Kevin Trenberth
Distinguished Senior Scientist

Achievements

Introduction

Dr. Kevin E. Trenberth is a Distinguished Senior Scientist in the Climate Analysis Section at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. From New Zealand, he obtained his Sc. D. in meteorology in 1972 from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was a lead author of the 1995, 2001 and 2007 Scientific Assessment of Climate Change reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize which went to the IPCC. He served from 1999 to 2006 on the Joint Scientific Committee of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP), and he chaired the WCRP Observation and Assimilation Panel from 2004 to 2010 and chaired the Global Energy and Water Exchanges (GEWEX) scientific steering group from 2010-2013 (member 2007-14); and chaired the 2014 7th International Scientific Conference on the Global Water and Energy Cycle Committee.

He has also served on many national committees. He is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society (AMS), the American Association for Advancement of Science, the American Geophysical Union, and an honorary fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand. In 2000 he received the Jule G. Charney award from the AMS; in 2003 he was given the NCAR Distinguished Achievement Award; in 2013 he was awarded the Prince Sultan Bin Abdulaziz International Prize for Water, and he received the Climate Communication Prize from AGU. He edited a 788 page book Climate System Modeling, published in 1992 and has published 543 scientific articles or papers, including 62 books or book chapters, and over 257 refereed journal articles. On Google Scholar, there are over 54,295 citations and an H index of 100 (100 papers have over 100 citations). He has given many invited scientific talks as well as appearing in a number of television, radio programs and newspaper articles. He is listed among the top 20 authors in highest citations in all of geophysics.

Education

Sc.D Atmospheric Science/Meteorology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1972

B.Sc HONS First Class Mathematics
University of Canterbury, 1966

Research

Kevin Trenberth has been prominent in all aspects of climate variability and climate change research and is a leader in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change assessments and in the World Climate Research Programme. Recently his primary research has focused on the global energy and water cycles and how they are changing.

"The environment in which all storms form has changed owing to human activities"
Kevin Trenberth, 2011 on attribution of extremes to climate change

His work mainly involves empirical studies and quantitative diagnostic calculations. Trenberth is a primary advocate for the need to develop a climate information system that is an imperative for adaptation to climate change. However, Trenberth has published on many topics and is highly cited. He has evaluated many datasets and been the primary promoter of the need to reanalyze global data into fields in ways that meet climate requirements for continuity and consistency. He has determined the mass of the atmosphere as a fundamental physical quantity and how it varies as water vapor varies, and utilized the conservation constraint to evaluate datasets.


Research topics include:

  • Interannual variability of climate and El Niño
  • Climate change and global warming
  • The heat and energy cycles
  • The water cycle and atmospheric moisture budget
  • The mass of the atmosphere
  • Datasets and reanalysis
  • The global climate observing system
  • Hurricanes and climate change

One area of greatest impact has been in resolving outstanding issues concerning the global heat and energy budget of planet Earth. He has improved estimates of heat, energy and water transports within the atmosphere to a point where, when combined with top-of-atmosphere observed radiation, they now provide estimates of ocean heat transports as a residual that agree well with directly observed values. The work has proven vital for validating coupled atmosphere-ocean climate models and understanding heat flows that is so important in climate change. It has also provided a paradigm for the role of El Niño in the climate system, as heat is redistributed throughout the atmosphere and ocean system during the course of El Niño events. Trenberth recognized the importance of and was involved in El Niño research long before it became popular.

Seminal contributions include identification of major decadal changes in El Niño and the 1976-77 "climate shift", and he correctly attributed tropical sea surface temperature changes and the 1988 La Niña as a cause of the 1998 North American drought. He has played a major role in determining the global water cycle and how it changes as climate changes, with particular foci on changes in precipitation type, frequency, intensity and amount, and thus on how droughts and floods change. In addition, with Aiguo Dai he has improved global estimates of runoff, streamflow, river discharge and the entire hydrological cycle, and how they change over time. He has been a leader of the development of the global climate observing system and the Global Earth Observations initiative.

He has dabbled in paleoclimate. Recently he has been to the fore in raising issues about how hurricanes change as the climate changes: in better determining the relation of hurricane to environmental variables, where the moisture that feeds the heavy rainfalls comes from, and the role of hurricanes in moving energy around.

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Publications

The total from November 2016 is 62 books or book chapters, 257 journal articles published, 4 submitted, 23 technical notes, 120 proceedings or preprints, and 81 other articles, plus 4 videos, for a total of 543 publications plus 4 videos and many blogs.

On the Web of Science, there are over 29,160 citations and an H index of 78 (78 publications have 78 or more citations). On Google Scholar, there are over 61,255 citations and an H index of 103 ( or 68 since 2012)

The following are the publications from mid 1995 on. In the case of American Meteorological Society Journal publications, please see the AMS Copyright Notice and the Permission Statement. In the case of Climate Dynamics publications, please see the Springer-Verlag copyright information.



* Click a section below to open that box, view the full page, or visit the separate page

Videos

Guillemot C. J., and K. E. Trenberth, 1995: ENSO: SST monthly mean anomalies Pacific Sector. Jan. 1982-1994, 4 minutes 20 seconds, plus handout

Henson, R. and K. E. Trenberth, 1998: Children of the Tropics: El Niño and La Niña. Learning about Science Easily and Readily Series (LASERS), NCAR.

Books

Trenberth, K. E., and J. W. Hurrell, 1995: Natural Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales. D.G. Martinson, K. Bryan, M. Ghil, M.M. Hall, T.R. Karl, E.S. Sarachik, S. Sorooshian, and L.D. Talley, eds. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 472-482

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: Coupled climate system modelling, Chapter 3 of Climate Change, Developing Southern Hemisphere Perspectives Editors: T. Giambelluca and A. Henderson-Sellers. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 475pp, 63-88

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: El Niño - Southern Oscillation, Chapter 6 of: Climate Change, Developing Southern Hemisphere Perspectives Editors: T. Giambelluca and A. Henderson-Sellers. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 475pp, 145-173

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: What is happening to El Niño? 1996 Yearbook of Science and the Future. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 88-99

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: What's happening to El Niño? 1996 Book of the Year. Encyclopaedia Britannica, p 164

Trenberth, K. E., J. T. Houghton, and L. G. Meira Filho. 1996: The climate system: An overview. Chapter 1 of Climate Change 1995. The science of Climate Change. Contribution of WG 1 to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. J.T. Houghton, L.G. Meira Filho, B. Callander, N. Harris, A. Kattenberg, and K. Maskell (eds). Cambridge University Press. 51-64

Trenberth, K. E. et al., 1996: Technical summary of Climate Change 1995. The science of Climate Change. Contribution of WG 1 to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. J.T. Houghton, L.G. Meira Filho, B. Callander, N. Harris, A. Kattenberg, and K. Maskell (eds). Cambridge University Press. 9-49

Trenberth, K. E., et al. 1997: CLIVAR. A research programme on climate variability and predictability for the 21st century. Intl. CLIVAR Proj. Office Rep. 101, WCRP/TD No. 853. 48 pp

Trenberth, K. E., et al. 1997: Common questions about climate change. WMO, UNEP. 24 pp

Trenberth, K. E., and C. J. Guillemot, 1998: Estimating evaporation-minus-precipitation as a residual of the atmospheric water budget. Chapter 7.1 of ``Global energy and water cycles''. K. Browning and R. Gurney (Eds.), Cambridge University Press. 236-246

Trenberth, K. E., K. Miller, L. Mearns, and S. Rhodes, 1998: Weather Associated with Changing Climate and Consequences for Human Activities. Understanding Global Change: Earth Science and Human Impacts Series, Global Change Instruction Program, UCAR. To be published by University Science Books. 46 pp

Trenberth, K. E., et al. 1998: The CLIVAR Initial Implementation Plan. WCRP 103, WMO/TD 869, ICPO 14, 342 pp

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Short-term Climate Variations. Recent accomplishments and issues for future progress. Storms Vol 1. R. Pielke Sr and R. Pielke Jr (Eds). Routledge Press. London. 126-141

Trenberth, K. E., K. Miller, L. Mearns, and S. Rhodes, 2000: Effects of Changing Climate on Weather and Human Activities. Understanding Global Change: Earth Science and Human Impacts Series, Global Change Instruction Program, UCAR. University Science Books. 46 pp. [PDF]

Stocker, T. G., K. C. Clarke, H. Le Treut, R. S. Lindzen, V. P. Meleshko, R. K. Mugara, T. N. Palmer, R. T. Pierrehumbert, P. J. Sellers, K. E. Trenberth, and J. Willebrand, 2001: Physical Climate Processes and Feedbacks. Chapter 7 of Climate Change 2001. The scientific basis. Contribution of WG 1 to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. J.T. Houghton, et al. (Eds). Cambridge University Press. 417-470

Albritton D., G. Meira Filho, U. Cubasch, X. Dai, Y. Ding, D. Griggs, B. Hewitson, J. Houghton, I. Isaksen, T. Karl, M. McFarland, V. Meleshko, J. Mitchell, M. Noguer, B. Nyenzi, M. Oppenheimer, J. Penner, S. Pollonais, T. Stocker, and K. Trenberth, 2001: Technical Summary. Climate Change 2001. The science of Climate Change. Contribution of WG 1 to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Houghton, J.T., Y. Ding, D. J. Griggs, M Noguer, P. J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, and C. A. Johnson (Eds). Cambridge University Press. 21-83

Trenberth, K. E., 2001: Earth System Processes. Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change. T. Munn (Ed. in Chief). Vol. 1. The Earth System: Physical and Chemical Dimensions of Global Environmental Change. M. C. MacCracken and J. S. Perry (Eds) John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 13-30 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2001: Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System (GOALS), Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change. T. Munn (Ed. in Chief). Vol. 1. The Earth System: Physical and Chemical Dimensions of Global Environmental Change. M. C. MacCracken and J. S. Perry (Eds) John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 411-413

Trenberth, K. E., 2001: Climate: El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences. Academic Press. J. Steele, S. Thorpe, and K. Turekian Eds. 815-827

IPCC, 2001: Climate Change 2001: Synthesis Report. A contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Watson, R. T. and the Core writing team (eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. and New York, 398 pp. [K. E. Trenberth, author but omitted from list]

Trenberth, K. E., 2002: The extreme weather events of 1997 and 1998. Water Resources and Climate Change. K. D. Frederick (Ed.), Edward Elgar Pub. Ltd. Cheltenham, U.K., 3-16

Trenberth, K. E., 2002: Climate Change and the ENSO Cycle. Facts and Speculation about La Niña and Its Societal Impacts. Glantz, M.H. (Ed.) Tokyo, Japan: United Nations University Press. UNUP-1071, 51-56

Trenberth, K. E., 2002: Why and how does precipitation change? In Report of a workshop on Predictability & limits-to-prediction in Hydrological Systems. Committee on Hydrology, National Research Council, National Academy Press. 94-97

Karl, T. R., and K. E. Trenberth, 2002: What is Climate Change. Chapter 8 of Climate Change and Biodiversity, Eds. L. Hannah and T. E. Lovejoy. Yale University Press

Trenberth, K. E., 2003: The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) system. Chapter 14 of Handbook of Weather, Climate and Water: Climate, Physical Meteorology, Weather Systems and Measurements, Eds T. D. Potter and B. R. Coleman. J. Wiley & Sons. 163-173

Trenberth, K. E., 2004: Earth's Energy Balance. Encyclopedia of Energy, Cutler J. Cleveland (Ed. in Chief), Vol. 1, Elsevier Inc. 859-870

Mason, P., K. E. Trenberth et al., 2003: The Second Report on the Adequacy of the Global Observing System for Climate in Support of the UNFCCC. GCOS-82, WMO/TD 1143. 84pp

