VEMAP References

Primary References: VEMAP | VEMAP Phase 1 | VEMAP Phase 2

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Primary VEMAP References:

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VEMAP Members (J.M. Melillo, J. Borchers, J. Chaney, H. Fisher, S. Fox, A. Haxeltine, A. Janetos, D.W. Kicklighter, T.G.F. Kittel, A.D. McGuire, R. McKeown, R. Neilson, R. Nemani, D.S. Ojima, T. Painter, Y. Pan, W.J. Parton, L. Pierce, L. Pitelka, C. Prentice, B. Rizzo, N.A. Rosenbloom, S. Running, D.S. Schimel, S. Sitch, T. Smith, I. Woodward). 1995.
Vegetation/Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project (VEMAP): Comparing biogeography and biogeochemistry models in a continental-scale study of terrestrial ecosystem responses to climate change and CO2 doubling. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 9(4): 407-437.

Primary VEMAP Phase 1 References:

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VEMAP Members (J.M. Melillo, J. Borchers, J. Chaney, H. Fisher, S. Fox, A. Haxeltine, A. Janetos, D.W. Kicklighter, T.G.F. Kittel, A.D. McGuire, R. McKeown, R. Neilson, R. Nemani, D.S. Ojima, T. Painter, Y. Pan, W.J. Parton, L. Pierce, L. Pitelka, C. Prentice, B. Rizzo, N.A. Rosenbloom, S. Running, D.S. Schimel, S. Sitch, T. Smith, I. Woodward). 1995.
Vegetation/Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project (VEMAP): Comparing biogeography and biogeochemistry models in a continental-scale study of terrestrial ecosystem responses to climate change and CO2 doubling. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 9(4): 407-437.

Rosenbloom, N., and T.G.F. Kittel.  1996.
A Userís Guide to the VEMAP Phase I Database. NCAR Technical Note NCAR/TN-431+IA, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO. 53 pp. ON-LINE DOCUMENT

Kittel, T.G.F, N.A. Rosenbloom, T.H. Painter, D.S. Schimel, and VEMAP Modeling Participants.  1995.
The VEMAP integrated database for modeling United States ecosystem/vegetation sensitivity to climate change. Journal of Biogeography. 22(4-5):857-862. ABSTRACT

Primary VEMAP Phase 2 References:

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Schimel, D., J. Melillo, H. Tian, A.D. McGuire, D. Kicklighter, T. Kittel, N. Rosenbloom, S. Running, P. Thornton, D. Ojima, W. Parton, R. Kelly, M. Sykes, R. Neilson, and B. Rizzo.  2000. 
Contribution of increasing CO2 and climate to carbon storage by ecosystems of the United States.  Science 287:2004-2006. ABSTRACT

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Bachelet, D., J.M. Lenihan, R. Drapek, and VEMAP2 Participants.  1999.

Preliminary results from vegetation dynamic models in VEMAP Phase 2: Vegetation distribution and associated C pools from 1895 to 2100. IAMAS Symposium on Improvements and Intercomparisons of Climate System Models and Their Component Models. IUGG99 22nd General Assembly, Birmingham, UK, 18-30 July 1999. Page A252, in IUGG 99 Birmingham Abstracts. Invited paper.

Bachelet, D., R.P. Neilson, J.M. Lenihan, R.J. Drapek, and VEMAP Data Group.  2000.
Impacts of climate change and fire frequency on soil carbon. American Geophysical Union Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, 30 May-3 June 2000. Eos 81 (19, Suppl.):S80.  Abstract.

Cienciala, E., T.G.F. Kittel, K.A. Hibbard, S.W. Running, H. Fisher, and VEMAP Members.  1996.
Water balance of the VEMAP biogeochemistry and biogeography models: II. Sensitivity to altered climate, CO2, and vegetation distribution. American Geophysical Union Spring Meeting, Baltimore, May 20-24, 1996. Eos 77(7):S115.
Drapek, R.J., R.P. Neilson, D. Bachelet, J.M. Lenihan, and VEMAP Members.  2000.
MC1 LAI and vegetation carbon output compared with its progenitor models and with new satellite LAI estimates.   p. 268, in: The Ecological Society of America 85th Annual Meeting, August 6-10, 2000, Snowbird, Utah.  The Ecological Society of America, Washington, DC. Abstract.

Drapek, R.J., R.P. Neilson, and VEMAP Participants.  1996.
Continental scale leaf area index simulation: VEMAP model intercomparisons. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Providence, RI, Aug 1996. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77(3, Supplement, Part 2):118.

Gordon, W S, J.S. Famiglietti, K.A. Hibbard, T.G. Kittel.  1999.
Terrestrial ecosystem model validation using streamflow data: Preliminary analyses of VEMAP Phase 2 model experiments. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Dec 12-17, 1998. Eos 80 (45, Supplement):Fxx, in press.

