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animationAiguo Dai's Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Articles (total citiations: 9225, H-index = 48 as of January 2014 according to Google Scholar):

Dr. Dai moved to SUNY, Albany in Fall 2012. Please visit his page at SUNY, Albany

     Years 2013-2014: 

1.     Covey, C., A. Dai, R. S. Lindzen, and D. March, 2014: Atmospheric tides in the latest generation of climate models. J. Atmos. Sci., being revised.

2.     Rasmussen, R., K. Ikeda, C. Liu,  D. Gochis,  M. Clark, A. Dai, E. Gutmann, J. Dudhia, F. Chen, M. Barlage, and D. Yates, 2014: Impacts of climate change on the water balance of the Colorado headwaters: High resolution regional climate model simulations. J. Hydrometeorol., revised.


3.     Luo, D., L. Zhong, J. Cha, and A. Dai, 2014: A nonlinear multi-scale interaction model for atmospheric blocking: The eddy-blocking matching mechanism.  Q. J. Roy.Meteorol. Soc., revised. 


4.     Trenberth, K.E., A. Dai, G. van der Schrier, P.D. Jones, J. Barichivich*, K.R. Briffa, and J. Sheffield, 2014: Global warming and changes in drought. Nature Climate Change, 4, 17-22.

5.     Dai, A., H. Li, Y. Sun, L.-C. Hong*, LinHo, C. Chou, and T. Zhou, 2013: The relative roles of upper and lower tropospheric thermal contrasts and tropical influences in driving Asian summer monsoons.  J. Geophys. Res.-Atmospheres, 118, 7024-7045, doi:10.1002/jgrd.205065.

6.     Wang, J., L. Zhang, A. Dai, F. Immler, M. Sommer, and H. Vömel, 2013: Radiation dry bias correction of Vaisala RS92 humidity data and its impacts on historical radiosonde data. J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech. 30: 197-214.

7.     Dai, A., 2013: The influence of the Inter-decadal Pacific Oscillation on U.S. precipitation during 1923-2010. Climate Dynamics, 41: 633-646. DOI 10.1007/s00382-012-1446-5.

8.     Jia, B., Z. Xie, A. Dai, C. Shi, and F. Chen, 2013: Evaluation of satellite and reanalysis products of downward surface solar radiation over East Asia: Spatial and seasonal variations. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118: doi:10.1002/jgrd.50353.

9.     Dai, A., 2013: Increasing drought under global warming in observations and models. Nature Climate Change. 3: 52-58. doi:10.1038/nclimate1633, (available here).  

    Years 2011-2012:

10.  Dunn, R.H.J., K.M. Willett, P.W. Thorne, E.V. Woolley, I. Durre, A. Dai, D. E. Parker, and R.E. Vose, 2012: HadISD: A quality-controlled global synoptic report database for selected variables at long-term stations from 1973--2011. Clim. Past, 8, 1649–1678, doi: 10.5194/cp-8-1649-2012.

11.  Shiu, C.-J., S.C. Liu, S.C, C. Fu, A. Dai and Y. Sun, 2012: How much do precipitation extremes change in a warming climate? Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L17707, doi:10.1029/2012GL052762.  

12.  Bacmeister, J. T., P. H. Lauritzen, A. Dai and J. E. Truesdale, 2012: Assessing possible dynamical effects of condensate in high resolution climate simulations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L04806, doi:10.1029/2011GL050533.

13.  Zhao, T., A. Dai, and J. Wang, 2012: Trends in tropospheric humidity from 1970-2008 over China from a homogenized radiosonde dataset. J. Climate, 25: 4549-4567.

14.  Dai, A., 2011: Characteristics and trends in various forms of the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) during 1900-2008. J. Geophys. Res., 116, D12115, doi:10.1029/2010JD015541. (PDSI Data)

15.  Willett, K., A. Dai, and D. Berry, 2011: Surface humidity. In: State of the Climate in 2010. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 92, S40-S41.

16.  Wang, L., Q. Huang, A. Dai, Z. Guan, J. He, and Z. Wu, 2011: Inhomogeneous distributions of Meiyu rainfall in the Jiang-Huai basin, and associated circulation patterns. Climate Res., 50, 203-214.