Trenberth, K. E., 2006: Observed changes to the climate and their causes. Chapter 9 of Confronting Climate Change: Critical Issues for New Zealand. R. Chapman, J. Boston and M. Schwass (Eds.) Victoria Univ. Press. Pp 93-102

Trenberth, K. E., P. D. Jones, P. Ambenje, R. Bojariu, D. Easterling, A. Klein Tank, D. Parker, F. Rahimzadeh, J. A. Renwick, M. Rusticucci, B. Soden, P. Zhai 2007: Observations: Surface and Atmospheric Climate Change. In: Climate Change 2007. The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of WG 1 to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. C. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H. L. Miller (Eds.) Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, U. K., and New York, NY, USA, 235-336, plus annex online

Rasmusson, R., A. Dai and K. E. Trenberth, 2007: Impact of climate change on precipitation. Chapter 16 of Large-scale Disasters, Prediction. Control and Mitigation. Mohamed Gad-el-Hak (Ed.) Cambridge Univ. Press, London. 453-472

Shapiro, M., J. Shukla, B. Hoskins, J. Church, K. Trenberth, M. Béland, G. Brasseur, M. Wallace, G. McBean, J. Caughey, D. Rogers, G. Brunet, L. Barrie, A. Henderson-Sellers, D. Burridge, T. Nakazawa, M. Miller, P. Bougeault, R. Anthes, Z. Toth, and T. Palmer,.2007: The socioeconomic and environmental benefits of a revolution in weather, climate and earth-system prediction: A weather, climate and earth-system prediction project for the 21st century. In The Full Picture Tudor Rose (Pub.) on behalf of Group on Earth Observations. ISBN 978-92-990047-0-8, 278pp; 136-138

Trenberth, K. E., 2008: Global warming is unequivocal. Chapter 2 in Climate Change in the Great Lakes Region, starting a public discussion. Summary report by S. Wittman, University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute, 19-26

Trenberth, K. E., 2008: The Impact of Climate Change and Variability on Heavy Precipitation, Floods, and Droughts, The Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK. DOI 10.1002/0470848944.hsa211 [PDF]

Hurrell, J. W., and Trenberth, K. E., 2010: Climate Change. Chapter 2 in The Effects of Climate Change on Birds. A. P. Møller, W. Fiedler, and P. Berthold (Eds.) Oxford University Press, Oxford, 9-29 [Frontmatter] [Chapter 2 PDF] [Chapter 2 Color Plates PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2011: Water Cycles and Climate Change. Section: Global change and climate in Handbook of Global Environmental Change. Springer, Heidelberg, Chapter DOI: HB_GlobalEnvChange_30 from: Book Title: Global Environmental Change, in press [PDF]

Bengtsson, L, S Koumaoutsaris, R-M. Bonnet, R. P. Allan, C. Frohlich, J. Heintzenberg, P. Ingmann, R. Kandel, N. G. Loeb, B. Soden, and K. E. Trenberth (eds) 2012: Observing and modeling Earth's Energy Flows. Space Sci. Ser. of ISSI. Springer. 484 pp

Trenberth, K. E., 2013. El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences. Elsevier, 2013 [Article] [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2014: Climate change and environmental issues. In G7 Summit 2014, S. Trevis publisher, www.PrestigeMediaUSA.com 87pp, 21-31. [Magazine PDF] [Article PDF]

Trenberth, K.E., 2015. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In: Gerald R. North (editor-in-chief), John Pyle and Fuqing Zhang (editors). Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol 2, pp. 90-94. ISBN: 9780123822253 [PDF]

Technical Notes

Trenberth, K. E., and C. J. Guillemot, 1996: Evaluation of the atmospheric moisture and hydrological cycle in the NCEP reanalyses. NCAR Technical Note NCAR/TN-430+STR, 300 pp

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: General circulation studies using NCEP reanalyses. Harry van Loon Symposium: Studies in Climate II, 21-22 October 1996, NCAR/TN-433+PROC, 30-43

Proceedings & Preprints

Trenberth, K. E., and C. J. Guillemot, 1995: Influence of sea surface temperatures and large-scale atmospheric dynamics on the 1988 drought and 1993 floods in North America. Proc. Intl. Conf. TOGA Prog., Melbourne, Australia, 3-7 April, 1995. WCRP-91, WMO/TD 717, 93-97

Trenberth, K. E., 1995: Decadal variability in ENSO and extratropical teleconnections: Evidence of global warming? Proc. Intl. Conf. TOGA Prog., Melbourne, Australia, 3-7 April, 1995. WCRP-91, WMO/TD 717, 57-61

Trenberth, K. E., 1995: Decadal variability and climate change in the atmosphere and ocean. Proc. First summer Inst. NOAA Postdoc Program in Climate and Global Change. 13-17 June 1994, Steamboat Springs. 67-68

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: Using atmospheric budgets as a constraint on surface fluxes. WCRP Workshop on ``Air-sea flux fields for forcing ocean models and validating GCMs''. ECMWF, Reading, U.K. Oct 24-27, 1995. WCRP-95, WMO/TD 762. 99-105

Trenberth, K. E., and T. J. Hoar, 1996: The 1990-1995 El Niño-Southern Oscillation event: Longest on record. Proc. Symposium on Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System (GOALS). Atlanta, 28 January-2 February 1996, 84-87

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: The climate system and climate variability. Seventh Symposium on Global Change Studies. Atlanta, 28 January-2 February 1996, 1-4

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: Variability, climate and weather: El Niño teleconnections. Proc. An Institute on the Economics of the Climate Resource. 5-7 June 1995, Boulder CO., 91-116

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: Decadal variability in the Northern Hemisphere. JCESS/CLIVAR workshop on Decadal Climate Variability. Columbia MD, 22-24 April 1996. 5pp (no page numbers)

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: The global atmospheric moisture budget as seen from analyses. Second Intl Sci. Conf. on GEWEX. Wash. D.C. 17-21 June 1996. 48-49

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: Decadal variability in ENSO and extratropical teleconnections. Intl. wkshp on Ocean Climate Variations from Seasons to Decades with Special Emphasis on Pacific Ocean Buoy Network. Mutsu City, Japan, 29-31 May 1996, JAMSTEC. 300-302

Trenberth, K. E., and D. J. Shea, 1997: Atmospheric circulation changes and links to changes in rainfall and drought. Thirteenth Conf. on Hydrology. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Long Beach CA. 2-7 Feb 1997. pp J14-J17 Seventh Conf. on Climate Variations volume

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: The WCRP CLIVAR Program. Eighth Symp. on Global Change Studies. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Long Beach CA. 2-7 Feb 1997. 13-16

Trenberth, K. E., and J. W. Hurrell, 1997: Satellite versus surface estimates of air temperature since 1979. Eighth Symp. on Global Change Studies. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Long Beach CA. 2-7 Feb 1997. 248-249

Hurrell, J. W., and K. E. Trenberth, 1997: The MSU2R temperature record: Some puzzling aspects. Eighth Symp. on Global Change Studies. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Long Beach CA. 2-7 Feb 1997. 250-253

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: Recent changes in El Niño/Southern Oscillation and climatic implications. In Elements of Change 1996, Aspen Global Change Inst. S. J. Hassol and J. Katzenberger Eds. 252-257

Trenberth K. E., 1997: The heat budget of the atmosphere and ocean. Proc. First Intl. Conf. on Reanalyses, Silver Spring MD. 27-31 October, 1997

Trenberth K. E., 1997: Evaluation of the atmospheric moisture and hydrological cycle. Proc. First Intl. Conf. on Reanalyses, Silver Spring MD. 27-31 October, 1997

Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth and T. R. Karl, 1998: Recent large-scale changes in droughts and floods. Proc. Amer. Met. Soc. 9th Symp. Global Change Studies. 11-16 Jan. 1998. Phoenix AZ. 252-253

Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth and T. R. Karl, 1998: Evidence of hydrological effects on diurnal temperature range. Proc. Amer. Met. Soc. 9th Symp. Global Change Studies. 11-16 Jan. 1998. Phoenix AZ. 251-252

Trenberth K. E., 1998: Implementation of CLIVAR. COARE-98. Proc. Conf on the TOGA Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (COARE). Boulder CO, 7-14 July 1998. WMO/TD 940, 148-149

Clarke, R. A., and K. E. Trenberth, 1998: Implementing CLIVAR. Proc. Conference on the WCRP: Achievements, benefits and challenges. 26-28 August 1997, Geneva, Switzerland. WMO/TD-904, 222-225

Trenberth, K. E., 1998: A case for slowing the pace of climate change. SOLAR '98 - ``Creating the Right Climate'', Proc. 36th Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Solar Energy Society. Christchurch, New Zealand 25-27 Nov, 1998, 200-207

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Forecasts of the development of the 1997-98 El Niño event. Proc. Intl. Symp. Triangle '98, Kyoto, Japan, Sept 29-Oct 2, 1998. 14-20

Trenberth K. E., 1999: The evolution of CLIVAR science. Proc. Intl. CLIVAR Conf. UNESCO, Paris, 2-4 Dec 1998. WCRP-108, WMO/TD 954, ICPO 27. 17-19

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Implementing CLIVAR. Proc. Amer. Met. Soc. Tenth Symposium on Global Change Studies. 11-15 Jan. 1999. Dallas TX. 1-3

Hurrell, J. W., and K. E. Trenberth, 1999: A comparison of different global SST data sets. Proc. Amer. Met. Soc. Tenth Symposium on Global Change Studies. 11-15 Jan. 1999. Dallas TX. 89-90

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: El Niño and global warming. Proc. Amer. Met. Soc. Tenth Symposium on Global Change Studies. 11-15 Jan. 1999. Dallas TX. 258-260

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Forecasts of the development of the 1997-98 El Niño event. Proc. Amer. Met. Soc. Second Hayes Symposium on seasonal to interannual climate variability - The 1997/98 ENSO cycle. 12-15 Jan. 1999. Dallas TX. 51-54

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Future ENSO diagnostics, Proc. Amer. Met. Soc. Second Hayes Symposium on seasonal to interannual climate variability - The 1997/98 ENSO cycle. 12-15 Jan. 1999. Dallas TX. 110-113

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Global climate system change and observations. NASA Scientific Forum on Climate Variability and Global Change. UNISPACE III, 19-30 July 1999, Vienna, Austria. NASA/CP-1999-209240, R. A. Schiffer and S. Unninayar, Eds. 15-29

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: The Evolution of CLIVAR Science. Proc. Intl. CLIVAR conference. Paris France, 2-4 Dec, 1998. WCRP-108, WMO/TD 954, ICPO 27. 17-19

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak and J. M. Caron, 1999: The global monsoon. Proc. Second International Conf. on Reanalyses. 23-27 Aug 1999, Reading, U.K. WCRP-109, WMO/TD-No 985, 313-316

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 1999: Global energy and moisture budgets of the atmosphere. Proc. Second International Conf. on Reanalyses. 23-27 Aug 1999, Reading, U.K. WCRP-109, WMO/TD-No 985, 369-372

Trenberth, K. E., 2000: Challenges for Southern Hemisphere atmospheric and ocean sciences in the 21st century. Proc. Sixth International Conf. on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography. Santiago, Chile, 3-7 April 2000. 1-2

Trenberth, K. E., 2000: Science of climate change and climate variability Proc. Commission on Climatology International Symposium, Climate Change and Variability, and their Impacts. Aug 9-13, 2000, Seoul, Korea. 11-20

Caron, J. M., and K. E. Trenberth, 2001: Exploring the Heat Budget of ENSO. Proc. 25th Annual Climate Diagnostics and Prediction Workshop, 39-42

Trenberth, K. E., 2001: Global warming is happening. Proc. American Association Petroleum Geologists conference, June 3-6, 2001, Denver CO. 6pp

Trenberth, K. E., and J. M. Caron, 2001: Meridional atmosphere and ocean heat transports. Proc. WCRP/SCOR Workshop on Intercomparison and Validation of Ocean-Atmosphere flux fields, 21-24 May 2001, WCRP-115, WMO/TD 1083. 10-13

