CAS People

Kevin Trenberth, Publications

LIST OF PUBLICATIONS 1995-

The total (February 2014) is 60 books or book chapters, 234 journal articles published, 23 Tech. Notes, 1209 proceedings or preprints, and 81 other articles, plus four videos, for a total of 518 publications plus 4 videos and many blogs. There are over 21,240 citations and an H index of 85 (or 58 since 2009).

The following are the publications from mid 1995 on. In the case of American Meteorological Society Journal publications, please see the AMS Copyright Notice and the Permission Statement. In the case of Climate Dynamics publications, please see the Springer-Verlag copyright information.

Table of contents:

Click here for book or book chapters, Tech. Notes, proceedings or preprints, other articles, and journal articles: 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014.

VIDEO

Guillemot C. J., and K. E. Trenberth, 1995: ENSO: SST monthly mean anomalies Pacific Sector. Jan. 1982-1994, 4 minutes 20 seconds, plus handout.

Henson, R. and K. E. Trenberth, 1998: Children of the Tropics: El Niño and La Niña. Learning about Science Easily and Readily Series (LASERS), NCAR. Online paper with movie clips

BOOKS

Trenberth, K. E., and J. W. Hurrell, 1995: Natural Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales. D.G. Martinson, K. Bryan, M. Ghil, M.M. Hall, T.R. Karl, E.S. Sarachik, S. Sorooshian, and L.D. Talley, eds. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 472-482.

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: Coupled climate system modelling, Chapter 3 of Climate Change, Developing Southern Hemisphere Perspectives Editors: T. Giambelluca and A. Henderson-Sellers. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 475pp, 63-88.

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: El Niño - Southern Oscillation, Chapter 6 of: Climate Change, Developing Southern Hemisphere Perspectives Editors: T. Giambelluca and A. Henderson-Sellers. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 475pp, 145-173.

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: What is happening to El Niño? 1996 Yearbook of Science and the Future. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 88-99.

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: What's happening to El Niño? 1996 Book of the Year. Encyclopaedia Britannica, p 164.

Trenberth, K. E., J. T. Houghton, and L. G. Meira Filho. 1996: The climate system: An overview. Chapter 1 of Climate Change 1995. The science of Climate Change. Contribution of WG 1 to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. J.T. Houghton, L.G. Meira Filho, B. Callander, N. Harris, A. Kattenberg, and K. Maskell (eds). Cambridge University Press. 51-64.

Trenberth, K. E. et al., 1996: Technical summary of Climate Change 1995. The science of Climate Change. Contribution of WG 1 to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. J.T. Houghton, L.G. Meira Filho, B. Callander, N. Harris, A. Kattenberg, and K. Maskell (eds). Cambridge University Press. 9-49.

Trenberth, K. E., et al. 1997: CLIVAR. A research programme on climate variability and predictability for the 21st century. Intl. CLIVAR Proj. Office Rep. 101, WCRP/TD No. 853. 48 pp.

Trenberth, K. E., et al. 1997: Common questions about climate change. WMO, UNEP. 24 pp.

Trenberth, K. E., and C. J. Guillemot, 1998: Estimating evaporation-minus-precipitation as a residual of the atmospheric water budget. Chapter 7.1 of ``Global energy and water cycles''. K. Browning and R. Gurney (Eds.), Cambridge University Press. 236-246.

Trenberth, K. E., K. Miller, L. Mearns, and S. Rhodes, 1998: Weather Associated with Changing Climate and Consequences for Human Activities. Understanding Global Change: Earth Science and Human Impacts Series, Global Change Instruction Program, UCAR. To be published by University Science Books. 46 pp.

Trenberth, K. E., et al. 1998: The CLIVAR Initial Implementation Plan. WCRP 103, WMO/TD 869, ICPO 14, 342 pp.

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Short-term Climate Variations. Recent accomplishments and issues for future progress. Storms Vol 1. R. Pielke Sr and R. Pielke Jr (Eds). Routledge Press. London. 126-141.

Trenberth, K. E., K. Miller, L. Mearns, and S. Rhodes, 2000: Effects of Changing Climate on Weather and Human Activities. Understanding Global Change: Earth Science and Human Impacts Series, Global Change Instruction Program, UCAR. University Science Books. 46 pp. [Download pdf file.]

Stocker, T. G., K. C. Clarke, H. Le Treut, R. S. Lindzen, V. P. Meleshko, R. K. Mugara, T. N. Palmer, R. T. Pierrehumbert, P. J. Sellers, K. E. Trenberth, and J. Willebrand, 2001: Physical Climate Processes and Feedbacks. Chapter 7 of Climate Change 2001. The scientific basis. Contribution of WG 1 to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. J.T. Houghton, et al. (Eds). Cambridge University Press. 417-470.

Albritton D., G. Meira Filho, U. Cubasch, X. Dai, Y. Ding, D. Griggs, B. Hewitson, J. Houghton, I. Isaksen, T. Karl, M. McFarland, V. Meleshko, J. Mitchell, M. Noguer, B. Nyenzi, M. Oppenheimer, J. Penner, S. Pollonais, T. Stocker, and K. Trenberth, 2001: Technical Summary. Climate Change 2001. The science of Climate Change. Contribution of WG 1 to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Houghton, J.T., Y. Ding, D. J. Griggs, M Noguer, P. J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, and C. A. Johnson (Eds). Cambridge University Press. 21-83.

Trenberth, K. E., 2001: Earth System Processes. Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change. T. Munn (Ed. in Chief). Vol. 1. The Earth System: Physical and Chemical Dimensions of Global Environmental Change. M. C. MacCracken and J. S. Perry (Eds) John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 13-30. Download pdf file.