Gordon, W.S., J.S. Famiglietti, K.A. Hibbard, T.G.F. Kittel, and VEMAP Members.  2000.
The response of streamflow to climate change over the conterminous U.S.: Preliminary analyses using VEMAP Phase 2 model experiments. 15th Conference on Hydrology, AMS Annual Meeting, 9–14 January 2000 in Long Beach, California. Abstract.
Hibbard, K., and T. Kittel.  1999.
Runoff in the Vegetation/Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project (VEMAP) comparison with observed streamflow. IAHS Global Data Bases Workshop, IUGG99 22nd General Assembly, Birmingham, UK, 18-30 July 1999. Page 12, in IUGG99 Abstracts - HW1 (supplement).

Hibbard, K.A., S.W. Running, E. Cienciala, T.G.F. Kittel, H. Fisher, and VEMAP Members.  1996.
Water balance of the VEMAP biogeochemistry and biogeography models: I. Comparisons with observed data. American Geophysical Union Spring Meeting, Baltimore, May 20-24, 1996. Eos 77(17):S114-115

Kittel, T.G.F., D. Nychka, N. Rosenbloom, S. Aulenbach, C. Kaufman, D. Yates, D. Schimel, D. Ojima, C. Daly, J.A. Royle, and VEMAP Members.  2000.
Once and future climates of the conterminous United States:  Spatial-temporal variability in the VEMAP2 historical and scenario bioclimate dataset.  p. 134, in: The Ecological Society of America 85th Annual Meeting, August 6-10, 2000, Snowbird, Utah.  The Ecological Society of America, Washington, DC. Abstract.

Kittel, T.G.F., N.A. Rosenbloom, T.H. Painter, D.S. Schimel, H.H. Fisher, A.W. Grimsdell, and VEMAP Participants.  1995, 1996, 1998.
The VEMAP Ecological Model Input Database for the United States.  Dataset and documentation.  First released 1995, revised 1996 on the web at NCAR at <http://www.cgd.ucar.edu/vemap/>, and at ORNL DAAC 1998: <http://www-eosdis.ornl.gov/VEMAP/vemap.html>)

Kittel, T.G.F, N.A. Rosenbloom, T.H. Painter, D.S. Schimel, and VEMAP Modeling Participants.  1995.
The VEMAP integrated database for modeling United States ecosystem/vegetation sensitivity to climate change. Journal of Biogeography. 22(4-5):857-862. ABSTRACT

Kittel, T.G.F., N.A. Rosenbloom, D.S. Schimel, T.H. Painter, H.H. Fisher, A.W. Grimsdell, and VEMAP Modeling Participants.  1995.
A bioclimatic, soils, and land cover database for simulation of U.S. ecosystem/vegetation responses to global change: The VEMAP dataset. In: IUGG XXI General Assembly, Boulder, CO, July 2-14 1995. Abstracts, p. A200.

Kittel, T.G.F., J.A. Royle, C. Daly, N.A. Rosenbloom, W.P. Gibson, H.H. Fisher, D.S. Schimel, L.M. Berliner, and VEMAP2 Participants.  1997.
A gridded historical (1895-1993) bioclimate dataset for calibration of proxy climate records and ecological modeling for the conterminous United States. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, Union Special Session on "Five Centuries of Climate Change: Cross Calibration of Instrumental and Proxy Records," San Francisco, CA, Dec 8-12, 1997. Eos 78(46):F37.

Kittel, T.G.F., D.S. Schimel, H.H. Fisher, N.A. Rosenbloom, and VEMAP2 Participants.  1998.
VEMAP Phase 2 Gridded Transient Bioclimate Change Scenarios for Modeling United States Ecosystem Sensitivity to Altered Climate. On ftp site and tape; selected data for U.S. National Assessment available on the web at <http://www.cgd.ucar.edu/naco/data.html?>. ANIMATIONS: <http://www.cgd.ucar.edu/vemap/animations/index.html>

Kittel, T., D. Schimel, N. Rosenbloom, and H. Fisher.  1998.
U.S. climate and ecological data available on CD-ROM and online. Eos 79:47.

McKeown, R., D.S. Ojima, T.G.F. Kittel, D.S. Schimel, and W.J. Parton.  1995.
Integrated earth system studies: Joint research efforts of global change. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Snowbird, UT, Aug 1995. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 76 (2, Supplement):178.

Neilson R.P., D. Bachelet, J.M. Lenihan, R.J. Drapek, and VEMAP Members.  2000. 
The VEMAP models and potentially complex biosphere-atmosphere feedbacks:  Is there a threshold global temperature increase shifting the biosphere from negative to positive feedback with the climate system?  American Geophysical Union Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, 30 May-3 June 2000. Eos 81 (19, Suppl.):S16.  Abstract.