Trenberth, K. E., 2001: Outstanding issues in the hydrological cycle in climate change research. Proc. Climate and Ozone Programme Conference, Bergen 27-29 November, 2001. Norwegian Inst. for Air Research N-95102. 39-42

Trenberth, K. E. and D. P. Stepaniak, 2002: Diagnostics of vertically integrated fluxes of energy. 13th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations; Amer. Met. Soc., Orlando FL, 13-17 Jan. 2002; 60-61

Trenberth, K. E., 2002: Components of a climate observing system. 13th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations; Amer. Met. Soc., Orlando FL, 13-17 Jan. 2002; 1-2

Trenberth, K. E. and D. P. Stepaniak, 2003: Seamless poleward atmospheric energy transports. 14th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations 83rd Annual AMS Meeting, Long Beach, CA, February 2003. CD-Rom 14GLOBAL Paper12.3

Trenberth, K. E., and A. Dai, 2003: Evaluations of estimates of freshwater discharge from continents. Symposium on Observing and Understanding the Variability of Water in Weather and Climate; 83rd Annual AMS Meeting, Long Beach, CA, February 2003. CD-Rom VARIH2O paper J2.6

Dai, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 2003: New estimates of continental discharge and oceanic freshwater transport. Symposium on Observing and Understanding the Variability of Water in Weather and Climate; 83rd Annual AMS Meeting, Long Beach, CA, February 2003. CD-Rom VARIH2O Paper JP1.11

Dai, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 2003: Diurnal variations in the Community Climate System Model. 14th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations 83rd Annual AMS Meeting, Long Beach, CA, February 2003. CD-Rom 14Global Paper 9.2

Rasmussen, R. M., J. Hack, P. LeMone, M. Moncrieff, D. Parsons, K. E. Trenberth, T. Warner and J. Wilson, 2003: The Water Cycle Across Scales: An NCAR initiative. Symposium on Observing and Understanding the Variability of Water in Weather and Climate; 83rd Annual AMS Meeting, Long Beach, CA, February 2003. CD-Rom VARIH2O Paper J7.11

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2003: Heat budgets and poleward atmospheric energy transports. Seventh Intl Conf. Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography. Wellington, New Zealand. 24-28 Mar 2003. 7--9

Trenberth, K. E., and A. Dai, 2003: New estimates of continental discharge and oceanic freshwater transport. Seventh Intl Conf. Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography. Wellington, New Zealand. 24-28 Mar 2003. 180--182

Dai, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 2003: New estimates of continental discharge and oceanic freshwater transport. Paper presented at the Symposium on Observing and understanding the Variability of Water in Weather and Climate, 9-13 Feb. 2003, Long Beach, CA

Overpeck, J., and K. Trenberth, 2004: A multi-millennia perspective on drought and implications for the future. Proc of a joint CLIVAR-PAGES-IPCC workshop. Nov 18-21, 2003, Tucson, AZ. 30 pp

Trenberth, K. E., 2004: The role of the ocean in climate. Chap. 1, Annual Rep. The state of the ocean and the ocean observing system for climate, Ed. D. M. Stanitski, Office of Climate Observations, NOAA, 307 pp. 1-6

Arkin, P., E. Kalnay, J. Laver, S. Schubert and K. Trenberth, 2004: Ongoing analysis of the climate system: A workshop report. Proc workshop Boulder CO 18-20 August, 2003. 48 pp

Trenberth K.E., 2004: Manifestations of global climate change on accelerating the hydrological cycle: prospects for increasing extremes, in Proceedings of the 2nd international CAHMDA workshop on: The Terrestrial Water Cycle:Modelling and Data Assimilation Across Catchment Scales, edited by A.J. Teuling, H. Leijnse, P.A. Troch, J. Sheffield and E.F. Wood, Princeton, NJ, October 25-27, 2004 pp. 33-35

Trenberth, K. E., 2008: Climate change and extreme weather events. Catastrophe Modeling Forum, New York, NY, 11-12 June 2008. 7 pp

Trenberth, K. E., 2008: The role of the ocean in climate. Chapter 1, Annual Rep FY2007. The state of the ocean and the ocean observing system for climate, Ed. J. Levy, Office of Climate Observation, NOAA. 10 pp

Gulev, S. K. S. A. Josey, M. Bourassa, L.-A. Breivik, M. F. Cronin, C. Fairall, S. Gille, E. C. Kent, C. M. Lee, M. J. McPhaden, P. M. S. Monteiro, U. Schuster, S. R. Smith, K. E. Trenberth, D. Wallace, S.D. Woodruff 2010: Surface Energy and CO2 Fluxes in the Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Ice System. In Proc. "OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, in press

Hurrell, J. W., T. Delworth, G. Danabasoglu, H. Drange, K. Drinkwater, S. Griffies, N. Holbrook, B. Kirtman, N. Keenlyside, M. Latif, J. Marotzke, J. Murphy, G. A. Meehl, T. Palmer, H. Pohlmann, T. Rosati, R. Seager, D. Smith, R. Sutton, A. Timmermann, K. E. Trenberth, and J. Tribbia, 2010: Decadal climate prediction: Opportunities and challenges. In Proc. "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306 [PDF]

Hurrell, J. W., M. Latif, M. Visbeck, T. L. Delworth, G. Danabasoglu, D. Dommenget, H. Drange, K. Drinkwater, S. Griffies, W. Hazeleger, N. J. Holbrook, B. Kirtman, N. Keenlyside, J. Marotzke, J. Murphy, G. A. Meehl, T. Palmer, H. Pohlmann, T. Rosati, R. Seager, D. Smith, R. Sutton, A. Timmermann, K. E. Trenberth, and J. Tribbia, 2010: Decadal Climate Variability Predictability and Prediction: Opportunities and Challenges. In Proceedings of the "OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009. Hall, J., Harrison D. E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306 [PDF]

Reinecker, M. M., K. E. Trenberth, et al (34 others), 2010: Synthesis and assimilation systems – Essential adjuncts to the Global Ocean Observing System, Proc. "OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, in press

Trenberth, K. E., M. Balmaseda, N. Bindoff, J. Church, H. Freeland, G. Lagerloef, R. S. Nerem, M. Palmer, S. Rintoul, D. Roemmich, C. Sabine, D. Stammer, and P. Stott, 2010: Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) and attribution and prediction of climate. Proc. "OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09 pp. 39 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., R. Dole, Y. Xue, K. Onogi, D. Dee, M. Balmaseda, M. Bosilovich, S. Schubert, W. Large, 2010: Atmospheric reanalyses: A major resource for ocean product development and modeling. In Proc. "OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, in press [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2011: The New GEWEX. 23rd Conference on Climate Variability and Change, Special invited session on WCRP project and future plans. AMS, 23-27 January 2011, Seattle, Washington [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2011: Communicating climate science and thoughts on Climategate. "Joint Presidential Session on Communicating Climate Change," AMS, 23-27 January 2011, Seattle, Washington [PDF]

Other Articles

Karl, T., F. Bretherton, W. Easterlint, K. Ttenbertt and R. G. Quayle, 1995: Long-term climate monitoring of the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS). Earth System Monitor

Karl, T., F. Bretherton, W. Easterling, K. Trenberth and R. G. Quayle, 1995: Long-term climate monitoring of the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS). GCOS Newsletter, May 1995, 4-6

Trenberth, K. E., and C. J. Guillemot, 1995: Evaluation of the global atmospheric moisture budget as seen from analyses. Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modelling. Rep. 21. WMO/TD-No. 665. 2.28

Trenberth, K., and A. Clarke 1996: Editorial, Exchanges, 1, 1, 3-4

Santer, B. D., K. E. Trenberth et al. (40 authors) 1996: Letter to Wall Street Journal on IPCC process. 25 June 1996

Epstein, P, G. Grabherr, T. Karl, E. Mosley-Thompson, K. Trenberth and G. M. Woodwell, 1996. Current effects of climate change. An Ozone Action Round Table. 48 pp

Clarke, A., and K. E. Trenberth 1996: News from the CLIVAR Scientific Steering Group. Exchanges, 1, 3, 1-2

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: El Niño definition. Exchanges, 1, 3, 6-8

Clarke, A., K. E. Trenberth and M. Coughlan 1996: CLIVAR: Climate variability and predictability. WCRP Newsletter No 1. 9-11

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: Commentary on Rep. George Brown's article ``Environmental science under seige in the U.S. Congress''. Environment, 39, 4 (May), pp 5 and 40-41

Trenberth K. E. and A. Clarke, 1997: Climate variability and predictability study (CLIVAR). Report to JSC, JSC-XVIII/Doc 13. March 1997

Trenberth K. E. and A. Clarke, 1997: Farewell Mike- Welcome Lydia Exchanges, 2, 2, 2-3

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: Atmospheric moisture residence times and cycling: Implications for how precipitation may change as climate changes. GEWEX News. August 7, 3, pp 1, 4-6, 16 [Article]

Clarke, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 1997: Implementing CLIVAR. WCRP Conference. 26-28 August, Geneva Switzerland

Trenberth K. E. et al., 1997: CLIVAR-Implementation Strategy. WCRP Newsletter 2, 15-18

Trenberth K. E., 1997: ENSO and Anthropogenic Climate Variations. The ENSO SIGNAL. 8, Sept 1997, 5-6

Trenberth K. E., 1997: Blaming it on El Niño. Letter to editor on Krauthammer Viewpoint column, TIME, December 8, p 8

Trenberth K. E. and A. Clarke, 1998: Preface, CLIVAR Initial Implementation Plan. WCRP 103, WMO/TD 869, ICPO 14, 1-2

Clarke, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 1998: Changes at the WOCE and CLIVAR International Project Offices. WOCE Newsletter. Spring 1998

Clarke, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 1998: New Director of the ICPO. Exchanges, 3, 1, 1-2

Trenberth K. E. and M. Coughlan, 1998: The 1997-98 El Niño Event. Exchanges, 3, 1, 11-12

Trenberth K. E., 1998: Development and forecasts of the 1997-98 El Niño: CLIVAR scientific issues, Exchanges, 3, 4-14 [More]

Trenberth K. E., 1998: The different flavors of La Niña. La Niña summit. 15-17 July 1998, Boulder

Trenberth K. E., 1999: Perspectives on Implementing CLIVAR. Exchanges,4, 2 (June 1999), 5-6

Gould, J., and K. E. Trenberth, 1999: The WCRP Joint Scientific Committee - 20th Meeting (JSC XX). Exchanges, 4, 2 (June 1999), 7

Trenberth K. E., and R. A. Clarke, 1999: Preface. Proc. Intl. CLIVAR Conf. UNESCO, Paris, 2-4 Dec 1998. WCRP-108, WMO/TD 954, ICPO 27. p iii

Trenberth K. E., 2000: Millenium Perspectives. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., vol 81, 100

Trenberth K. E., 2000: Conceptual framework for changes of rainfall and extremes of the hydrological cycle with climate change. Exchanges, 5, 1, 12-13

Trenberth K. E., 2000: A perspective on the extreme events of 1997-98. The Climate Report. Maryam Golnaraghi (Ed.), Climate Risk Solutions, Inc. 1, 2, 2-8

Trenberth, K. E., J. M. Caron and D. P. Stepaniak, 2000: The atmospheric energy budget and implications for surface fluxes. Exchanges, 5, No. 4, 4-6

Trenberth K. E., 2000: Predictability of climate and the global water cycle. Proc. workshop of National Research Council Committee on Hydrological Sciences "Predictability and limit of prediction for hydrological systems''. Boulder, CO 21-22 Sept., 2000

Trenberth K. E., 2001: The evolution of ENSO and global atmospheric temperatures. Proc. Sino-US Workshop on Climate change and modeling, 15-16 Jan, 2001, 28-29

Trenberth K. E., 2001: How should precipitation change as climate changes: Prospects for increases in extremes. The Climate Report. Maryam Golnaraghi (Ed.), Climate Risk Solutions, Inc. 2, 1, 11-13 [Article]

Trenberth K. E., 2001: Book review of "Global Warming: The science of climate" by Francis Drake. Climatic Change, 50, 511-513

Trenberth, K. E., 2001: The IPCC assessment of global warming 2001. THE FORUM FOR ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, SCIENCE, ENGINEERING and FINANCE (FAILSAFE) electronic journal spring (March) issue, pp 8-26

Wallace, J. M. and K. E. Trenberth, 2000: The Earth's surface temperature in the 20th Century: Coming to grips with satellite and surface-based records of temperature. Inter-American Institute (IAI) for Global Change Research Newsletter, 23, 44-48. (English and Spanish)

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2001: A new index of El Niño related to decadal variability. Exchanges, 6, 25-27

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2001: A new index of El Niño related to decadal variability. Subtle Signals 1

Spence, T. W., and K. E. Trenberth, 2001: Climate Observing System. Paper prepared for the Presidential Climate Change Research Initiative

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak and J. M. Caron, 2002: Accuracy of atmospheric energy budgets. WGNE report "Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modelling."