Trenberth, K. E., 2001: Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System (GOALS), Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change. T. Munn (Ed. in Chief). Vol. 1. The Earth System: Physical and Chemical Dimensions of Global Environmental Change. M. C. MacCracken and J. S. Perry (Eds) John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 411-413.

Trenberth, K. E., 2001: Climate: El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences. Academic Press. J. Steele, S. Thorpe, and K. Turekian Eds. 815-827.

IPCC, 2001: Climate Change 2001: Synthesis Report. A contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Watson, R. T. and the Core writing team (eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. and New York, 398 pp. [K. E. Trenberth, author but omitted from list, see http://www.meto.gov.uk/research/index.html]

Trenberth, K. E., 2002: The extreme weather events of 1997 and 1998. Water Resources and Climate Change. K. D. Frederick (Ed.), Edward Elgar Pub. Ltd. Cheltenham, U.K., 3-16.

Trenberth, K. E., 2002: Climate Change and the ENSO Cycle. Facts and Speculation about La Niña and Its Societal Impacts. Glantz, M.H. (Ed.) Tokyo, Japan: United Nations University Press. UNUP-1071, 51-56..

Trenberth, K. E., 2002: Why and how does precipitation change? In Report of a workshop on Predictability & limits-to-prediction in Hydrological Systems. Committee on Hydrology, National Research Council, National Academy Press. 94-97.

Karl, T. R., and K. E. Trenberth, 2002: What is Climate Change. Chapter 8 of Climate Change and Biodiversity, Eds. L. Hannah and T. E. Lovejoy. Yale University Press.

Trenberth, K. E., 2003: The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) system. Chapter 14 of Handbook of Weather, Climate and Water: Climate, Physical Meteorology, Weather Systems and Measurements, Eds T. D. Potter and B. R. Coleman. J. Wiley & Sons. 163-173.

Trenberth, K. E., 2004: Earth's Energy Balance. Encyclopedia of Energy, Cutler J. Cleveland (Ed. in Chief), Vol. 1, Elsevier Inc. 859-870.

Mason, P., K. E. Trenberth et al., 2003: The Second Report on the Adequacy of the Global Observing System for Climate in Support of the UNFCCC. GCOS-82, WMO/TD 1143. 84pp.

Trenberth, K. E., 2006: Observed changes to the climate and their causes. Chapter 9 of Confronting Climate Change: Critical Issues for New Zealand. R. Chapman, J. Boston and M. Schwass (Eds.) Victoria Univ. Press. Pp 93-102.

Trenberth, K. E., P. D. Jones, P. Ambenje, R. Bojariu, D. Easterling, A. Klein Tank, D. Parker, F. Rahimzadeh, J. A. Renwick, M. Rusticucci, B. Soden, P. Zhai 2007: Observations: Surface and Atmospheric Climate Change. In: Climate Change 2007. The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of WG 1 to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. C. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H. L. Miller (Eds.) Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, U. K., and New York, NY, USA, 235-336, plus annex online.

Rasmusson, R., A. Dai and K. E. Trenberth, 2007: Impact of climate change on precipitation. Chapter 16 of Large-scale Disasters, Prediction. Control and Mitigation. Mohamed Gad-el-Hak (Ed.) Cambridge Univ. Press, London. 453-472.

Shapiro, M., J. Shukla, B. Hoskins, J. Church, K. Trenberth, M. Béland, G. Brasseur, M. Wallace, G. McBean, J. Caughey, D. Rogers, G. Brunet, L. Barrie, A. Henderson-Sellers, D. Burridge, T. Nakazawa, M. Miller, P. Bougeault, R. Anthes, Z. Toth, and T. Palmer,.2007: The socioeconomic and environmental benefits of a revolution in weather, climate and earth-system prediction: A weather, climate and earth-system prediction project for the 21st century. In The Full Picture Tudor Rose (Pub.) on behalf of Group on Earth Observations. ISBN 978-92-990047-0-8, 278pp; 136-138.

Trenberth, K. E., 2008: Global warming is unequivocal. Chapter 2 in Climate Change in the Great Lakes Region, starting a public discussion. Summary report by S. Wittman, University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute, 19-26.

Trenberth, K. E., 2008: The Impact of Climate Change and Variability on Heavy Precipitation, Floods, and Droughts, The Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK. DOI 10.1002/0470848944.hsa211. PDF.

Hurrell, J. W., and Trenberth, K. E., 2010: Climate Change. Chapter 2 in The Effects of Climate Change on Birds. A. P. Møller, W. Fiedler, and P. Berthold (Eds.) Oxford University Press, Oxford, 9-29. [Frontmatter] [Chapter 2 PDF] [Chapter 2 Color Plates (PDF)]

Trenberth, K. E., 2011: Water Cycles and Climate Change. Section: Global change and climate in Handbook of Global Environmental Change. Springer, Heidelberg, Chapter DOI: HB_GlobalEnvChange_30 from: Book Title: Global Environmental Change, in press. [PDF]

Bengtsson, L, S Koumaoutsaris, R-M. Bonnet, R. P. Allan, C. Frohlich, J. Heintzenberg, P. Ingmann, R. Kandel, N. G. Loeb, B. Soden, and K. E. Trenberth (eds) 2012: Observing and modeling Earth's Energy Flows. Space Sci. Ser. of ISSI. Springer. 484 pp.

Trenberth, K. E., 2013. El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences. Elsevier, 2013. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123744739002629. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2014: Climate change and environmental issues. In G7 Summit 2014, S. Trevis publisher, www.PrestigeMediaUSA.com 87pp, 21-31. [Magazine 10 mb] [Trenberth article 1 mb]

JOURNALS 1994 -

1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014.