17.  Monahan, A., Y. He, N. McFarlane, and A. Dai, 2011: The probability distribution of land surface wind speeds. J. Climate, 24: 3892-3909.

18.  Dai, A., J. Wang, P.W. Thorne, D.E. Parker, L. Haimberger, and X.L. Wang, 2011: A new approach to homogenize daily radiosonde humidity data. J. Climate, 24, 965-991.

19.  Covey, C., A. Dai, D. Marsh, and R. S. Lindzen, 2011: The surface-pressure signature in atmospheric tides in modern climate models. J. Atmos. Sci., 68: 495-514.

20.  Dai, A., 2011: Drought under global warming: A review. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 2, 45-65. DOI: 10.1002/wcc.81.

Years 2009-2010:

21.  Tian, X., Z. Xie, A. Dai, B. Jia, and C. Shi, 2010: A microwave land data assimilation system: Scheme and preliminary evaluation over China. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D21113, doi:10.1029/2010JD014370.

22.  Tian, X., Z. Xie, and A. Dai, 2010: An ensemble conditional nonlinear optimal perturbation approach: Formulation and applications to parameter calibration. Water Resour. Res., W09540, doi:10.1029/2009WR008508.

23.  Zhou, L., R. E. Dickinson, A. Dai, and P. Dirmeyer, 2010: Detection and attribution of anthropogenic forcing to diurnal temperature range changes from 1950 to 1999: Comparing multi-model simulations with observations. Climate Dynamics, 35, 1289-1307. (Paper)

24.  He, Y., A. H. Monahan, C. G. Jones, A. Dai, S. Biner, D. Caya, and K. Winger, 2010: Probability distributions of land surface wind speeds over North America, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D04103, doi:10.1029/2008JD010708. (Paper)

25.  Sun, Y., Y. Ding, and A. Dai, 2010: Changing links between South Asian summer monsoon circulation and tropospheric land-sea thermal contrasts under a warming scenario. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L02704, doi:10.1029/2009GL041662. (Paper)

26.  Li, H., A. Dai, T. Zhou, and J. Lu, 2010: Response of East Asian summer monsoon to historical SST and atmospheric forcing during 1950-2000. Climate Dynamics, 34, 501-514. doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0482-7. (Paper)

27.  Tian, X., Z. Xie , A. Dai , C. Shi , B. Jia , F. Chen , K. Yang, 2009: A dual-pass variational data assimilation framework for estimating soil moisture profiles from AMSR-E microwave brightness temperature. J. Geophys. Res., 114, D16102, doi:10.1029/2008JD011600. (Paper)

28.  Schubert, S., D. Gutzler, H. Wang, A. Dai, T. Delworth, C. Deser, K. Findell, R. Fu, W. Higgins, M. Hoerling, B. Kirtman, R. Koster, A. Kumar, D. Legler, D. Lettenmaier, B. Lyon, V. Magana, K. Mo, S. Nigam, P. Pegion, A. Phillips, R. Pulwarty, D. Rind, A. Ruiz-Barradas, J. Schemm, R. Seager, R. Stewart, M. Suarez, J. Syktus, M. Ting, C. Wang, S. Weaver, and N. Zeng, 2009: A USCLIVAR project to assess and compare the responses of global climate models to drought-related SST forcing patterns: Overview and results. J. Climate, 22, 5251-5272. (Paper)

29.  Dai, A., T. Qian, K. E. Trenberth, and J. D Milliman, 2009: Changes in continental freshwater discharge from 1948-2004. J. Climate, 22, 2773-2791. (Paper, Data. News)

30.  Zhou, L., R. E. Dickinson, P. Dirmeyer, A. Dai, and S.-K. Min, 2009: Spatiotemporal patterns of changes in maximum and minimum temperatures in IPCC AR4 multi-model simulations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L02702, doi:10.1029/2008GL036141. (Paper)

31.  Zhou, L. A. Dai, Y. Dai, R. S. Vose, C.-Z. Zou, Y. Tian, and H. Chen, 2009: Spatial Dependence of Diurnal Temperature RangeTrends on Precipitation from 1950 to 2004. Climate Dynamics, 32, 429-440 (Paper).