Trenberth, K. E., 2002: An uphill battle ? Denver Post, June 30th

Trenberth, K. E., 2006: Evaluation of the atmospheric water cycle in ERA-40 using observationally-constrained land model results. GEWEX News, May 2006, 8-10. [PDF]

Forster, P., R. Somerville, N. Bindoff, J. Christensen, K. Denman, G. Hegerl, B. Hewitson, E. Jansen, P. Jones, P. Lemke, G. Meehl, J. Overpeck, V. Ramaswamy, D. Randall, T. Stocker, K. Trenberth, H. Le Treut, J. Willebrand, R. Wood, F. Zwiers, 2007: Climate with care. New Scientist. 24 March 2007, p 27

Trenberth, K. E., 2008: An update on human-induced climate change: global warming: coming, ready or not. Diritto e Libertà (Right and Freedom) (Italian international politics magazine) [Link] [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2008: Models can be useful tools for planning ahead: A response to Thomas Chase: ‘A caution to policymakers: climate models fail key tests for accuracy’, Ogmius, 22, Summer 2008, pp 2-3 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2009: Changes in the flow of energy through the Earth’s climate system. Physics and Society, 38, 2, 11-16 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2009: Precipitation in a changing climate – More floods and droughts in the future. GEWEX News, 19, May 2009, 8-10 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2010: Moving forward: Process for planning the future of GEWEX begins at 2nd Pan-GEWEX Meeting. GEWEX News, 20, November 2010, 10-13. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2011: Commentary: Challenges in GEWEX. GEWEX News, 21, November 2011, 2 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2012: Will the West Survive? Men's Journal, The Magazine [Article]

Trenberth, K. E., 2012: Super storm Sandy. The Scientist [Article]

Corell, Bob, J. Masters and K. E. Trenberth, 2012: Commentary - Did climate change contribute to Sandy? Yes. Politico [Article]

Trenberth, K. E., 2012: Eyes on the Atmosphere. John Hopkins University Center for Talented Youth: Imagine, Vol. 20, No. 3, ISSN: 1071-605X. [PDF] [Article]

Trenberth, K.E., et al., 2012: Check With Climate Scientists for Views on Climate, The Wall Street Journal, February 1, 2012 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2013: Commentary: The New Normal. GEWEX News, February 2013 [PDF]



Journal Articles


2018

Mukherjee, S., A. Misra, and K. E Trenberth, 2018: Climate change and drought: A perspective on drought indices. Current Climate Change Reports. Doi: 10.1007/s40641-018-0098-x [Article]

Papalexiou, S. M., A. AghaKouchak, K. E. Trenberth, & E. Foufoula-Georgiou, 2018: Global, regional, and megacity trends in the highest temperature of the year: Diagnostics and evidence for accelerating trends, Earth's Future, 5, 71-79 , Doi: 10.1002/2017EF000709

Medalists Honored at 2017 AGU Fall Meeting: Kevin Trenberth receives 2017 Roger Revelle Medal. Citation and Response. Eos, 99, pp 42-43 [PDF]

Cheng, L., K. E. Trenberth, J. Fasullo, J. Abraham, T. Boyer, K. von Schuckmann, J. Zhu, 2018: Taking the pulse of the planet. Eos, Doi: 10.1029/2017EO081839 [Article]

Trenberth, K. E., and Y. Zhang, 2018: How often does it really rain? Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.,99, 289-298. Doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0107.1 [PDF]

Weatherhead, B., B. Wielicki, K. E. Trenberth, et al. 2018: Designing the climate observing System of the future. Earth’s Future, 5, 80-102, Doi: 10.1002/2017EF000627 [PDF]

Bedoya-Soto, J-M., G. Poveda, K. E. Trenberth and J. J. Vélez-Upegui, 2018: Interannual hydro-climatic variability and the 2009-2011 extreme ENSO phases in Colombia - From Andean glaciers to Caribbean low-lands. Theor. Appl. Climatol. Doi: 10.1007/s00704-018-2452-2 [For Access]

Shepherd, T. G., E. Boyd, R. A. Calel, S. C. Chapman, S. Dessai, I. M. Dima-West, H. J. Fowler, R. James, D. Maraun, O. Martius, C. A. Senior, A. H. Sobel, D. A. Stainforth, S. F. B. Tett, K. E. Trenberth, B. J. J. M. van den Hurk, N. W. Watkins, R. L. Wilby, D. Zenghelis, 2018: Storylines: An alternative approach to representing uncertainty in climate change. Climatic Change, Submitted

Trenberth, K. E. and Y. Zhang, 2018: Near Global Covariability of Hourly Precipitation in Space and Time. J Hydrometeor., 19, 695-713. Doi: 10.1175/JHM-D-17-0238 [Article]

Trenberth, K. E., 2018: Climate change caused by human activities is happening and it already has major consequences. J. Energy & Water Resources Law, 36, 463-481. Doi: 10.1080/02646811.2018.1450895
[Article] [PDF] [Eprint]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. Fasullo, 2018: Applications of an updated atmospheric energetics formulation. J. Climate, 31, 6263-6279, Doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0838

Trenberth, K. E., L. Cheng, P. Jacobs, Y. Zhang, and J. Fasullo, 2018: Hurricane Harvey links to ocean heat content. Earth's Future, 6, 730-744, Doi: 10.1029/2018EF000825 [PDF]

Covey, C., C. Doutriaux, P. J. Gleckler, K. E. Taylor, K. E. Trenberth, Y. Zhang, 2018: High frequency intermittency in observed and model-simulated precipitation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 1919–1927, Doi: 10.1002/2018GL078926.

2017

Cheng, L., K. Trenberth, J. Fasullo, T. Boyer, J. Abraham, and J. Zhu, 2017: Improved estimates of ocean heat content from 1960-2015. Sci. Adv. 3, 3, e1601545, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1601545 [Article]

Trenberth, K. E., 2017: The global warming pause. Geography Review, 30, 3, 35-37

Wang, G., D. Wang, K. Trenberth, A. Erfanian, M. Yu, M. Bosilovich, D. Parr, 2017: The peak structure and future changes of the relationships between extreme precipitation and temperature. Nature Climate Change, doi: 10.1038/NCLIM-3239 [Article]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. T. Fasullo, 2017: Atlantic meridional heat transports computed from balancing Earth’s energy locally. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 1919–1927, doi:10.1002/2016GL072475 [Article] [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., Y. Zhang and M. Gehne, 2017: Intermittency in precipitation: duration, frequency, intensity, and amounts using hourly data. J. Hydrometeor. 18, 1393-1412, doi: 10.1175/JHM-D-16-0263 [PDF]

2016

Mayer, M., J. T. Fasullo, K. E. Trenberth, L. Haimberger, 2016: ENSO-driven energy budget perturbations in observations and CMIP models. Climate Dyn., 47, 4009–4029 doi: 10.1007/s00382-016-3057-z [Article]

Covey, C., P. J. Gleckler, C. Doutriaux, D. N. Williams, A. Dai, J. Fasullo, K. Trenberth, A. Berg, 2016: Metrics for the diurnal cycle of precipitation: Toward routine benchmarks for climate models, J. Climate, 29, 4461-4471; doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0664.1. [PDF]

Cheng, L., K. E. Trenberth, M. D. Palmer, J. Zhu, and J. P. Abraham, 2016: Reconciling observed and modeled ocean heat content changes since 1970. Ocean Sci., 12, 925-935, doi:10.5194/os-2016-16. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., J. T. Fasullo, K. von Schuckmann and L. Cheng, 2016: Insights into Earth’s energy imbalance from multiple sources. J. Climate, 29, 7495-7505. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0339. [PDF]

Gehne, M., T. M. Hamill, G. N. Kiladis and K. E. Trenberth, 2016: Comparison of global precipitation estimates across a range of temporal and spatial scales. J. Climate, 29, 7773-7795, Doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0618, in press. [PDF]

Kato, S., K-M. Xu, T. Wong, N. G. Loeb, F. G. Rose, K. E. Trenberth and T. J. Thorsen, 2016: Investigation of the residual in column-integrated atmospheric energy balance using cloud objects. J. Climate, 29, 7435-7452; doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0782. [PDF]

Simmons, A., J-L. Fellous, V. Ramaswamy, and K. Trenberth, 2016: Observation and Integrated Earth-system Science: A roadmap for 2016-2025. Advances in Space Research, 57, 2037-2103; [Article]

Yan, X-H., T. Boyer, K. Trenberth, T. R. Karl, S-P. Xie, V. Nieves, K-K. Tung, and D. Roemmich, 2016: The global warming hiatus: Slowdown or redistribution? Earth’s Future, 4, doi:10.002/2016EF000417. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., M. Marquis, and S. Zebiak, 2016: The vital need for a climate information system. Nature Clim. Change, 6, 1057-1059, [Article].

2015

Trenberth, K. E., J. T. Fasullo, and T. G. Shepherd, 2015: Attribution of climate extreme events. Nat. Clim. Change, 5, 725-730 doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2657, [Article]

Trenberth, K. E., Y. Zhang, J. T. Fasullo, and S. Taguchi, 2015: Climate variability and relationships between top-of-atmosphere radiation and temperatures on Earth. J. Geophys. Res., 120, 3642-3659, [Article]

Trenberth, K. E., Y. Zhang, and J. T. Fasullo, 2015: Relationships among top-of-atmosphere radiation and atmospheric state variables in observations and CESM. J. Geophys. Res., 120, 10,074-10,090 [Article]

von Schuckmann, K., M. D. Palmer, K. E. Trenberth, A. Cazenave, D. Chambers, N. Champollion, J. Hansen, S. A. Josey, N. Loeb, P.-P. Mathieu, B. Meyssignac, and M. Wild, 2016:Earth’s energy imbalance: An imperative for monitoring. Nature Climate Change, 138-144 [Article]

Trenberth, K. E., 2015: Has there been a hiatus? Science, 349, 691-692. doi: 10.1126/science.aac9225 [Summary] [Reprint] [Full Text]

Fasullo, J. T., B. M. Sanderson, and K. E. Trenberth, 2015: Recent progress in constraining climate sensitivity with model ensembles. Current Climate Change Reports, Doi: 10.1007/s40641-015-0021-7. (in press)

Hegerl, G., E. Black, R. P. Allan, W. J. Ingram; D. Polson; K. Trenberth; R. Chadwick; P. A. Arkin, B. Balan-Sarojini, A. Becker, A. Dai, P. Durack, D. Easterling, H. Fowler, E. Kendon, G. Huffman, C. Liu, R. Marsh, M. New, T. Osborn, N. Skliris, P. Stott, P-L. Vidale, S. Wijffels, L. Wilcox, K. Willett, X. Zhang 2015: Challenges in quantifying changes in the global water cycle. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, 1097-1115, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00212.1