1994:

Trenberth, Kevin E. and Amy Solomon: 1994: The global heat balance: heat transports in the atmosphere and ocean. Climate Dynamics, 10, 3, 107-134. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E. and J. W. Hurrell, 1994:Decadal atmosphere--ocean variations in the Pacific. Climate Dynamics, 9, 303--319. [PDF]

1995:

Trenberth, K. E. and J. W. Hurrell, 1995: Decadal coupled atmosphere-ocean variations in the North Pacific Ocean. In Climate change and northern fish populations. Canad. Spec. Publ. Fisheries Aquatic Sciences. R. J. Beamish (Ed.) 121, 15-24.

Trenberth, K. E., 1995: Truncation and use of model-coordinate data.Tellus, 47, 287-303.

Trenberth, K. E., J. W. Hurrell and A. Solomon, 1995: Conservation of mass in three dimensions. J. Climate, 8, 692-708. [Paper (.pdf)] *

Trenberth, K. E., and C. J. Guillemot, 1995: Evaluation of the global atmospheric moisture budget as seen from analyses. J. Climate, 8, 2255-2272. [Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., 1995: Atmospheric circulation climate changes. Climatic Change, 31, 427-453.

Karl, T., F. Bretherton, W. Easterling and K. Trenberth, 1995: Long-term climate monitoring of the global climate observing system (GCOS). An editorial. Climatic Change, 31, 135-147.

Trenberth, K. E., 1995: Long-term climate monitoring of the global climate observing system (GCOS). Report of Breakout Group B – Climatic responses and feedbacks. An editorial. Climatic Change, 31, 163-180.

1996:

Ware, R., M. Exner, D. Feng, M. Gorbunov, K. Hardy, B. Herman, W. Kuo, T. Meehan, W. Melbourne, C. Rocken, W. Schreiner, S. Sokolovskiy, F. Solheim, X. Zou, R. Anthes, S. Businger and K. Trenberth, 1996: GPS sounding of the atmosphere from low Earth orbit: Preliminary results. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 77, 19-40.

Trenberth, K. E., and T. J. Hoar, 1996: The 1990-1995 El Niño-Southern Oscillation Event: Longest on record. Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 23, 57-60. [Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., and C. J. Guillemot, 1996: Physical processes involved in the 1988 drought and 1993 floods in North America. J. Climate, 9, 1288-1298. [Abstract]

Hurrell, J. W., and K. E. Trenberth, 1996: Satellite versus surface estimates of air temperature since 1979. J. Climate, 9, 2222-2232. [Paper (.pdf) *] [Abstract]

1997:

Kiehl, J. T., and K. E. Trenberth, 1997: Earth's annual global mean energy budget. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 78, 197-208. [Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: Using atmospheric budgets as a constraint on surface fluxes. J. Climate, 10, 2796-2809. [Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: Short-term climate variations: Recent accomplishments and issues for future progress. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 78, 1081-1096.

Hurrell, J. W., and K. E. Trenberth, 1997: Spurious trends in the satellite MSU temperature record arising from merging different satellite records. Nature, 386, 164-167.

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: The use and abuse of climate models in climate change research. Nature, 386, 131-133. [Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. W. Hurrell, 1997: How accurate are satellite `thermometers'. Nature, 389, 342-343.

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: The definition of El Niño. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 78, 2771-2777. [Papers (.pdf)] *

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: Global Warming: It's happening. naturalSCIENCE, 1, article 9. http://naturalscience.com/ns/articles/01-09/ns_ket.html . (Electronic journal.) Also comment by S. Fred Singer and reply by K. E. Trenberth http://naturalscience.com/ns/letters/ns_let06.html. Comment by Hugh Ellsaesser and reply by K. E. Trenberth http://naturalscience.com/ns/letters/ns_let07.html .

Trenberth, K. E., and T. J. Hoar, 1997: El Niño and climate change. Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 24, 3057-3060. [Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: The science of global climate change. Jobs and Capital, VI, 4, 20-25.

1998:

Trenberth, K. E., and C. J. Guillemot, 1998: Evaluation of the atmospheric moisture and hydrological cycle in the NCEP/NCAR reanalyses. Climate Dyn., 14, 213-231. [Paper (.pdf)]

Hurrell, J. W., and K. E. Trenberth, 1998: Difficulties in obtaining reliable temperature trends: Reconciling the surface and satellite MSU Records. J. Climate, 11, 945-967. [Paper (.pdf)] *

Trenberth, K. E., G. W. Branstator, D. Karoly, A. Kumar, N-C. Lau, and C. Ropelewski, 1998: Progress during TOGA in understanding and modeling global teleconnections associated with tropical sea surface temperatures. J. Geophys. Res., 103 (special TOGA issue), 14291-14324. [Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., 1998: Atmospheric moisture residence times and cycling: Implications for rainfall rates with climate change. Climatic Change, 39, 667-694. [Paper (.pdf)]

Sun, D-Z, and K. E. Trenberth, 1998: Coordinated heat removal from the tropical Pacific during the 1986-87 El Niño. Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 25, 2659-2662.

Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth and T. R. Karl 1998: Global variations in droughts and wet spells: 1900-1995. Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 25, 3367-3370.

Trenberth, K. E., 1998: El Niño and global warming. Current: The J. Marine Education, 15, 12-18.

1999:

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Conceptual framework for changes of extremes of the hydrological cycle with climate change. Climatic Change, 42, 327-339.[Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Atmospheric moisture recycling: Role of advection and local evaporation. J. Climate, 12, 1368-1381. [Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., and T. Owen, 1999: Workshop on indices and indicators for climate extremes, Asheville, NC, USA., 3-6 June 1997: Breakout Group A: Storms. Climatic Change, 42, 9-21.

Dai, A., F. Giorgi and K. E. Trenberth, 1999: Observed and model simulated precipitation diurnal cycles over the contiguous United States. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 6377-6402.

Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth and T. R. Karl, 1999: Effects of clouds, soil moisture, precipitation and water vapor on diurnal temperature range. J. Climate, 12, 2451-2473. [Paper (.pdf)] *

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Global climate project shows early promise. Eos, 80, 24, (June 15, 1999), 269, 274-275.

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: The climate system and climate change. Current topics in Wetland Biogeochemistry, 3, 4-15.

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: The extreme weather events of 1997 and 1998. Consequences, Vol 5, 1, 2-15.

Hurrell, J. W., and K. E. Trenberth, 1999: Global sea surface temperature analyses: multiple problems and their implications for climate analysis, modeling and reanalysis. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 80, 2661-2678. [Paper (.pdf)] *

Trenberth, K. E., and J. W. Hurrell, 1999: Comment on ``The interpretation of short climate records with comments on the North Atlantic and Southern Oscillations", Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 80, 2721-2722.

Trenberth, K. E., and J. W. Hurrell, 1999: Reply to Rajagopalan, Lall and Cane's comment about ``The interpretation of short climate records with comments on the North Atlantic and Southern Oscillations'', Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 80, 2726-2728.

Karl, T., and K. Trenberth, 1999: The human impact on climate. Scientific American. December. 100-105.

2000:

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak and J. M. Caron, 2000: The global monsoon as seen through the divergent atmospheric circulation. J. Climate, 13, 3969-3993. [Paper (.pdf)] *

Hurrell, J. W., S. J. Brown, K. E. Trenberth and J. R. Christy, 2000: Comparison of tropospheric temperatures from radiosondes and satellites: 1979-1998. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 81, 2165-2177. [Paper (.pdf)] *

Easterling, D. R., T. R. Karl, K. P. Gallo, D. A. Robinson, K. E. Trenberth, and A. Dai, 2000: Observed climate variability and change of relevance to the Biosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 20101-20114.

Trenberth, K. E., and J. M. Caron, 2000: The Southern Oscillation revisited: Sea level pressures, surface temperatures and precipitation. J. Climate, 13, 4358-4365.[Paper (.pdf)] *

2001:

Trenberth, K. E., J. M. Caron and D. P. Stepaniak, 2001: The atmospheric energy budget and implications for surface fluxes and ocean heat transports. Clim. Dyn., 17, 259-276.

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2001: Indices of El Niño evolution. J. Climate., 14, 1697-1701. [Paper(.pdf)] *

Trenberth, K. E., and J. M. Caron, 2001: Estimates of meridional atmosphere and ocean heat transports. J. Climate., 14, 3433-3443. [Paper(.pdf)] *

Trenberth, K. E., 2001: Climate variability and global warming. Science, 293, 48-49.

Trenberth K. E., 2001: Stronger Evidence of Human Influence on Climate: The 2001 IPCC Assessment, Environment, 43, 4, pp. 8-19. (cover story). ( This article was published in Environment, May 2001, Volume 43, Number 4, pages 8-19. ©Heldref Publications, 2001. www.heldref.org. Posted with permission.)

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak, J. W. Hurrell and M. Fiorino, 2001: Quality of reanalyses in the tropics. J. Climate, 14, 1499-1510. [Paper (.pdf)] *

2002:

Trenberth K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2002: A pathological problem with NCEP reanalyses in the stratosphere, J. Climate, 15, pp. 690-695. [Paper(.pdf)] *

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak, and J. M. Caron 2002: Interannual variations in the atmospheric heat budget J. Geophys. Res., 107, D8, 10.1029/2000JD000297.

Trenberth, K. E., J. M. Caron, D. P. Stepaniak, and S. Worley 2002: The evolution of ENSO and global atmospheric surface temperatures J. Geophys. Res., 107, D8, 10.1029/2000JD000298.

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak and J. M. Caron, 2002: Accuracy of atmospheric energy budgets from analyses. J. Climate, 15, 3343-3360. [Papers(.pdf)] *

Trenberth, K. E., T. R. Karl and T. W. Spence, 2002: The need for a systems approach to climate observations. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 83, 1593-1602. [Paper(.pdf)] *

Trenberth, K. E., 2002: Changes in tropical clouds and radiation: Are they real? Science, 296, (21 June 2002) 2095a.

Dai, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 2002: Estimates of freshwater discharge from continents: Latitudinal and seasonal variations. J. Hydrometeor, 3, 660-687. [Paper(.pdf)] *

2003:

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak and J. M. Caron, 2003: Preliminary evaluation of vertically-integrated fluxes of moisture and energy from ERA-40. Proj. Rep. Ser. 3, 265-266

Karl, T. R., Trenberth, K. E., 2003: Modern Global Climate Change. Science 302, 1719-1723. [Abstract] [Paper]

Trenberth, K. E., A. Dai, R. M. Rasmussen and D. B. Parsons, 2003: The changing character of precipitation. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 84, 1205-1217. [Abstract] [Paper(.pdf)] *

Trenberth, K. E., and B. L. Otto-Bliesner, 2003: Toward integrated reconstructions of past climates. Science, 300, 589-591. [Summary] [Paper]

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2003: Co-variability of components of poleward atmospheric energy transports on seasonal and interannual timescales. J. Climate, 16, 3691-3705. [Paper] *

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2003: Seamless poleward atmospheric energy transports and implications for the Hadley circulation. J. Climate, 16, 3706-3722. [Paper] *

Mann, M. E., C. Ammann, R. S. Bradley, K. Briffa, T. J. Crowley, M. Hughes, P. D. Jones, T. Osborn. M. Oppenheimer, J. Overpeck, S. Rutherford, K. E. Trenberth, T. M. L. Wigley, 2003: On past temperatures and anomalous late 20th Century warmth. Eos, 84, No. 27, 8 July 2003, 256-257.