    Years 2007-2008:

32.  Tian X., Z. Xie and A. Dai, 2008, An ensemble-based explicit four-dimensional variational assimilation method. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D21124, doi:10.1029/2008JD010358. (Paper)

33.  Tian, X., Z. Xie, and A. Dai, 2008: A land surface soil moisture data assimilation system based on the dual-UKF method and the Community LandModel. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D14127, doi:10.1029/2007JD009650. (Paper)

34.  Dai, A., 2008: Temperature and pressure dependence of the rain-snow phase transition over land and ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L12802, doi:10.1029/2008GL033295 (Paper)

35.  Hobbins, M. T., A. Dai, M. L. Roderick, and G. D. Farquhar, 2008: Revisiting potential evapotranspiration parameterizations as drivers of long-term water balance trends. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L12403, doi:10.1029/2008GL033840 (Paper)

36.  Zhou, T., R. Yu, H. Chen, A. Dai, and Y. Pan, 2008: Summer precipitation frequency, intensity, and diurnal cycle over China : A comparison of satellite data with raingauge observations. J. Climate, 21, 3997-4010. (Paper)

37.  Oleson, K. W., G.-Y. Niu, Z.-L. Yang, D.M. Lawrence, P. E. Thornton, P.J. Lawrence, R. Stockli, R.E. Dickinson, G.B. Bonan, S. Levis, A. Dai and T. Qian, 2008: Improvements to the Community Land Model and their impact on the hydrological cycle. J. Geophys. Res., 113, G01021, doi:10.1029/2007JG000563. (Paper)

38.  Trenberth, K. E. and A. Dai, 2007: Effects of Mount Pinatubo volcanic eruption on the hydrological cycle as an analog of geoengineering. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L15702, doi:10.1029/2007GL030524. (Paper) (News)

39.  Dai, A., X. Lin, and K.-L. Hsu, 2007: The frequency, intensity, and diurnal cycle of precipitation in surface and satellite observations over low- and mid-latitudes. Climate Dynamics, 29, 727-744. (Paper)

40.  Tian, X., A. Dai, D. Yang, and Z. Xie, 2007: Effects of precipitation-bias corrections on surface hydrology over northern latitudes. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmospheres, 112, D14101, doi:10.029/2007JD008420. (Paper)

41.  Trenberth, K. E., L. Smith, T. Qian, A. Dai and J. Fasullo, 2007: Estimates of the global water budget and its annual cycle using observational and model data. J. Hydrometeorology8, 758-769. (Paper)

42.  Wang, J., L. Zhang, A. Dai, T. Van Hove, and J. Van Baelen, 2007: A near-global, 2-hourly data set of atmospheric precipitable water from ground-baded GPS measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 112, D11107, doi:10.1029/2006JD007529. (Paper)

43.  Sun, Y., S. Solomon, A. Dai, and R. Portmann, 2007: How often will it rain? J. Climate, 20, 4801-4818 (Paper)

44.  Qian, T., A. Dai, and K. E. Trenberth, 2007: Hydroclimatic Trends in the Mississippi River Basinfrom 1948-2004. J. Climate, 20, 4599-4614. (Paper) .

    Years 2005-2006:

45.  Qian, T., A. Dai, K. E. Trenberth, and K. W. Oleson, 2006: Simulation of global land surface conditions from 1948-2004. Part I: Forcing data and evaluation.  J. Hydrometeorology7, 953-975. (Paper, Dataset)

46.  Dai, A., 2006: Precipitation characteristics in eighteen coupled climate models. J. Climate, 19, 4605-4630. (Paper)

47.  Dai, A., 2006: Recent climatology, variability and trends in global surface humidity. J. Climate, 19, 3589-3606. (Paper)