Lu, N., J. Qin, Y. Gao, K. Yang, K.E. Trenberth, M. Gehne, and Y. Zhu, 2015: Trends and variability in atmospheric precipitable water over the Tibetan Plateau for 2000–2010. Intl. J. Climatology, 35, 1394-1404, doi: 10.1002/joc.4064

2014

Trenberth, K. E., A. Dai, G. van der Schrier, P. D. Jones, J. Barichivich, K. R. Briffa, and J. Sheffield, 2014: Global warming and changes in drought. Nature Climate Change, 4, 17-22, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2067 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., J. T. Fasullo and M. A. Balmaseda: 2014: Earth's energy imbalance. J. Climate, 27, 3129-3144, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00294 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and G. R. Asrar 2014: Challenges and opportunities in water cycle research: WCRP contributions. Surveys in Geophys., 35, 515-532. doi: 10.1007/s10712-012-9214-y [PDF]

Sutanto, S. J., B. van den Hurk, P. A. Dirmeyer, S. I. Seneviratne, T. Rockmann, K. E. Trenberth, E. M. Blyth J. Wenninger, and G. Hoffmann, 2014: A perspective on different approaches to determine the contribution of transpiration to the surface moisture fluxes. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 2815-2827, doi: 10.5194/hess-18-2815-2014 [PDF] [Article]

Gehne, M., R. Kleeman and K. E. Trenberth, 2014: Irregularity and decadal variation in ENSO: A simplified model based on Principal Oscillation Patterns. Clim. Dyn., doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2108-6 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., J. T. Fasullo, G. Branstator, and A. S. Phillips 2014: Seasonal aspects of the recent pause in surface warming. Nature Climate Change, 4, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2341 [PDF]

Wallace, J. M., I. M. Held, D. W. J. Thompson, K. E. Trenberth, and J. E. Walsh, 2014: Global warming and winter weather. Science, 343, 729-730, doi: 10.1126/science.343.6172.729 [Article]

Ning Lu; K. E. Trenberth; J. Qin; K. Yang and L. Yao, 2014: Detecting long-term trend in precipitable water over the Tibetan Plateau by synthesis of station and MODIS observations., J. Clim., 28, 1707-1722, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00303

2013

Trenberth, K. E., Anthes, R. A., Belward, A., Brown, O., Haberman, E., Karl, T. R., Running, S., Ryan, B., Tanner, M., and Wielicki, B., 2012: Challenges of a sustained climate observing system. In Climate Science for Serving Society: Research, Modelling and Prediction Priorities, G. R. Asrar and J. W. Hurrell, Eds. Springer, 484 pp, 13-50 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and G. R. Asrar 2013: Challenges and opportunities in water cycle research: WCRP contributions. Surveys in Geophysics, doi: 10.1007/s10712-012-9214-y [PDF]

Mayer, M, K. E. Trenberth, L. Haimberger and J. T. Fasullo, 2013: The response of tropical atmospheric energy budgets to ENSO. J. Climate, 26, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00681.1, in press [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. T. Fasullo, 2013: North American water and energy cycles. Geophys. Res Lett., 40, 365-369, doi: 10.1002/grl.50107 [PDF]

Balmaseda, M. A., K. E. Trenberth and E. Kallen, 2013: Distinctive climate signals in reanalysis of global ocean heat content, Geophys. Res Lett., 40, 1-6, doi: 10.1002/grl.50382, 2013 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. T. Fasullo, 2013: Regional energy and water cycles: Transports from ocean to land . J. Climate, 26, 7837-7851, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-00008.1 [PDF]

Schneider,D, C. Deser, K. Trenberth, and J. Fasullo, 2013: Climate Data Guide spurs discovery and understanding, Eos Trans. AGU, 94(13), 121-122 [PDF]

Meehl, G. A., A. Hu, J. Arblaster, J. T. Fasullo, and K. E. Trenberth, 2013: Externally forced and internally generated decadal climate variability in the Pacific, J. Clim, 26, 7298-7310. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00548.1 [PDF]

Ning Lu; K. E. Trenberth; J. Qin; K. Yang and L. Yao, 2014: Detecting long-term trend in precipitable water over the Tibetan Plateau by synthesis of station and MODIS observations. J. Clim., 28, 1707-1722, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00303 [PDF]

Abraham, J. P., M. Baringer, N.L. Bindoff, T. Boyer, L. J. Cheng, J. A. Church, J. L. Conroy, C. M. Domingues, J. T. Fasullo, J. Gilson, G. Goni, S. A. Good, J. M. Gorman, V. Gouretski, M. Ishii, G. C. Johnson, S. Kizu, J. M. Lyman, A. M. Macdonald, W. J. Minkowycz, S. E. Moffitt, M. D. Palmer, A. R. Piola, F. Reseghetti, K. Schuckmann, K. E. Trenberth, I. Velicogna, J. K. Willis, 2013: A review of global ocean temperature observations: Implications for ocean heat content estimates and climate change, Reviews of Geophysics, 51, 450-483. doi: 10.1002/rog.20022 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. T. Fasullo, 2013: An apparent hiatus in global warming? Earth's Future. doi: 10.002/2013EF000165 [PDF]

2012

Trenberth, K. E., 2012: Framing the way to relate climate extremes to climate change. Climatic Change, 115, Issue 2, 283-290, doi: 10.1007/s10584-012-0441-5 [Article] [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E. and J. T. Fasullo, 2012: Climate extremes and climate change: The Russian Heat Wave and other Climate Extremes of 2010. J. Geophys. Res., 117, D17103, doi: 10.1029/2012JD018020 [PDF]

Wang, K., R. E. Dickinson, L. Su, and K. E. Trenberth, 2012: Contrasting Trends of Mass and Optical Properties of Aerosols over the Northern Hemisphere from 1992 to 2011. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 9387-9398, doi: 10.5194/acp-12-9387-2012 [Article]

Fasullo, J. T., and K. E. Trenberth, 2012: A less cloudy future: The role of subtropical subsidence in climate sensitivity. Science, 338, 792-794. doi: 10.1126/science.1227465 [Article] [PDF]

2011

Abraham, J., J. Gorman, F. Reseghetti, K. Trenberth, and W. Minkowycz, 2011: A New Method of Calculating Ocean Temperatures Using Expendable Bathythermographs, Energy and Environment Research, 1, 2-11 [PDF]

Meehl, G. A., J. M. Arblaster, J. T. Fasullo, A. Hu, and K. E. Trenberth, 2011: Model-based evidence of deep-ocean heat uptake during surface-temperature hiatus periods. Nature Climate Change, 1, 360-364, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE122 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2011: Book Review - The Climate Crisis: An introductory guide to climate change. EOS, 92, No. 24 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2011: Changes in precipitation with climate change. Climate Research, 47, 123-138, doi: 10.3354/cr00953 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2011: Attribution of climate variations and trends to human influences and natural variability. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews (WIREs) Climate Change, Wiley-Blackwell, November 2011, doi: 10.1002/wcc.142 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E. and J. T. Fasullo, 2011: Tracking Earth's energy: From El Niño to global warming. Surveys in Geophysics, Special Issue, doi: 10.1007/s10712-011-9150-2 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., J. T. Fasullo, and J. P. Abraham, 2011: Issues in establishing climate sensitivity in recent studies. Remote Sensing, 3(9), 2051-2056, doi: 10.3390/rs3092061 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., J. T. Fasullo, and J. Mackaro, 2011: Atmospheric moisture transports from ocean to land and global energy flows in reanalyses. J. Climate, 24, 4907-4924, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI4171.1 [PDF]

2010

Foster, G., J. D. Annan, P. D. Jones, M. E. Mann, B. Mullan, J. Renwick, J. Salinger, G. A. Schmidt, and K. E. Trenberth, 2010: Comment on "Influence of the Southern Oscillation on tropospheric temperature" by J. D. McLean, C. R. de Freitas, and R. M. Carter. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D09110, doi: 10.1029/2009JD012690 [PDF] [Article]

Shapiro, M., J. Shukla, G. Brunet, C. Nobre, M. Béland, R. Dole, K. Trenberth, R. Anthes, G. Asrar, L. Barrie, P. Bougeault, G. Brasseur, D. Burridge, A. Busalacchi, J. Caughey, D. Chen, J. Church, T. Enomoto, B. Hoskins, O. Hov, A. Laing, H. Le Treut, J. Marotzke, G. McBean, G. Meehl, M. Miller, B. Mills, J. Mitchell, M. Moncrieff, T. Nakazawa, H. Olafsson, T. Palmer, D. Parsons, D. Rogers, A. Simmons, A. Troccoli, Z. Toth, L. Uccellini, C. Velden, M. Wallace, 2010: An Earth-system prediction initiative for the 21st century. Bull Amer. Meteor. Soc., 10.1175/2010BAMS2944.1 [PDF]

Trenberth, K.E., 2010: More knowledge, less certainty. Nature Reports Climate Change, 21 Jan 2010, 20-21, doi: 10.1038/climate.2010.06 Commentary [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2010: The ocean is warming, isn't it? Nature, 465, 304 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2010: Fixing the planet? Science, 26, 1178-1179, doi: 10.1126/science.1197874 [Summary] [PDF] [Article]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. T. Fasullo, 2010: Simulation of present day and 21st century energy budgets of the southern oceans. J. Climate, 23, No. 2, 440-454 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. T. Fasullo, 2010: Tracking Earth's energy. Science, 328, 316-317 [Summary], [PDF], [Article]

Trenberth, K. E., J. T. Fasullo, C. O'Dell, and T. Wong, 2010: Relationships between tropical sea surface temperatures and top-of-atmosphere radiation. Geophys. Res. Ltt., 37, L03702, doi: 10.1029/2009GL042314 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and L. Smith, 2010: The three dimensional structure of the atmospheric energy budget: methodology and evaluation. Clim. Dyn., 32, 1065-1079, doi: 10.1007/s00382-008-0389-3 [PDF] [Article]

Zolina, O., V. Detemmerman, and K. E. Trenberth 2010: Improving the accuracy of estimation of climate extremes. Workshop on "Metrics and methodologies of estimation of extreme climate events". Paris, France, 27-29 September 2010. Eos, 91, No. 51, 506 [PDF]

2009

Dai, A., T. Qian, K. E. Trenberth, and J. D Milliman, 2009: Changes in continental freshwater discharge from 1948-2004. J. Climate, 22, 2773-2791 [PDF]

Doherty, S. J., S. Bojinski, A. Henderson-Sellers, K. Noone, D. Goodrich, N. L. Bindoff, J. A. Church, K. A. Hibbard, T. R. Karl, L. Kajfez-Bogataj, A. H. Lynch, D. E. Parker, I. C. Prentice, V. Ramaswamy, R. W. Saunders, M. Stafford Smith, K. Steffen, T. F. Stocker, P. W. Thorne, K. E. Trenberth, M. M. Verstraete, and F. W. Zwiers, 2009: Lessons learned from IPCC AR4: Scientific developments needed to understand, predict and respond to climate change. Bull Amer. Meteor. Soc., 90, 497-513 [PDF]

Stott, P., and K. Trenberth, 2009: Linking extreme weather to climate variability and change. Eos, 90, 21, 26 May 2009, 184

Trenberth, K. E., 2009: Geoengineering: What, how, and for whom? Physics Today, 62, No. 2 (Letters), 10-12 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2009: An imperative for climate change planning: tracking Earth's global energy. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 1, 19-27, doi: 10.1016/j.cosust.2009.06.001 [PDF] [Article]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. T. Fasullo, 2009: Global warming due to increasing absorbed solar radiation. Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 36, L07706, doi: 10.1029/2009GL037527 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. T. Fasullo, 2009: Changes in the flow of energy through the Earth's climate system. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 18, No. 4, 369-377 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., J. T. Fasullo, and J. Kiehl, 2009: Earth's global energy budget. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 90, No. 3, 311-324, doi: 10.1175/2008BAMS2634.1 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and L. Smith, 2009: Variations in the three dimensional structure of the atmospheric circulation with different flavors of El Niño. J. Climate, 22, No. 11, 2978-2991, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2691.1 [PDF]