Mann, M. E., C. Ammann, R. S. Bradley, K. Briffa, T. J. Crowley, M. Hughes, P. D. Jones, T. Osborn. M. Oppenheimer, J. Overpeck, S. Rutherford, K. E. Trenberth, T. M. L. Wigley, 2003: Response to comment "On past temperatures and anomalous late 20th Century warmth." Eos, 84, No. 44, 4 Nov 2003, 473,476

2004:

Dai, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 2004: The diurnal cycle and its depiction in the Community Climate System Model. J. Climate, 17, 930-951. [Abstract] [Paper] *

Trenberth, K. E., 2004: Rural land-use change and climate. Nature, 427, 213-214.[Paper]

Trenberth, K. E., J. Overpeck and S. Solomon, 2004: Exploring drought and its implications for the future. Eos, 85, No. 3, 20 Jan 2004, 27-29. [Paper (.pdf)]

Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth and T. Qian, 2004: A global data set of Palmer Drought Severity Index for 1870-2002: Relationship with soil moisture and effects of surface warming. J. Hydrometeor., 5, 1117-1130. [Paper(.pdf)]

Dai, A., P. J. Lamb, K. E. Trenberth, M. Hulme, P. D. Jones and P. Xie, 2004: The recent Sahel drought is real. Intl. J. Climatol., 24, 1323-1331. [Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2004: The flow of energy through the Earth's climate system. Symons Lecture 2004. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 130, 2677-2701. [Paper (.pdf)]

2005:

Trenberth, K. E., and D. J. Shea, 2005: Relationships between precipitation and surface temperature. Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 32, L14703, doi:10.1029/2005GL022760.[Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., J. Fasullo, and L. Smith, 2005: Trends and variability in column-integrated atmospheric water vapor. Clim. Dyn., 24, 741-758. [Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., and L. Smith, 2005: The Mass of the Atmosphere: a Constraint on Global Analyses. J. Climate, 18, 864-875. [Abstract] [Paper (.pdf)]*

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak and L. Smith, 2005: Interannual variability of patterns of atmospheric mass distribution. J. Climate, 18, 2812-2825. [Abstract] [Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., 2005: Uncertainty in Hurricanes and Global Warming. Science, 308, 1753-1754. [Summary] [Paper]

Trenberth, K. E., 2005: A changing world for climate research. Geotimes, December 2005, 24-25.

Trenberth, K. E., 2005: Observed global changes in climate. Changements Climatiques: quels impacts en France. Greenpeace Climate Impact Report, November 2005, 16pp.

Trenberth, K. E., J. W. Hurrell, D. P. Stepaniak, 2005: The Asian monsoon: Global perspectives. Asian Monsoon, B. Wang, Ed., Praxis Publishing Ltd. 67-87 and color section 9-19.

Uppala, S. M., P. W. Kållberg, A. J. Simmons, U. Andrae, V. da Costa Bechtold, M. Fiorino, J. K Gibson, J. Haseler, A. Hernandez, G. A. Kelly, X. Li, K. Onogi, S. Saarinen, N. Sokka, R. P. Allan, E. Andersson, K. Arpe, M. A. Balmaseda, A. C. M. Beljaars, L. van de Berg, J. Bidlot, N.Bormann, S. Caires, A. Dethof, M. Dragosavac, M. Fisher, M. Fuentes, S. Hagemann, E. Hólm, B. J. Hoskins, L. Isaksen, P. A. E. M. Janssen, A. P. McNally, J.-F. Mahfouf, R. Jenne, J.-J. Morcrette, N. A Rayner, R. W. Saunders, P. Simon, A. Sterl, K. E. Trenberth, A. Untch, D. Vasiljevic, P. Viterbo and J. Woollen 2005: The ERA-40 reanalysis. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc.131, 2961-3012.[Paper (.pdf)]

2006:

Anthes, R. A., R.W. Corell, G. Holland, J. W. Hurrell, M. MacCracken, K.E. Trenberth, 2006: Hurricanes and Global Warming: Potential Linkages and Consequences. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 87, 623-628.

Dai, A., T. R. Karl, B. Sun, K. E. Trenberth, 2006: Recent trends in cloudiness over the United States: A tale of monitoring inadequacies. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 87, 597-606. [PDF]

Qian, T., A. Dai, K. E. Trenberth, K. W. Oleson, 2006: Simulation of Global Land Surface Conditions from 1948 to 2002: Part I: Forcing Data and Evaluations. J. Hydromet., 7, 953-975. [Paper (.pdf)]

Simmons, A., K. E. Trenberth and S. Uppala, 2006: Future needs in atmospheric reanalysis. Eos, 87, pp 583, 587.

Su, F., J. C. Adam, K. E. Trenberth, D. P. Lettenmaier, 2006: Evaluation of surface water fluxes of the pan-Arctic land region with a land surface model and ERA-40 reanalysis. J. Geophys. Res., 111, D05 110, doi:10.1029/2005JD006387. [Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., 2006: The role of the oceans in climate. Flotsam and Jetsam, 35, 1, 5-7.

Trenberth, K. E., B. Moore, T. R. Karl, and C. Nobre, 2006: Monitoring and prediction of the Earth's climate: A future perspective. J. Climate, (CLIVAR special issue), 19, 5001-5008. [Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., and D. J. Shea (2006), Atlantic hurricanes and natural variability in 2005, Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 33, L12704, doi:10.1029/2006GL026894. [Paper (.pdf)]

Trenberth, K. E., and L. Smith, 2006: The vertical structure of temperature in the tropics: Different flavors of El Nino. J. Clim., 19, 4956-4973. [Paper (.pdf)]

2007:

Qian, T., A. Dai, and K. E. Trenberth, 2007: Hydroclimatic trends in the Mississippi river basin from 1948 to 2004. J. Climate, 20, 4599-4614. [PDF]