48.  Rasch, P. J., M. J. Stevens, L. Ricciardulli, A. Dai, A. Negri, R. Wood, B. A. Boville, B. Eaton, and J. J. Hack, 2006: A characterization of tropical transient activity in the CAM3 atmospheric hydrologic cycle. J. Climate, 19, 2222-2242.(Paper)

49.  Sun, Y., S. Solomon, A. Dai, and R. Portmann, 2006: How often does it rain? J. Climate, 19, 916-934. (Paper)

50.  Liang, X.-Z., J. Pan, J. Zhu, K. E. Kunkel, J. X. L. Wang, and A. Dai, 2006: Regional climate model downscaling of the U.S. summer climate and future change. J. Geophys. Res., 111, D10108, doi: 10.1029/2005JD006685. (Paper)

51.  Dai, A., T. R. Karl, B. Sun, and K. E. Trenberth, 2006: Recent trends in cloudiness over the United States : A tale of monitoring inadequacies. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 87, 597-606. (Paper)

52.  Wang, J., L. Zhang, and A. Dai, 2005: Global estimates of water-vapor-weighted mean temperature of the atmosphere for GPS applications. J. Geophys. Res., 110, D21101, doi: 10.1029/2005JD006215. (Paper)

53.  Betts, A. K., J. H. Ball, P. Viterbo, A. Dai, and J. A. Marengo, 2005: Hydrometeorology of the Amazon in ERA-40. J. Hydrometeorology, 6, 764-774. (Paper).

54.  Dai, A., A. Hu, G. A. Meehl, W. M. Washington, and W. G. Strand, 2005: Atlantic thermohaline circulation in a coupled model: Unforced variations vs. forced changes. J. Climate, 18, 3270-3293. (Paper).

    Years 2003-2004:

55.  Dai, A., P. J. Lamb, K. E. Trenberth, M. Hulme, P. D. Jones, and P. Xie, 2004: The recent Sahel drought is real.  International Journal of Climatology, 24, 1323-13331.(Paper)

56.  Liang, X.-Z., L. Li, A. Dai, K. E. Kunkel, 2004: Regional climate model simulation of summer precipitation diurnal cycle over the United States. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L24208, doi:10.1029/2004GL021054. (Paper)

57.  Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth, and T. Qian, 2004: A global data set of Palmer Drought Severity Index for 1870-2002: Relationship with soil moisture and effects of surface warming. J. Hydrometeorology5, 1117-1130. (Paper) (PDSI data)

58.  Hu, A., G. A. Meehl, W. M. Washington, and A. Dai, 2004: Response of the Atlantic thermohaline circulation to increased atmospheric CO2 in a coupled model. J. Climate, 17,4267-4279.(Paper)

59.  Monahan, A.H. and A. Dai, 2004: The spatial and temporal structure of ENSO nonlinearity. J. Climate17, 3026-3036.(Paper)

60.  Dai,  A., and K. E. Trenberth, 2004: The diurnal cycle and its depiction in the Community Climate System Model. J. Climate17, 930-951.(Paper)

61.  Dai, A., W.M. Washington, G.A. Meehl, T.W. Bettge,and W.G. Strand, 2004: The ACPI climate change simulations. Climatic Change, 62, 29-43. (Paper)

62.  Trenberth, K. E., A. Dai, R. M. Rasmussen, and D. B. Parsons, 2003: The changing character of precipitation. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 84, 1205-1217. (Paper)

63.  Abarca del Rio,  R., D. Gambis, D., D. Salstein, P. Nelson, and A. Dai, 2003: Solar activity and earth rotation variability. J. Geodynamics,  36, 423-443. (Paper)

64.  Meehl, G. A., W. M. Washington, T. M. L. Wigley, J. M. Arblaster, and A. Dai,    2003: Solar and greenhouse gas forcing and climate response in the twentieth century. J. Climate16, 426-444. (Paper)

    Years 2001-2002:

65.  Dai,  A., and K. E. Trenberth,  2002: Estimates of freshwater discharge from continents: Latitudinal and seasonal variations. J. Hydrometeorol., 3, 660-687. (Paper, Data)