2008

Anthes, R. A., P. A. Bernhardt, Y. Chen, L. Cucurull, K. F. Dymond, D. Ector, S. Healy, S.-P. Ho, D. C. Hunt, Y.-H. Kuo, H. Liu, K. Manning, C. McCormick, T. K. Meehan, W. J. Randel, C. Rocken, W. Schreiner, S. V. Sokolovskiy, S. Syndergaard, D. C. Thompson, K. E. Trenberth, T-K. Wee, N. L. Yen, and Z. Zeng, 2008: The COSMIC/FORMOSAT-3 mission: Early results. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 89, 313-333 [PDF]

Fasullo, J. T., and K. E. Trenberth, 2008: The annual cycle of the energy budget. Part I: Global mean and land-ocean exchanges. J. Climate, 21, 2297-2312 [PDF]

Fasullo, J. T., and K. E. Trenberth, 2008: The annual cycle of the energy budget. Part II: Meridional structures and poleward transports. J. Climate, 21, 2313-2325 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2008: Observational needs for climate prediction and adaptation. WMO Bulletin, 57 (1), 17-21 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. Fasullo, 2008: An observational estimate of ocean energy divergence. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38, 984-999 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. Fasullo, 2008: The energy budgets of Atlantic hurricanes and changes from 1970. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 9, doi: 10.1029/2007GC001847 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and L. Smith, 2008: Atmospheric energy budgets in the Japanese Reanalysis: Evaluation and variability. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 86, 579-592 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., T. Koike, and K. Onogi, 2008: Progress and prospects in reanalysis. Eos, 89, 26, 24 June 2008, 234-235 [PDF]

2007

Qian, T., A. Dai, and K. E. Trenberth, 2007: Hydroclimatic trends in the Mississippi river basin from 1948 to 2004. J. Climate, 20, 4599-4614 [PDF]

Serreze, M. C., A. P. Barrett, A. J. Slater, M. Steele, J. Zhang, and K. E. Trenberth, 2007: The large-scale energy budget of the Arctic. J. Geophys. Res., 112, D11122, doi: 10.1029/2006JD008230 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and A. Dai, 2007: Effects of Mount Pinatubo volcanic eruption on the hydrological cycle as an analog of geoengineering. Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 34, L15702, doi:10.1029/2007GL030524 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., C. A. Davis and J. Fasullo, 2007: Water and energy budgets of hurricanes: Case studies of Ivan and Katrina . J. Geophys. Res., 112, D23106, doi:10.1029/2006JD008303 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. Fasullo, 2007: Water and energy budgets of hurricanes and implications for climate change. J. Geophys. Res., 112, D23107, doi: 10.1029/2006JD008304 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., L. Smith, T. Qian, A. Dai and J. Fasullo, 2007: Estimates of the global water budget and its annual cycle using observational and model data. J. Hydrometeor, 8, 758-769 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2007: Warmer oceans, stronger hurricanes. Scientific American, July, 2007, 45-51 [PDF]

2006

Anthes, R. A., R.W. Corell, G. Holland, J. W. Hurrell, M. MacCracken, K.E. Trenberth, 2006: Hurricanes and Global Warming: Potential Linkages and Consequences. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 87, 623-628

Dai, A., T. R. Karl, B. Sun, K. E. Trenberth, 2006: Recent trends in cloudiness over the United States: A tale of monitoring inadequacies. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 87, 597-606 [PDF]

Qian, T., A. Dai, K. E. Trenberth, K. W. Oleson, 2006: Simulation of Global Land Surface Conditions from 1948 to 2002: Part I: Forcing Data and Evaluations. J. Hydromet., 7, 953-975 [PDF]

Simmons, A., K. E. Trenberth and S. Uppala, 2006: Future needs in atmospheric reanalysis. Eos, 87, pp 583, 587

Su, F., J. C. Adam, K. E. Trenberth, D. P. Lettenmaier, 2006: Evaluation of surface water fluxes of the pan-Arctic land region with a land surface model and ERA-40 reanalysis. J. Geophys. Res., 111, D05 110, doi:10.1029/2005JD006387 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2006: The role of the oceans in climate. Flotsam and Jetsam, 35, 1, 5-7

Trenberth, K. E., B. Moore, T. R. Karl, and C. Nobre, 2006: Monitoring and prediction of the Earth's climate: A future perspective. J. Climate, (CLIVAR special issue), 19, 5001-5008 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and D. J. Shea (2006), Atlantic hurricanes and natural variability in 2005, Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 33, L12704, doi:10.1029/2006GL026894 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and L. Smith, 2006: The vertical structure of temperature in the tropics: Different flavors of El Nino. J. Clim., 19, 4956-4973 [PDF]

2005

Trenberth, K. E., and D. J. Shea, 2005: Relationships between precipitation and surface temperature. Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 32, L14703, doi:10.1029/2005GL022760 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., J. Fasullo, and L. Smith, 2005: Trends and variability in column-integrated atmospheric water vapor. Clim. Dyn., 24, 741-758 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and L. Smith, 2005: The Mass of the Atmosphere: a Constraint on Global Analyses. J. Climate, 18, 864-875 [Abstract] [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak and L. Smith, 2005: Interannual variability of patterns of atmospheric mass distribution. J. Climate, 18, 2812-2825 [Abstract] [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2005: Uncertainty in Hurricanes and Global Warming. Science, 308, 1753-1754 [Summary] [Paper]

Trenberth, K. E., 2005: A changing world for climate research. Geotimes, December 2005, 24-25

Trenberth, K. E., 2005: Observed global changes in climate. Changements Climatiques: quels impacts en France. Greenpeace Climate Impact Report, November 2005, 16pp

Trenberth, K. E., J. W. Hurrell, D. P. Stepaniak, 2005: The Asian monsoon: Global perspectives. Asian Monsoon, B. Wang, Ed., Praxis Publishing Ltd. 67-87 and color section 9-19

Uppala, S. M., P. W. Kållberg, A. J. Simmons, U. Andrae, V. da Costa Bechtold, M. Fiorino, J. K Gibson, J. Haseler, A. Hernandez, G. A. Kelly, X. Li, K. Onogi, S. Saarinen, N. Sokka, R. P. Allan, E. Andersson, K. Arpe, M. A. Balmaseda, A. C. M. Beljaars, L. van de Berg, J. Bidlot, N.Bormann, S. Caires, A. Dethof, M. Dragosavac, M. Fisher, M. Fuentes, S. Hagemann, E. Hólm, B. J. Hoskins, L. Isaksen, P. A. E. M. Janssen, A. P. McNally, J.-F. Mahfouf, R. Jenne, J.-J. Morcrette, N. A Rayner, R. W. Saunders, P. Simon, A. Sterl, K. E. Trenberth, A. Untch, D. Vasiljevic, P. Viterbo and J. Woollen 2005: The ERA-40 reanalysis. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc.131, 2961-3012 [PDF]

2004

Dai, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 2004: The diurnal cycle and its depiction in the Community Climate System Model. J. Climate, 17, 930-951 [Abstract] [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2004: Rural land-use change and climate. Nature, 427, 213-214 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., J. Overpeck and S. Solomon, 2004: Exploring drought and its implications for the future. Eos, 85, No. 3, 20 Jan 2004, 27-29 [PDF]

Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth and T. Qian, 2004: A global data set of Palmer Drought Severity Index for 1870-2002: Relationship with soil moisture and effects of surface warming. J. Hydrometeor., 5, 1117-1130 [PDF]

Dai, A., P. J. Lamb, K. E. Trenberth, M. Hulme, P. D. Jones and P. Xie, 2004: The recent Sahel drought is real. Intl. J. Climatol., 24, 1323-1331 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2004: The flow of energy through the Earth's climate system. Symons Lecture 2004. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 130, 2677-2701 [PDF]

2003

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak and J. M. Caron, 2003: Preliminary evaluation of vertically-integrated fluxes of moisture and energy from ERA-40. Proj. Rep. Ser. 3, 265-266

Karl, T. R., Trenberth, K. E., 2003: Modern Global Climate Change. Science 302, 1719-1723 [Abstract] [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., A. Dai, R. M. Rasmussen and D. B. Parsons, 2003: The changing character of precipitation. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 84, 1205-1217 [Abstract] [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and B. L. Otto-Bliesner, 2003: Toward integrated reconstructions of past climates. Science, 300, 589-591 [Summary] [Paper]

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2003: Co-variability of components of poleward atmospheric energy transports on seasonal and interannual timescales. J. Climate, 16, 3691-3705. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2003: Seamless poleward atmospheric energy transports and implications for the Hadley circulation. J. Climate, 16, 3706-3722. [PDF]

Mann, M. E., C. Ammann, R. S. Bradley, K. Briffa, T. J. Crowley, M. Hughes, P. D. Jones, T. Osborn. M. Oppenheimer, J. Overpeck, S. Rutherford, K. E. Trenberth, T. M. L. Wigley, 2003: On past temperatures and anomalous late 20th Century warmth. Eos, 84, No. 27, 8 July 2003, 256-257.

Mann, M. E., C. Ammann, R. S. Bradley, K. Briffa, T. J. Crowley, M. Hughes, P. D. Jones, T. Osborn. M. Oppenheimer, J. Overpeck, S. Rutherford, K. E. Trenberth, T. M. L. Wigley, 2003: Response to comment "On past temperatures and anomalous late 20th Century warmth." Eos, 84, No. 44, 4 Nov 2003, 473,476

2002

Trenberth K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2002: A pathological problem with NCEP reanalyses in the stratosphere, J. Climate, 15, pp. 690-695 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak, and J. M. Caron 2002: Interannual variations in the atmospheric heat budget J. Geophys. Res., 107, D8, 10.1029/2000JD000297 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., J. M. Caron, D. P. Stepaniak, and S. Worley 2002: The evolution of ENSO and global atmospheric surface temperatures J. Geophys. Res., 107, D8, 10.1029/2000JD000298 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak and J. M. Caron, 2002: Accuracy of atmospheric energy budgets from analyses. J. Climate, 15, 3343-3360 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., T. R. Karl and T. W. Spence, 2002: The need for a systems approach to climate observations. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 83, 1593-1602 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2002: Changes in tropical clouds and radiation: Are they real? Science, 296, (21 June 2002) 2095a [Article]

Dai, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 2002: Estimates of freshwater discharge from continents: Latitudinal and seasonal variations. J. Hydrometeor, 3, 660-687 [PDF]

2001

Trenberth, K. E., J. M. Caron and D. P. Stepaniak, 2001: The atmospheric energy budget and implications for surface fluxes and ocean heat transports. Clim. Dyn., 17, 259-276 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2001: Indices of El Niño evolution. J. Climate., 14, 1697-1701 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. M. Caron, 2001: Estimates of meridional atmosphere and ocean heat transports. J. Climate., 14, 3433-3443 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2001: Climate variability and global warming. Science, 293, 48-49 [Article]

Trenberth K. E., 2001: Stronger Evidence of Human Influence on Climate: The 2001 IPCC Assessment, Environment, 43, 4, pp. 8-19. (Cover Story) [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak, J. W. Hurrell and M. Fiorino, 2001: Quality of reanalyses in the tropics. J. Climate, 14, 1499-1510 [PDF]

2000

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak and J. M. Caron, 2000: The global monsoon as seen through the divergent atmospheric circulation. J. Climate, 13, 3969-3993 [PDF]