Serreze, M. C., A. P. Barrett, A. J. Slater, M. Steele, J. Zhang, and K. E. Trenberth, 2007: The large-scale energy budget of the Arctic. J. Geophys. Res., 112, D11122, doi:10.1029/2006JD008230. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and A. Dai, 2007: Effects of Mount Pinatubo volcanic eruption on the hydrological cycle as an analog of geoengineering. Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 34, L15702, doi:10.1029/2007GL030524. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., C. A. Davis and J. Fasullo, 2007: Water and energy budgets of hurricanes: Case studies of Ivan and Katrina . J. Geophys. Res., 112, D23106, doi:10.1029/2006JD008303. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. Fasullo, 2007: Water and energy budgets of hurricanes and implications for climate change. J. Geophys. Res., 112, D23107, doi:10.1029/2006JD008304. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., L. Smith, T. Qian, A. Dai and J. Fasullo, 2007: Estimates of the global water budget and its annual cycle using observational and model data. J. Hydrometeor, 8, 758-769. [PDF]

2008:

Anthes, R. A., P. A. Bernhardt, Y. Chen, L. Cucurull, K. F. Dymond, D. Ector, S. Healy, S.-P. Ho, D. C. Hunt, Y.-H. Kuo, H. Liu, K. Manning, C. McCormick, T. K. Meehan, W. J. Randel, C. Rocken, W. Schreiner, S. V. Sokolovskiy, S. Syndergaard, D. C. Thompson, K. E. Trenberth, T-K. Wee, N. L. Yen, and Z. Zeng, 2008: The COSMIC/FORMOSAT-3 mission: Early results. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 89, 313-333. [PDF].

Fasullo, J. T., and K. E. Trenberth, 2008: The annual cycle of the energy budget. Part I: Global mean and land-ocean exchanges. J. Climate, 21, 2297-2312. [PDF]

Fasullo, J. T., and K. E. Trenberth, 2008: The annual cycle of the energy budget. Part II: Meridional structures and poleward transports. J. Climate, 21, 2313-2325. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2008: Observational needs for climate prediction and adaptation. WMO Bulletin, 57 (1), 17-21. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. Fasullo, 2008: An observational estimate of ocean energy divergence. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38, 984-999. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. Fasullo, 2008: The energy budgets of Atlantic hurricanes and changes from 1970. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 9, doi:10.1029/2007GC001847. [PDF].

Trenberth, K. E., and L. Smith, 2008: Atmospheric energy budgets in the Japanese Reanalysis: Evaluation and variability. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 86, 579-592. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., T. Koike, and K. Onogi, 2008: Progress and prospects in reanalysis. Eos, 89, 26, 24 June 2008, 234-235. [PDF]

2009:

Dai, A., T. Qian,  K. E. Trenberth, and J. D Milliman, 2009: Changes in continental freshwater discharge from 1948-2004. J. Climate, 22, 2773-2791. [PDF]

Doherty, S. J., S. Bojinski, A. Henderson-Sellers, K. Noone, D. Goodrich, N. L. Bindoff, J. A. Church, K. A. Hibbard, T. R. Karl, L. Kajfez-Bogataj, A. H. Lynch, D. E. Parker, I. C. Prentice, V. Ramaswamy, R. W. Saunders, M. Stafford Smith, K. Steffen, T. F. Stocker, P. W. Thorne, K. E. Trenberth, M. M. Verstraete, and F. W. Zwiers, 2009: Lessons learned from IPCC AR4: Scientific developments needed to understand, predict and respond to climate change. Bull Amer. Meteor. Soc., 90, 497-513. [PDF]

Stott, P., and K. Trenberth, 2009: Linking extreme weather to climate variability and change. Eos, 90, 21, 26 May 2009, 184.

Trenberth, K. E., 2009: Geoengineering: What, how, and for whom? Physics Today, 62, No. 2 (Letters), 10-12. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2009: An imperative for climate change planning: tracking Earth's global energy. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 1, 19-27, doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2009.06.001. [PDF] Click here for the Science Direct link including a video presentation of the abstract.

Trenberth, K. E., and J. T. Fasullo, 2009: Global warming due to increasing absorbed solar radiation. Geophys. Res. Lttrs., 36, L07706, doi:10.1029/2009GL037527. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. T. Fasullo, 2009: Changes in the flow of energy through the Earth's climate system. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 18, No. 4, 369-377. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., J. T. Fasullo, and J. Kiehl, 2009: Earth's global energy budget. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 90, No. 3, 311-324, doi: 10.1175/2008BAMS2634.1. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and L. Smith, 2009: Variations in the three dimensional structure of the atmospheric circulation with different flavors of El Niño. J. Climate, 22, No. 11, 2978-2991, doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2691.1. [PDF]

2010:

Foster, G., J. D. Annan, P. D. Jones, M. E. Mann, B. Mullan, J. Renwick, J. Salinger, G. A. Schmidt, and K. E. Trenberth, 2010: Comment on "Influence of the Southern Oscillation on tropospheric temperature" by J. D. McLean, C. R. de Freitas, and R. M. Carter. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D09110, doi: 10.1029/2009JD012690. [PDF], JGR Editors' Highlight

Shapiro, M., J. Shukla, G. Brunet, C. Nobre, M. Béland, R. Dole, K. Trenberth, R. Anthes, G. Asrar, L. Barrie, P. Bougeault, G. Brasseur, D. Burridge, A. Busalacchi, J. Caughey, D. Chen, J. Church, T. Enomoto, B. Hoskins, O. Hov, A. Laing, H. Le Treut, J. Marotzke, G. McBean, G. Meehl, M. Miller, B. Mills, J. Mitchell, M. Moncrieff, T. Nakazawa, H. Olafsson, T. Palmer, D. Parsons, D. Rogers, A. Simmons, A. Troccoli, Z. Toth, L. Uccellini, C. Velden, M. Wallace, 2010: An Earth-system prediction initiative for the 21st century. Bull Amer. Meteor. Soc., 10.1175/2010BAMS2944.1. [PDF]