66.  Dai, A., J. Wang, R. H. Ware, and T. Van Hove, 2002: Diurnal variation in water vapor over North America and its implications for sampling errors in radiosonde humidity.  J. Geophys. Res., 107(D10), 4090, 10.1029/2001JD000642. (Paper)

67.  Dai,  A., T. M. L. Wigley, G. A. Meehl, and W. M. Washington,  2001: Effects of stabilizing atmospheric CO2 on global climate in the next two centuries. Geophys. Res. Lett. , 28, 4511-4514. (News, Paper)

68.  Dai, A., G.A. Meehl, W.M. Washington, T.M.L Wigley, and Julie M. Arblaster, 2001: Ensemble simulation of 21st century climate changes: business as usual vs. CO2 stabilization.  Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 82, 2377-2388. (Paper)

69.  Dai, A., G.A. Meehl, W.M. Washington, and T.M.L Wigley, 2001: Climate changes in the 21st century over the Asia-Pacific region simulated by the NCAR CSM and PCM.  Adv. Atmos. Sci.,18, 639-658. (Paper)

70.  Dai, A., 2001: Global precipitation and thunderstorm frequencies. Part I: Seasonal and interannual variations . J. Climate, 14, 1092-1111. (Abstract, Paper  Precip freq. data)

71.  Dai, A., 2001: Global precipitation and thunderstorm frequencies. Part II: Diurnal variations.  J. Climate, 14, 1112-1128. (Abstract, Paper)

72.  Dai, A., T.M.L. Wigley, B.A. Boville, J.T. Kiehl, and L.E. Buja, 2001: Climates of the 20th and 21st centuries simulated by the NCAR Climate System Model.  J. Climate, 14, 485-519. (Abstract, Paper)

    Years 1990-2000:

73.  Dai, A. and T. M. L. Wigley, 2000:  Global patterns of ENSO-induced  precipitation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 1283-1286. (Paper)

74.  Easterling, D.R., T.R. Karl, K.P. Gallo, D.A. Robinson, K.E. Trenberth, and  A. Dai, 2000, Observed climate variability and change of relevance to the biosphere. J. Geophys.  Res., 105, 20101-20114. (Paper)

75.  Dai, A. and C. Deser, 1999: Diurnal and semidiurnal variations in global surface wind and divergence fields. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 31109-31125. (Abstract, Paper)

76.  Dai, A. and J. Wang, 1999: Diurnal and semidiurnal tides in global surface pressure fields. J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 3874-3891.(Abstract, Paper )

77.  Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth, and T. R. Karl, 1999: Effects of clouds, soil moisture, precipitation and water vapor on diurnal temperature range. J. Climate, 12, 2451-2473. (Paper)

78.  Dai, A., 1999: Recent changes in the diurnal cycle of precipitation over the United States. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 341-344. (Paper )

79.  Dai, A., F. Giorgi, and K. E. Trenberth, 1999: Observed and model simulated precipitation diurnal cycle over the contiguous United States.J. Geophys. Res., 104, 6377-6402. (Abstract,) (Paper)

80.  Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth, and T. R. Karl, 1998: Global variations in droughts and wet spells: 1900-1995. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 3367-3370. ( Paper )(PDSI dataset) .

81.  Dai, A., I. Y. Fung, and A. D. Del Genio, 1997: Surface observed global land precipitation variations during 1900-1988. J. Climate, 10, 2943-2962. (Abstract, Paper, Precip. Data and News)   

82.  Dai, A., A. D. Del Genio, and I. Y. Fung, 1997: Clouds, precipitation, and temperature range. Nature, 386, 665-666. (Paper)

83.  Dai, A. and I. Fung, 1993: Can climate variability contribute to the "missing" CO2 sink? Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 7,599-609. (Abstract, Paper and News )

84.  Wassmann, R., H. Schutz, H. Papen, H. Rennenberg, W. Seiler, A. Dai, R. X. Shen, X. J. Shangguan, and M. X. Wang, 1993: Quantification of methane emissions from Chinese rice fields (Zhejiang Province) as influenced by fertilizer treatment. Biogeochemistry, 20, 83-101.