Ojima, D.S., D.S. Schimel, R. McKeown, T.G.F. Kittel, and W.J. Parton.  1995.
Ecosystem dynamics and carbon storage for the continental United States. In: IUGG XXI General Assembly, Boulder, CO, July 2-14 1995. Abstracts, vol. B.

Ojima, D.S., D.S. Schimel, W.J. Parton, S.A. Denning, N.P. Hanan, and VEMAP Members.  2000. 
Observational constraints on regional carbon modeling.  Joint Session on Biogeophysics of Land Cover Change, American Geophysical Union Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, 30 May-3 June 2000. Eos 81 (19, Suppl.):S75.  Abstract.  Invited.

Pan, Y., A.D. McGuire, D.W. Kicklighter, and J.M. Melillo.  1996.
The importance of climate and soils on estimates of net primary production: A sensitivity analysis with the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model. Global Change Biology 2: 5-23.

Rosenbloom, N., and T.G.F. Kittel.  1996.
A Userís Guide to the VEMAP Phase I Database. NCAR Technical Note NCAR/TN-431+IA, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO. 53 pp. ON-LINE DOCUMENT

Rosenbloom, N.A., T.G.F. Kittel, R. McKeown, D.S. Schimel, and VEMAP Modeling Participants.  1995.
The importance of topographic effects in a gridded bioclimatology for scaling ecological models. Special session on Scaling Land-Atmosphere Processes from Leaf to Canopy, 1995 American Geophysical Union Spring Meeting, May 1995, Baltimore, MD. Eos 76(17):S126.

Rosenbloom, N.A., T.G.F. Kittel, T.H. Painter, D.S. Schimel, and VEMAP Modeling Participants.  1994.
A physically-consistent database for simulation of U.S. ecosystem/vegetation responses to global change: The VEMAP dataset. Special session on Continental-Scale Hydrology-Climate Interaction, 1994 American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, Dec. 1994, San Francisco. Eos 75(44, Supplement):219.

Schimel, D., J. Melillo, H. Tian, A.D. McGuire, D. Kicklighter, T. Kittel, N. Rosenbloom, S. Running, P. Thornton, D. Ojima, W. Parton, R. Kelly, M. Sykes, R. Neilson, and B. Rizzo.  2000. 
Contribution of increasing CO2 and climate to carbon storage by ecosystems of the United States.  Science 287:2004-2006. ABSTRACT

Schimel, D.S., S. Running, and VEMAP Participants.  2000.
Carbon sinks in the United States.  Union Session on The Integrated Carbon Cycle, American Geophysical Union Spring Meeting, Washington, DC, 30 May-3 June 2000. Eos 81 (19, Suppl.):S15.  Abstract.  Invited.

Schimel, D.S., VEMAP Participants and B.H. Braswell.  1997.
Continental scale variability in ecosystem processes: Models, data, and the role of disturbance. Ecological Monographs 67: 251-271.

Tian, H., S. Running, J. Melillo, R. Neilson, W. Parton, D. Ojima, T. Kittel, M. Sykes, and A. McGuire.  2000. 
Carbon storage in the US 1895-1993.  p. 219, in: The Ecological Society of America 85th Annual Meeting, August 6-10, 2000, Snowbird, Utah.  The Ecological Society of America, Washington, DC. Abstract.

Thornton, P.E., S.W. Running, and VEMAP Members.  2000. 
Relationship between decadal anomalies in climate and model-estimated AET, NPP, total carbon, and net ecosystem carbon exchange, 1895-1993: Results from VEMAP Phase 2.   p. 218, in: The Ecological Society of America 85th Annual Meeting, August 6-10, 2000, Snowbird, Utah.  The Ecological Society of America, Washington, DC.   Abstract.

Thornton, P.E., D.S. Schimel, and VEMAP2 Participants.  1999.
Predicted NPP, NEE, and carbon stocks for historic (1895-1994) and potential future climate scenarios over the contiguous United States: an intercomparison of terrestrial biogeochemistry model results from VEMAP Phase 2. IAMAS Symposium on Improvements and Intercomparisons of Climate System Models and Their Component Models. IUGG99 22nd General Assembly, Birmingham, UK, 18-30 July 1999. Page A252, in IUGG 99 Birmingham Abstracts. Invited paper.

VEMAP Members (J.M. Melillo, J. Borchers, J. Chaney, H. Fisher, S. Fox, A. Haxeltine, A. Janetos, D.W. Kicklighter, T.G.F. Kittel, A.D. McGuire, R. McKeown, R. Neilson, R. Nemani, D.S. Ojima, T. Painter, Y. Pan, W.J. Parton, L. Pierce, L. Pitelka, C. Prentice, B. Rizzo, N.A. Rosenbloom, S. Running, D.S. Schimel, S. Sitch, T. Smith, I. Woodward).  1995.
Vegetation/Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project (VEMAP): Comparing biogeography and biogeochemistry models in a continental-scale study of terrestrial ecosystem responses to climate change and CO2 doubling. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 9(4): 407-437

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