Hurrell, J. W., S. J. Brown, K. E. Trenberth and J. R. Christy, 2000: Comparison of tropospheric temperatures from radiosondes and satellites: 1979-1998. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 81, 2165-2177 [PDF]

Easterling, D. R., T. R. Karl, K. P. Gallo, D. A. Robinson, K. E. Trenberth, and A. Dai, 2000: Observed climate variability and change of relevance to the Biosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 20101-20114

Trenberth, K. E., and J. M. Caron, 2000: The Southern Oscillation revisited: Sea level pressures, surface temperatures and precipitation. J. Climate, 13, 4358-4365 [PDF]

1999

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Conceptual framework for changes of extremes of the hydrological cycle with climate change. Climatic Change, 42, 327-339 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Atmospheric moisture recycling: Role of advection and local evaporation. J. Climate, 12, 1368-1381 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and T. Owen, 1999: Workshop on indices and indicators for climate extremes, Asheville, NC, USA., 3-6 June 1997: Breakout Group A: Storms. Climatic Change, 42, 9-21

Dai, A., F. Giorgi and K. E. Trenberth, 1999: Observed and model simulated precipitation diurnal cycles over the contiguous United States J. Geophys. Res., 104, 6377-6402 [PDF]

Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth and T. R. Karl, 1999: Effects of clouds, soil moisture, precipitation and water vapor on diurnal temperature range. J. Climate, 12, 2451-2473 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Global climate project shows early promise. Eos, 80, 24, (June 15, 1999), 269, 274-275

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: The climate system and climate change. Current topics in Wetland Biogeochemistry, 3, 4-15

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: The extreme weather events of 1997 and 1998 Consequences, Vol 5, 1, 2-15 [PDF]

Hurrell, J. W., and K. E. Trenberth, 1999: Global sea surface temperature analyses: multiple problems and their implications for climate analysis, modeling and reanalysis. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 80, 2661-2678 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. W. Hurrell, 1999: Comment on "The interpretation of short climate records with comments on the North Atlantic and Southern Oscillations", Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 80, 2721-2722

Trenberth, K. E., and J. W. Hurrell, 1999: Reply to Rajagopalan, Lall and Cane's comment about ``The interpretation of short climate records with comments on the North Atlantic and Southern Oscillations'', Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 80, 2726-2728

Karl, T., and K. Trenberth, 1999: The human impact on climate. Scientific American. December. 100-105

1998

Trenberth, K. E., and C. J. Guillemot, 1998: Evaluation of the atmospheric moisture and hydrological cycle in the NCEP/NCAR reanalyses. Climate Dyn., 14, 213-231 [PDF]

Hurrell, J. W., and K. E. Trenberth, 1998: Difficulties in obtaining reliable temperature trends: Reconciling the surface and satellite MSU Records. J. Climate, 11, 945-967 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., G. W. Branstator, D. Karoly, A. Kumar, N-C. Lau, and C. Ropelewski, 1998: Progress during TOGA in understanding and modeling global teleconnections associated with tropical sea surface temperatures. J. Geophys. Res., 103 (special TOGA issue), 14291-14324 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 1998: Atmospheric moisture residence times and cycling: Implications for rainfall rates with climate change. Climatic Change, 39, 667-694 [PDF]

Sun, D-Z, and K. E. Trenberth, 1998: Coordinated heat removal from the tropical Pacific during the 1986-87 El Niño. Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 25, 2659-2662

Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth and T. R. Karl 1998: Global variations in droughts and wet spells: 1900-1995. Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 25, 3367-3370

Trenberth, K. E., 1998: El Niño and global warming. Current: The J. Marine Education, 15, 12-18

1997

Kiehl, J. T., and K. E. Trenberth, 1997: Earth's annual global mean energy budget. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 78, 197-208 [Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: Using atmospheric budgets as a constraint on surface fluxes. J. Climate, 10, 2796-2809 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: Short-term climate variations: Recent accomplishments and issues for future progress. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 78, 1081-1096

Hurrell, J. W., and K. E. Trenberth, 1997: Spurious trends in the satellite MSU temperature record arising from merging different satellite records. Nature, 386, 164-167

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: The use and abuse of climate models in climate change research. Nature, 386, 131-133 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. W. Hurrell, 1997: How accurate are satellite 'thermometers'. Nature, 389, 342-343

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: The definition of El Niño. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 78, 2771-2777 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: Global Warming: It's happening. naturalSCIENCE, 1, article 9. (Electronic Journal)

Trenberth, K. E., and T. J. Hoar, 1997: El Niño and climate change. Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 24, 3057-3060 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: The science of global climate change. Jobs and Capital, VI, 4, 20-25 [Article]

1996

Ware, R., M. Exner, D. Feng, M. Gorbunov, K. Hardy, B. Herman, W. Kuo, T. Meehan, W. Melbourne, C. Rocken, W. Schreiner, S. Sokolovskiy, F. Solheim, X. Zou, R. Anthes, S. Businger and K. Trenberth, 1996: GPS sounding of the atmosphere from low Earth orbit: Preliminary results. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 77, 19-40

Trenberth, K. E., and T. J. Hoar, 1996: The 1990-1995 El Niño-Southern Oscillation Event: Longest on record. Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 23, 57-60 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and C. J. Guillemot, 1996: Physical processes involved in the 1988 drought and 1993 floods in North America. J. Climate, 9, 1288-1298 [Abstract]

Hurrell, J. W., and K. E. Trenberth, 1996: Satellite versus surface estimates of air temperature since 1979. J. Climate, 9, 2222-2232 [PDF] [Abstract]

1995

Trenberth, K. E. and J. W. Hurrell, 1995: Decadal coupled atmosphere-ocean variations in the North Pacific Ocean. In Climate change and northern fish populations. Canad. Spec. Publ. Fisheries Aquatic Sciences. R. J. Beamish (Ed.) 121, 15-24

Trenberth, K. E., 1995: Truncation and use of model-coordinate data.Tellus, 47, 287-303

Trenberth, K. E., J. W. Hurrell and A. Solomon, 1995: Conservation of mass in three dimensions. J. Climate, 8, 692-708 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and C. J. Guillemot, 1995: Evaluation of the global atmospheric moisture budget as seen from analyses. J. Climate, 8, 2255-2272. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 1995: Atmospheric circulation climate changes. Climatic Change, 31, 427-453

Karl, T., F. Bretherton, W. Easterling and K. Trenberth, 1995: Long-term climate monitoring of the global climate observing system (GCOS). An editorial. Climatic Change, 31, 135-147

Trenberth, K. E., 1995: Long-term climate monitoring of the global climate observing system (GCOS). Report of Breakout Group B – Climatic responses and feedbacks. An editorial. Climatic Change, 31, 163-180

1994

Trenberth, Kevin E. and Amy Solomon: 1994: The global heat balance: heat transports in the atmosphere and ocean. Climate Dynamics, 10, 3, 107-134 [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E. and J. W. Hurrell, 1994: Decadal atmosphere--ocean variations in the Pacific. Climate Dynamics, 9, 303--319 [PDF]


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Presentations

* We request that you ask the author's permission to use any materials from the presentations linked to below

  • Changes in extremes with climate change". Public "2018 Bownocker lecture and medal" given 27 September 2018 at the School of Earth Sciences, Ohio State University, Columbus Ohio
    Compressed Powerpoint
  • Invited keynote presentation, "50 Shades of climate change", Rocky Mountain Chapter of ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers) technical conference Lakewood, CO, April 28 2017 (slightly modified and with degraded graphics)
    Powerpoint Presentation [36MB]
  • Invited keynote plenary talk, “Insights into Earth's Energy Imbalance from multiple sources”, 50th Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society Congress, Fredericton, New Brunswick, May 29-2 June, 2016
    Powerpoint Presentation
  • Invited talk, "Attribution of extreme climate events", 50th Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society Congress, Fredericton, New Brunswick, May 29-2 June, 2016
    Powerpoint Presentation
  • Invited keynote talk to 2016 Boulder Climate Leaders Workshop, "Global Warming is Alive and Well (not that this is a good thing)", Downtown Boulder, CO, 28 April 2016
    Powerpoint Presentations [29.4MB]
  • Invited public lecture, "Climate disruption in the U.S.: The fifty shades of climate change" North Jersey Public Policy lecture, Ramapo College of NJ, Mahwah, NJ 07480, 26 March 2015
    Powerpoint Presentation
  • Invited talk, "How Does Drought Change With Climate Change" American Geophysical Union, Drought and Its Impacts on Terrestrial Ecosystems: Current Understanding and Future Prospects I session, San Francisco, 16 Dec. 2014
    Powerpoint Presentation
  • Invited public lecture (Peter Schroder lecture): Climate change: It's about the data isn't it? Michigan State University, East Lansing MI, 18 Sept, 2014
    Powerpoint Presentation
  • Invited talk Conference on World Affairs: "Climate Change: It's about the data not the politics'", Colorado University, Boulder, CO, 11 April 2014
    Powerpoint Presentation
  • Invited keynote talk: "Climate Change and Water: From the Globe to Utah", Spring Runoff Conference, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, 1 April 2014
    Powerpoint Presentation
  • Invited public lecture: Distinguished Lecture Series, New Jersey Public Policy Network (NJPPN): "Global warming: Coming ready or not!", Ridgewood Public Library, 31 August 2012
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • "Destination Antarctica: 2012." This is a low resolution PDF version of the original Powerpoint presentation (the original is too large to post) describing my inspirational voyage on the National Geographic Explorer with Al Gore's Climate Reality Project, 28 January - 6 February 2012
    PDF
  • Keynote plenary talk "Challenges of a sustained climate observing system." WCRP Open Science Conference, Denver, CO 24 - 28 October 2011
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • Invited keynote talk “Tracking Earth Energy: from El Niño to global warming.” SORCE Science Meeting “Decadal cycles in the sun, sun-like stars, and Earth’s climate system”, Sedona, AZ 13-16 September 2011
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • Invited presentation "Physical understanding of changes in extremes of precipitation with climate change," ASP Colloquium, NCAR, Boulder, CO, 6 June 2011
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • "The role of the ocean in climate," invited presentation at Simon Fraser University, British Columbia, 15 March 2011
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • "Communicating Climate Change: In Honor of Stephen Schneider." presented at the 91st American Meteorological Society Meeting Special Session on Promoting Climate Change Information and Communication of Climate Change, Seattle, WA, 26 January 2011
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • "The New GEWEX," presented at the American Meteorological Society 23rd Conference on Climate Variability and Change, Special Session on WCRP Projects, Seattle, WA, 25 January 2011
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • Invited talk "Building a Climate Information System," Third Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth (ACRE) workshop, Baltimore, MD, 3-5 November 2010
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • Invited opening talk "An overview of atmospheric reanalyses" Workshop on Evaluation of Reanalyses- Developing and Integrated Earth System Analysis (IESA) Capability. Baltimore, MD. 1-3 November 2010
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • Invited public lecture, UCLA, "Global Warming: Coming Ready or Not!" Sponsored by the Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics (IPAM), Los Angeles, CA, 5 May 2010
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • Invited Keynote Address, "The Earth's Climate System: Variability and Change," Symposium on Climate Change Effects on Fish and Fisheries, Sendai, Japan, 26-29 April 2009
    Video Presentation
  • Invited presentation, "Climate Change and the IPCC," Tokio Marine's Summit on Global Warming and Climate Change, Atlanta, GA, 23 April 2010
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • Invited presentation, "Potential impacts of climate change on precipitation," 3rd Kaplan Symposium Challenges of the Global water Shortage, Sea of Galilee, Israel, 11 April 2010
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • Invited talk "Aspects of a climate observing system: energy and water," GEWEX/iLEAPS "Water in a Changing Climate" Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 24-28 August 2009
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • Invited plenary talks “An observational perspective on changes in the global hydrological cycle,” 2009 Royal Meteorological Society conference, Reading, U.K. 27 June-2 July 2009. and “Changes in precipitation and runoff in a changing climate” to Gordon Research Conference on Radiation and Climate, New London, NH, 4-9 July 2009
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • Invited presentation to the NCAR Undergraduate Leadership Workshop, "Climate Change: Updated Scientific Assessment," 15 June 2009, NCAR, Boulder, CO
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • Keynote address, "Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events," Catastrophe Modeling Forum, New York, NY., 11-12 June 2008
    Powerpoint Presentation, PDF
  • Invited speaker, 2008 EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research (ECAR) Summer Symposium, "Global warming affects us all; What must be done",St. Julien Hotel, Boulder, CO, 10 June 2008
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • Invited keynote speaker in the American Geophysical Union's 2008 spring meeting in the Union session on "Understanding and Predicting Water and Energy Cycle Changes", on "Earth's changing energy and water cycles", 'Anticipated and Observed Trends in the Global Hydrological Cycle', Fort Lauderdale, FL, 28 May 2008
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • Invited keynote plenary talk, 'Global warming is unequivocal', Transport--The next 50 years conference, Christchurch, New Zealand, 25-27 July, 2007
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • 'Climate and weather forecasting: Issues and prospects for prediction of climate on multiple time scales'. Invited keynote presentation (1 hour) by Kevin E. Trenberth at the 27th Annual International Symposium on Forecasting (ISF), in New York City on 26 June 2007
    See also http://theclimatebet.com/.
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • Invited Public lecture,'Global warming is unequivocal', University of Wisconsin, Madison. 23 April 2007
    Powerpoint Presentation PDF
  • Invited keynote talk,'Progress Toward Integrated Earth System Analysis', 11th Conference on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for Atmosphere, Oceans and Land Surface (IOAS-AOLS), "Toward an Integrated Earth System Analysis" 14-18 January 2007 at the American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting in San Antonio, Texas
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • 'Global Environmental Change Science and Relation to International Environmental Assessments and Conventions', presented at the ESSP Conference on Global Change Science in Beijing, 8-12 Nov 2006
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • 'Attribution of Recent Increases in Atlantic Hurricane Activity', presented at the 31st Annual Climate Diagnostics Workshop, Boulder, CO, 23-27 October, 2006, and participation in Forum of Panel of Experts on outstanding attribution questions
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • 'Global climate change and drought in the West', presented as an invited talk at the National Wildlife Federation, Golden CO, Sept. 27, 2006, and previously as invited speaker at Public climate seminar led by ABC TV Channel 7 (Mike Nelson), "Climate change and water in the West", April 12, 2006, Omni, Broomfield CO, and elsewhere
    Powerpoint Presentation
    pdf file
  • 'The Earth's Climate System: Variability and change', presented most recently as an invited talk at the NCAR summer colloquium on Climate and Health,16-21 July 2006, Boulder, CO
    Powerpoint Presentation
    PDF
  • 'Observations and their Analysis for WCRP/COPES', presented as an invited talk at the WCRP reanalysis conference,ECMWF, Reading, U.K. 19-22 June, 2006
    Powerpoint presentation
    pdf file
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Presentations