85.  Wang, M.-X., A. Dai,  J. Huang,  L.-X. Ren, R.-X. Shen, H. Schütz, W. Seiler, R. A. Rasmussen, and M.A.K. Khalil, 1993: Estimate on methane emission from China . Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 17,  49-62. (Paper)

86.  Dai, A., M.-X. Wang, R.-X. Shen, H. Schütz, W. Seiler, H. Rennenberg, and H.-B. Wu, 1991: Methane emission from a rice paddy in Hangzhou, China during a growing season of late rice. Scientia Atmospheria Sinica, 15, 102-110. (Paper)

87.  Wang, M.-X, A. Dai, R.-X. Shen, H. Schütz, W. Seiler, H. Rennenberg, and H.-B. Wu, 1990: Methane emission from a Chinese paddy field. Acta Meteorol. Sinica, 4, 265-275. (Paper)


Chapters in Books:

1.     Rasmusson, R., A. Dai and K. E Trenberth, 2007: Impact of climate change on precipitation. Chapter 16 of Large-scale Disasters, Prediction. Control and Mitigation. Mohamed Gad-el-Hak (Ed.), Cambridge Univ. Press, London . pp. 453-472.

2.     Trenberth, K. E., P. D. Jones, P. G. Ambenje, R. Bojariu, D. R. Easterling, A. M. G. Klein Tank, D. E. Parker, J. A. Renwick, F. Rahimzadeh, M. M. Rusticucci, B. J. Soden, P.-M. Zhai, and 65 contributing authors (including A. Dai), 2007: Observations: Surface and Atmospheric Climate Change. Chapter 3 of Climate Change 2007. The science of Climate Change. Contribution of WG 1 to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, and et al. (Eds). Cambridge UniversityPress, in Press.

3.     Meehl, G. A., W. M. Washington, T. M. L. Wigley, J. M. Arblaster, and A. Dai, 2004: Mechanisams of an intensified Hadley circulation in response to solar forcing in the 20th century. Chapter 17 In: The Hadley Circulation: Past, Present, and Future, H. Diaz and R. Bradley, Eds., Springer, pp. 489-511.

4.     Washington, W. M., A. Dai, and G. A. Meehl, 2006: Climate-Change Modeling: A Brief History of the Theory and Recent twenty-first Century Ensemble Simulations. Chapter 2 of Frontiers of Climate Modeling, J.T. Kiehl and V. Ramanathan (eds.), Cambridge University Press, pp. 26-51.

5.     Folland, C.K., T.R. Karl, J.R. Christy, R.A. Clarke, G.V. Gruza, J. Jouzel, M. Mann, J. Oerlemans, M.J. Salinger, S.-W. Wang, and 120 contributing authors (including A. Dai), 2001: Observed Climate Variability and Change. Chapter 2 of  Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis,  the IPCC WG1 Third Assessment Report, Cambridge UniversityPress, pp. 99-181.


Other Publications:

1.     Trenberth, K. E. and A. Dai, 2006: Evaluation of the atmospheric water cycle in ERA-40 using observationally-constrained land model results. GEWEX News. May; pp 8-10, 20.

2.     Dai, A., W.M. Washington, G.A. Meehl, T.W. Bettge, W.G. Strand, and A. Hu, 2003: Long-term Variations in the 1000+ Year PCM Control Run.  Paper presented at the 14th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations, 9-13 Feb. 2003, Long Beach, CA .

3.     Dai, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 2003: Diurnal variations in the Community Climate System Model (CCSM). Paper presented at the 14th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations, 9-13 Feb. 2003,  Long Beach, CA. (Paper)

4.     Dai, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 2003: New estimates of continental discharge and oceanic freshwater transport. Paper presented at the Symposium on Observing and understanding the Variability of Water in Weather and Climate, 9-13 Feb. 2003, Long Beach, CA. (Paper)

5.     Hu, A. G.A. Meehl, W.M. Washington, and A. Dai, 2003: Changes in thermohaline circulation in future climate. Paper presented at the 14th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations, 9-13 Feb. 2003, Long Beach, CA .