Trenberth, K.E., 2010: More knowledge, less certainty. Nature Reports Climate Change, 21 Jan 2010, 20-21, doi:10.1038/climate.2010.06 Commentary. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2010: The ocean is warming, isn't it? Nature, 465, 304. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2010: Fixing the planet? Science, 26, 1178-1179, doi: 10.1126/science.1197874.Summary, Reprint [PDF], Full Text

Trenberth, K. E., and J. T. Fasullo, 2010: Simulation of present day and 21st century energy budgets of the southern oceans. J. Climate, 23, No. 2, 440-454. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. T. Fasullo, 2010: Tracking Earth's energy. Science, 328, 316-317. Summary, Reprint [PDF], Full Text

Trenberth, K. E., J. T. Fasullo, C. O'Dell, and T. Wong, 2010: Relationships between tropical sea surface temperatures and top-of-atmosphere radiation. Geophys. Res. Ltt., 37, L03702, doi:10.1029/2009GL042314. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and L. Smith, 2010: The three dimensional structure of the atmospheric energy budget: methodology and evaluation. Clim. Dyn., 32, 1065-1079, doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0389-3. [PDF]. The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com.

Zolina, O., V. Detemmerman, and K. E. Trenberth 2010: Improving the accuracy of estimation of climate extremes. Workshop on "Metrics and methodologies of estimation of extreme climate events". Paris, France, 27-29 September 2010. Eos, 91, No. 51, 506. [PDF]

2011:

Abraham, J., J. Gorman, F. Reseghetti, K. Trenberth, and W. Minkowycz, 2011: A New Method of Calculating Ocean Temperatures Using Expendable Bathythermographs, Energy and Environment Research, 1, 2-11. [PDF]

Meehl, G. A., J. M. Arblaster, J. T. Fasullo, A. Hu, and K. E. Trenberth, 2011: Model-based evidence of deep-ocean heat uptake during surface-temperature hiatus periods. Nature Climate Change, 1, 360-364, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1229. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2011: Book Review - The Climate Crisis: An introductory guide to climate change. EOS, 92, No. 24. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2011: Changes in precipitation with climate change. Climate Research, 47, 123-138, doi:10.3354/cr00953. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2011: Attribution of climate variations and trends to human influences and natural variability. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews (WIREs) Climate Change, Wiley-Blackwell, November 2011, doi: 10.1002/wcc.142. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E. and J. T. Fasullo, 2011: Tracking Earth's energy: From El Niño to global warming. Surveys in Geophysics, Special Issue, doi: 10.1007/s10712-011-9150-2. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., J. T. Fasullo, and J. P. Abraham, 2011: Issues in establishing climate sensitivity in recent studies. Remote Sensing, 3(9), 2051-2056, doi: 10.3390/rs3092061. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., J. T. Fasullo, and J. Mackaro, 2011: Atmospheric moisture transports from ocean to land and global energy flows in reanalyses. J. Climate, 24, 4907-4924, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI4171.1. [PDF]

2012:

Trenberth, K. E., 2012: Framing the way to relate climate extremes to climate change. Climatic Change, 115, Issue 2, 283-290, doi: 10.1007/s10584-012-0441-5. Available at: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-012-0441-5. [PDF].

Trenberth, K. E. and J. T. Fasullo, 2012: Climate extremes and climate change: The Russian Heat Wave and other Climate Extremes of 2010. J. Geophys. Res., 117, D17103, doi: 10.1029/2012JD018020. [PDF].

Wang, K., R. E. Dickinson, L. Su, and K. E. Trenberth, 2012: Contrasting Trends of Mass and Optical Properties of Aerosols over the Northern Hemisphere from 1992 to 2011. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 9387-9398, doi:10.5194/acp-12-9387-2012. Available at: http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/9387/2012/acp-12-9387-2012.html.

Fasullo, J. T., and K. E. Trenberth, 2012: A less cloudy future: The role of subtropical subsidence in climate sensitivity. Science, 338, 792-794. doi: 10.1126/science.1227465. Article: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/338/6108/792.full.html. Supplementary material: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/suppl/2012/11/07.338.6108.792.DC1.html.

2013:

Trenberth, K. E., Anthes, R. A., Belward, A., Brown, O., Haberman, E., Karl, T. R., Running, S., Ryan, B., Tanner, M., and Wielicki, B., 2012: Challenges of a sustained climate observing system. In Climate Science for Serving Society: Research, Modelling and Prediction Priorities, G. R. Asrar and J. W. Hurrell, Eds. Springer, 484 pp, 13-50. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and G. R. Asrar 2013: Challenges and opportunities in water cycle research: WCRP contributions. Surveys in Geophysics, doi: 10.1007/s10712-012-9214-y. [PDF]

Mayer, M, K. E. Trenberth, L. Haimberger and J. T. Fasullo, 2013: The response of tropical atmospheric energy budgets to ENSO. J. Climate, 26, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00681.1, in press. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. T. Fasullo, 2013: North American water and energy cycles. Geophys. Res Lett., 40, 365-369, doi: 10.1002/grl.50107. [PDF]

Balmaseda, M. A., K. E. Trenberth and E. Kallen, 2013: Distinctive climate signals in reanalysis of global ocean heat content, Geophys. Res Lett., 40, 1-6, doi:10.1002/grl.50382, 2013. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. T. Fasullo, 2013: Regional energy and water cycles: Transports from ocean to land. J. Climate, 26, 7837-7851, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-00008.1. [PDF]

Schneider, D, C. Deser, K. Trenberth, and J. Fasullo, 2013: Climate Data Guide spurs discovery and understanding, Eos Trans. AGU, 94(13), 121-122. [PDF]