* We request that you ask the author's permission to use any materials from the presentations linked to below

  • Invited keynote presentation, "50 Shades of climate change", Rocky Mountain Chapter of ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers) technical conference Lakewood, CO, April 28 2017 (slightly modified and with degraded graphics), note size 36 MB. Powerpoint Presentation
  • Invited keynote plenary talk, “Insights into Earth's Energy Imbalance from multiple sources”, 50th Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society Congress, Fredericton, New Brunswick, May 29-2 June, 2016. Powerpoint Presentation
  • Invited talk, "Attribution of extreme climate events", 50th Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society Congress, Fredericton, New Brunswick, May 29-2 June, 2016. Powerpoint Presentation
  • Invited keynote talk to 2016 Boulder Climate Leaders Workshop, "Global Warming is Alive and Well (not that this is a good thing)", Downtown Boulder, CO, 28 April 2016. Powerpoint Presentations (29.4 MB)
  • Invited public lecture, "Climate disruption in the U.S.: The fifty shades of climate change" North Jersey Public Policy lecture, Ramapo College of NJ, Mahwah, NJ 07480, 26 March 2015 . Powerpoint Presentation
  • Invited talk, "How Does Drought Change With Climate Change" American Geophysical Union, Drought and Its Impacts on Terrestrial Ecosystems: Current Understanding and Future Prospects I session, San Francisco, 16 Dec. 2014. Powerpoint Presentation
  • Invited public lecture (Peter Schroder lecture): Climate change: It's about the data isn't it? Michigan State University, East Lansing MI, 18 Sept, 2014 Powerpoint Presentation
  • Invited talk Conference on World Affairs: "Climate Change: It's about the data not the politics'", Colorado University, Boulder, CO, 11 April 2014 Powerpoint Presentation
  • Invited keynote talk: "Climate Change and Water: From the Globe to Utah", Spring Runoff Conference, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, 1 April 2014 Powerpoint Presentation
  • Invited public lecture: Distinguished Lecture Series, New Jersey Public Policy Network (NJPPN): "Global warming: Coming ready or not!", Ridgewood Public Library, 31 August 2012. Powerpoint presentation, PDF
  • "Destination Antarctica: 2012." This is a low resolution PDF version of the original Powerpoint presentation (the original is too large to post) describing my inspirational voyage on the National Geographic Explorer with Al Gore's Climate Reality Project, 28 January - 6 February 2012. PDF

  • Keynote plenary talk "Challenges of a sustained climate observing system." WCRP Open Science Conference, Denver, CO 24 - 28 October 2011. Powerpoint presentation, PDF
  • Invited keynote talk “Tracking Earth Energy: from El Niño to global warming.” SORCE Science Meeting “Decadal cycles in the sun, sun-like stars, and Earth’s climate system”, Sedona, AZ 13-16 September 2011. Powerpoint presentation, PDF

  • Invited presentation "Physical understanding of changes in extremes of precipitation with climate change," ASP Colloquium, NCAR, Boulder, CO, 6 June 2011. Powerpoint presentation, PDF

  • "The role of the ocean in climate," invited presentation at Simon Fraser University, British Columbia, 15 March 2011. Powerpoint presentation, PDF

  • "Communicating Climate Change: In Honor of Stephen Schneider," presented at the 91st American Meteorological Society Meeting Special Session on Promoting Climate Change Information and Communication of Climate Change, Seattle, WA, 26 January 2011. Powerpoint Presentation, PDF

  • "The New GEWEX," presented at the American Meteorological Society 23rd Conference on Climate Variability and Change, Special Session on WCRP Projects, Seattle, WA, 25 January 2011. Powerpoint presentation, PDF

  • Invited talk "Building a Climate Information System," Third Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth (ACRE) workshop, Baltimore, MD, 3-5 November 2010. PowerPoint presentation, PDF

  • Invited opening talk "An overview of atmospheric reanalyses" Workshop on Evaluation of Reanalyses- Developing and Integrated Earth System Analysis (IESA) Capability. Baltimore, MD. 1-3 November 2010. Powerpoint presentation, PDF

  • Invited public lecture, UCLA, "Global Warming: Coming Ready or Not!" Sponsored by the Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics (IPAM), Los Angeles, CA, 5 May 2010 Powerpoint presentation, PDF

  • Invited Keynote Address, "The Earth's Climate System: Variability and Change," Symposium on Climate Change Effects on Fish and Fisheries, Sendai, Japan, 26-29 April 2009. Video presentation

  • Invited presentation, "Climate Change and the IPCC," Tokio Marine's Summit on Global Warming and Climate Change, Atlanta, GA, 23 April 2010. Powerpoint presentation, pdf file

  • Invited presentation, "Potential impacts of climate change on precipitation," 3rd Kaplan Symposium Challenges of the Global water Shortage, Sea of Galilee, Israel, 11 April 2010. Powerpoint presentation, pdf file

  • Invited talk "Aspects of a climate observing system: energy and water," GEWEX/iLEAPS "Water in a Changing Climate" Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 24-28 August 2009.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file

  • Invited plenary talks “An observational perspective on changes in the global hydrological cycle,” 2009 Royal Meteorological Society conference, Reading, U.K. 27 June-2 July 2009. and “Changes in precipitation and runoff in a changing climate” to Gordon Research Conference on Radiation and Climate, New London, NH, 4-9 July 2009.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file

  • Invited presentation to the NCAR Undergraduate Leadership Workshop, "Climate Change: Updated Scientific Assessment," 15 June 2009, NCAR, Boulder, CO.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file

  • Invited keynote speaker, "The flow of energy through the Earth's climate system," workshop on "Variability of the Global Atmospheric Circulation During the Past 100 Years", 15-20 June 2008, Monte Verita, Switzerland.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file.
    Access the corresponding movie files (Windows Media player required): delFO_ac_1008_2x.wmv, doedt_rt_ac_1008_2x.wmv, fs_ac_1008_2x.wmv, net_fm1_ac_1008_2x.wmv, tediv_ac_1008_2x.wmv.

    Keynote address, "Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events," Catastrophe Modeling Forum, New York, NY., 11-12 June 2008.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file.

  • Invited speaker, 2008 EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research (ECAR) Summer Symposium, "Global warming affects us all; What must be done",St. Julien Hotel, Boulder, CO, 10 June 2008.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file.

  • Invited keynote speaker in the American Geophysical Union's 2008 spring meeting in the Union session on "Understanding and Predicting Water and Energy Cycle Changes", on "Earth's changing energy and water cycles", 'Anticipated and Observed Trends in the Global Hydrological Cycle', Fort Lauderdale, FL, 28 May 2008.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file

  • Invited NCAR/NESL Public lecture, 'Global warming: Coming ready or not', NCAR, Boulder, Colorado, 18 October, 2007.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file,Webcast (ram)

  • Invited keynote plenary talk, 'Global warming is unequivocal', Transport--The next 50 years conference, Christchurch, New Zealand, 25-27 July, 2007.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file

  • 'Climate and weather forecasting: Issues and prospects for prediction of climate on multiple time scales'. Invited keynote presentation (1 hour) by Kevin E. Trenberth at the 27th Annual International Symposium on Forecasting (ISF), in New York City on 26 June 2007.
    See also http://theclimatebet.com/.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file

  • Invited Public lecture,'Global warming is unequivocal', University of Wisconsin, Madison. 23 April 2007.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file

  • Invited keynote talk,'Progress Toward Integrated Earth System Analysis', 11th Conference on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for Atmosphere, Oceans and Land Surface (IOAS-AOLS), "Toward an Integrated Earth System Analysis" 14-18 January 2007 at the American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting in San Antonio, Texas.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file

  • 'Global Environmental Change Science and Relation to International Environmental Assessments and Conventions', presented at the ESSP Conference on Global Change Science in Beijing, 8-12 Nov 2006.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file

  • 'Attribution of Recent Increases in Atlantic Hurricane Activity', presented at the 31st Annual Climate Diagnostics Workshop, Boulder, CO, 23-27 October, 2006, and participation in Forum of Panel of Experts on outstanding attribution questions.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file

  • 'Global climate change and drought in the West', presented as an invited talk at the National Wildlife Federation, Golden CO, Sept. 27, 2006, and previously as invited speaker at Public climate seminar led by ABC TV Channel 7 (Mike Nelson), "Climate change and water in the West", April 12, 2006, Omni, Broomfield CO, and elsewhere.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file

  • 'The Earth's Climate System: Variability and change', presented most recently as an invited talk at the NCAR summer colloquium on Climate and Health,16-21 July 2006, Boulder, CO.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file

  • 'Observations and their Analysis for WCRP/COPES', presented as an invited talk at the WCRP reanalysis conference,ECMWF, Reading, U.K. 19-22 June, 2006.
    Powerpoint presentation, pdf file

  • 'The Need for a Climate Observing System', presented at the 1/14/02 American Meteorological Society Meeting.
    Powerpoint presentation
    Presentation in pdf

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