Mahowald, D. R. Marsh, R. B. Neale, P. Rasch, S. Vavrus, M. Vertenstein, D. Bader, W. D. Collins, J. J. Hack, J. Kiehl, S. Marshall, 2013: The Community Earth System Model: A framework for collaborative research. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00121.1. {pdf 1.7M}

    Long, M. C., K. Lindsay, S. Peacock, J. K. Moore, and S. C. Doney, 2013: Twentieth-Century Oceanic Carbon Uptake and Storage in CESM1(BGC). J. Clim., 26 (18), 6775-6800, 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00184.1. {pdf 27M}

    Long, M. C., L. N. Thomas, and R. B. Dunbar, 2012: Control of phytoplankton bloom inception in the Ross Sea, Antarctica, by Ekman restratification. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 26 (1), GB1006, 10.1029/2010GB003982. {pdf 2.8M}

    Tortell, P. D., M. C. Long, C. D. Payne, A.-C. Alderkamp, P. Dutrieux, and K. R. Arrigo, 2012: Spatial distribution of pCO2, ∆O2/Ar and dimethylsulfide (DMS) in polynya waters and the sea ice zone of the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica. Deep Sea Res., 71, 77-93, 10.1016/j.dsr2.2012.03.010. {pdf 3.4M}

    Sedwick, P. N., C. M. Marsay, B. M. Sohst, A. M Aguilar-Islas, M. C. Lohan, M. C. Long, K. R. Arrigo, R. B. Dunbar, M. A. Saito, W. O. Smith, G. R. DiTullio, 2011: Early season depletion of dissolved iron in the Ross Sea polynya: Implications for iron dynamics on the Antarctic continental shelf. J. Geophys. Res., 116, C12019, 10.1029/2010JC006553. {pdf 10.0M}

    Tortell, P. D., C. Guéguen, M. C. Long, C. D. Payne, P. Lee, and G. R. DiTullio, 2011: Spatial variability and temporal dynamics of surface water pCO2, ∆O2/Ar, and dimethylsulfide in the Ross Sea, Antarctic. Deep Sea Res., 58 (3), 241-259, 10.1016/j.dsr.2010.12.006. {pdf 3.0M}

    Berg, G. M., M. M. Mills, M. C. Long and R. Bellerby, V. Strass, N. Savoye, R. Röttgers, P. L. Croot, A. Webb, and K. R. Arrigo, 2011: Variation in particulate C and N isotope composition following iron fertilization in two successive phytoplankton communities in the Southern Ocean. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 25, GB3013, 10.1029/2010GB003824. {pdf 1.3M}

    Long, M. C., R. B. Dunbar, P. D. Tortell, W. O. Smith, D. A. Mucciarone, and G. R. DiTullio, 2011: Vertical structure, seasonal drawdown, and net community production in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. J. Geophys. Res., 116 (C10029), 10.1029/2009JC005954. {pdf 7.1M}

    Feng, Y., C.E. Hare, J.M. Rose, S.M. Handy, G.R. DiTullio, P.A. Lee, W.O. Smith Jr., J. Peloquin, S. Tozzi, J. Sun, Y. Zhang, R.B. Dunbar, M. C. Long, B. Sohst, M. Lohan, and D.A. Hutchins, 2010: Interactive effects of iron, irradiance and CO2 on Ross Sea phytoplankton. Deep Sea Res., 57, 368-383, 10.1016/j.dsr.2009.10.013. {pdf 500K}

    Munro, D. R., R. B. Dunbar, D. A. Mucciarone, K. R. Arrigo, and M. C. Long, 2010: Stable isotope composition of dissolved inorganic carbon and particulate organic carbon in sea ice from the Ross Sea, Antarctica. J. Geophys. Res., 115 (C9), C09005, 10.1029/2009JC005661. {pdf 848K}

    Tortell, P. D. and M. C. Long, 2009: Spatial and temporal variability of biogenic gases during the Southern Ocean spring bloom. Geophy. Res. Lett., 36, L01603, 10.1029/2008GL035819. {pdf 3.4M}

    Rose, J. M., Y. Feng, Y., G. R. DiTullio, R. B. Dunbar, C. E. Hare, P. A. Lee, M. Lohan, M. C. Long, W. O. Smith Jr., B. Sohst, S. Tozzi, Y. Zhang, and D. A. Hutchins, 2009: Synergistic effects of iron and temperature on Antarctic plankton assemblages. Biogeosci., 6 (12), 3131-3147, 10.5194/bg-6-3131-2009. {pdf 524K}

    Arrigo, K. R., G. van Dijken, and M. C. Long, 2008: Coastal Southern Ocean: A strong anthropogenic CO2 sink. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L21602, 10.1029/2008GL035624. {pdf 1.3M}


    DiNezio, P. N., L. Barbero, M. C. Long, N. Lovenduski, and C. Deser, 2015: Anthropogenic changes in the tropical ocean carbon cycle masked by Pacific Decadal Variability? US-CLIVAR Variations, 13 (2). {pdf 1.3M}

    Bracco, A., M. C. Long, N. M. Levine, R. Q. Thomas, C. Deutsch, and G. A. McKinley, 2015: NCAR's Summer Colloquium: Capacity building in Cross-disciplinary Research of Earth System Carbon-climate Connections. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00246.1. {pdf 492K}

    Thomas, R. Q., G. A. McKinley, and M. C. Long, 2013: Examining uncertainties in representations of the carbon cycle in Earth system models. Eos, 94 (48), 460-460, 10.1002/2013EO480006.

    Long, M. C., 2010: Upper ocean physical and ecological dynamics in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Ph.D. thesis, Stanford University.

    Long, M. C.. Climate driving of marine ecosystem changes: a perspective on physical-biological coupling. IMBER Update, newsletter of Integrated Marine Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Research, 2007.

CGD People

Matthew Long
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