6.     Trenberth, K. E. and A. Dai, 2003: Evaluations of estimates of freshwater discharge from continents. Paper presented at the Symposium on Observing and Understanding the Variability of Water in Weather and Climate, 9-13 Feb. 2003, Long Beach, CA .

7.     Dai, A., G.A. Meehl, W.M. Washington, and W.G. Strand, 2002: North Atlantic Ocean response to a future anthropogenic forcing in a coupled GCM. In: Proceedings of the AMS 13th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations, 14-17 Jan. 2002, Orlando, FL, pp. 188-190.

8.     Dai, A., 2002: Evaluating GCMs using diurnal variability. In: Proceedings of the AMS 13th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations, 14-17 Jan. 2002, Orlando, FL, pp. 143--145. (Paper)

9.     Wang, J., A. Dai, D. J. Carlson, R. H. Ware, and J. C. Liljegren, 2002: Diurnal variation in water vapor and liquid water profiles from a new microwave radiometer profiler. In: Proceedings of the 6th Symposium on Integrated Observing Systems, 14-17 Jan. 2002, Orlando, FL,  pp. 198-201.

10.   Dai, A., G.A. Meehl, W.M. Washington, T.M.L. Wigley, 2001:  Ensemble simulation of the 20th and 21st century climates by a  coupled GCM. In: Proceedings of the AMS 12th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations, 14-18 Jan. 2001, Albuquerque, New Mexico, pp.7-8.

11.  Dai, A., 2001: A global climatology of thunderstorm, hail and tornado days. In:Proceedings of AMS Symposium on Precipitation Extremes: Prediction, Impacts, and Responses, 14-18 Jan. 2001, Albuquerque, New Mexico , pp.137-138.

12.  Washington, W.M., A. Dai, J.M. Arblaster, and G.A. Meehl, 2001: Ensemble historical and climate change simulations. In: Proceedings of the AMS 12th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations, 14-18 Jan. 2001, Albuquerque, New Mexico, pp.1-4.

13.  T.M.L. Wigley, S.J. Smith, A. Dai, K. Maruyama, and S. Nishinomiya, 1999: The climate mitigation effect of stabilizing CO2 concentration: results  from the NCAR Climate System Model (CSM). Paper presented at Conference Parties, Bonn, Germany , Nov. 2-3, 1999.

14.  Dai, A., 1999: Changes in the diurnal cycle of precipitation over the U.S.In: Proceedings of AMS 10th Symposium on Global Change Studies, 10-15 Jan. 1999, Dallas, Texas , pp.129-130.

15.  Wood, S., F. Nachtergaele, D. Nielsen, A. Dai , and K. Sebastian, 1998: Spatial aspects of the design and targeting of development strategies for fragile lands. Paper presented at International Conf. on Strategies for Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Resource Management in the Fragile Lands of Sub-Saharan Africa. Entebbe, Uganda , May 25-29, 1998.

16.  Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth, and T. R. Karl, 1998: Recent large-scale changes in droughts and floods. In: Proceedings of AMS 9th Symposium on Global Change Studies, 11-16 Jan. 1998, Phoenix, Arizona , pp.252-253.

17.  Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth, and T. R. Karl, 1998: Evidence of hydrological effects on diurnal temperature range. In: Proceedings of AMS 9th Symposium on Global Change Studies, 11-16 Jan. 1998, Phoenix, Arizona , pp.250-251.

18.  Dai, A., I. Y. Fung, and A. D. Del Genio, 1996: Leading modes in global land precipitation. In: Preprint of Second International Scientific Conference on the Global Energy and Water Cycle, 17-21 Jun. 1996, Washington, D.C.

19.  Dai, A., 1996: Global precipitation variability and its relationship with other climate changes. Ph.D. Dissertation, , 303pp., Dept. of Geological Sciences, Columbia University. (Abstract )

20.  Dai, A. and I. Fung, 1994: Observed variations of land precipitation during 1900-1988 and their relationship with temperature anomalies. In: Proceedings of AMS 6th Conference on Climate Variations, Jan. 1994, Nashville, Tennessee.

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