Meehl, G. A., A. Hu, J. Arblaster, J. T. Fasullo, and K. E. Trenberth, 2013: Externally forced and internally generated decadal climate variability in the Pacific, J. Clim, 26, 7298-7310. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00548.1. [PDF]

Abraham, J. P., M. Baringer, N.L. Bindoff, T. Boyer, L. J. Cheng, J. A. Church, J. L. Conroy, C. M. Domingues, J. T. Fasullo, J. Gilson, G. Goni, S. A. Good, J. M. Gorman, V. Gouretski, M. Ishii, G. C. Johnson, S. Kizu, J. M. Lyman, A. M. Macdonald, W. J. Minkowycz, S. E. Moffitt, M. D. Palmer, A. R. Piola, F. Reseghetti, K. Schuckmann, K. E. Trenberth, I. Velicogna, J. K. Willis, 2013: A review of global ocean temperature observations: Implications for ocean heat content estimates and climate change, Reviews of Geophysics, 51, 450-483. Doi: 10.1002/rog.20022. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and J. T. Fasullo, 2013: An apparent hiatus in global warming? Earth's Future. Doi: 10.002/2013EF000165. [PDF]

2014

Trenberth, K. E., A. Dai, G. van der Schrier, P. D. Jones, J. Barichivich, K. R. Briffa, and J. Sheffield^, 2014: Global warming and changes in drought. Nature Climate Change, 4, 17-22, doi:10.1038/NCLIMATE2067. [preprint PDF] [Email request for actual copy]

Trenberth, K. E., J. T. Fasullo and M. A. Balmaseda: 2014: Earth's energy imbalance. J. Climate, 27, 3129-3144, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00294. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., and G. R. Asrar 2014: Challenges and opportunities in water cycle research: WCRP contributions. Surveys in Geophys., 35, 515-532. doi 10.1007/s10712-012-9214-y. [PDF]

TECHNICAL NOTES

Trenberth, K. E., and C. J. Guillemot, 1996: Evaluation of the atmospheric moisture and hydrological cycle in the NCEP reanalyses. NCAR Technical Note NCAR/TN-430+STR, 300 pp.

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: General circulation studies using NCEP reanalyses. Harry van Loon Symposium: Studies in Climate II, 21-22 October 1996, NCAR/TN-433+PROC, 30-43.

PROCEEDINGS AND PREPRINTS

Trenberth, K. E., and C. J. Guillemot, 1995: Influence of sea surface temperatures and large-scale atmospheric dynamics on the 1988 drought and 1993 floods in North America. Proc. Intl. Conf. TOGA Prog., Melbourne, Australia, 3-7 April, 1995. WCRP-91, WMO/TD 717, 93-97.

Trenberth, K. E., 1995: Decadal variability in ENSO and extratropical teleconnections: Evidence of global warming? Proc. Intl. Conf. TOGA Prog., Melbourne, Australia, 3-7 April, 1995. WCRP-91, WMO/TD 717, 57-61.

Trenberth, K. E., 1995: Decadal variability and climate change in the atmosphere and ocean. Proc. First summer Inst. NOAA Postdoc Program in Climate and Global Change. 13-17 June 1994, Steamboat Springs. 67-68.

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: Using atmospheric budgets as a constraint on surface fluxes. WCRP Workshop on ``Air-sea flux fields for forcing ocean models and validating GCMs''. ECMWF, Reading, U.K. Oct 24-27, 1995. WCRP-95, WMO/TD 762. 99-105.

Trenberth, K. E., and T. J. Hoar, 1996: The 1990-1995 El Niño-Southern Oscillation event: Longest on record. Proc. Symposium on Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System (GOALS). Atlanta, 28 January-2 February 1996, 84-87.

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: The climate system and climate variability. Seventh Symposium on Global Change Studies. Atlanta, 28 January-2 February 1996, 1-4.

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: Variability, climate and weather: El Niño teleconnections. Proc. An Institute on the Economics of the Climate Resource. 5-7 June 1995, Boulder CO., 91-116.

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: Decadal variability in the Northern Hemisphere. JCESS/CLIVAR workshop on Decadal Climate Variability. Columbia MD, 22-24 April 1996. 5pp (no page numbers).

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: The global atmospheric moisture budget as seen from analyses. Second Intl Sci. Conf. on GEWEX. Wash. D.C. 17-21 June 1996. 48-49.

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: Decadal variability in ENSO and extratropical teleconnections. Intl. wkshp on Ocean Climate Variations from Seasons to Decades with Special Emphasis on Pacific Ocean Buoy Network. Mutsu City, Japan, 29-31 May 1996, JAMSTEC. 300-302.

Trenberth, K. E., and D. J. Shea, 1997: Atmospheric circulation changes and links to changes in rainfall and drought. Thirteenth Conf. on Hydrology. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Long Beach CA. 2-7 Feb 1997. pp J14-J17 Seventh Conf. on Climate Variations volume.

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: The WCRP CLIVAR Program. Eighth Symp. on Global Change Studies. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Long Beach CA. 2-7 Feb 1997. 13-16

Trenberth, K. E., and J. W. Hurrell, 1997: Satellite versus surface estimates of air temperature since 1979. Eighth Symp. on Global Change Studies. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Long Beach CA. 2-7 Feb 1997. 248-249.

Hurrell, J. W., and K. E. Trenberth, 1997: The MSU2R temperature record: Some puzzling aspects. Eighth Symp. on Global Change Studies. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Long Beach CA. 2-7 Feb 1997. 250-253.

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: Recent changes in El Niño/Southern Oscillation and climatic implications. In Elements of Change 1996, Aspen Global Change Inst. S. J. Hassol and J. Katzenberger Eds. 252-257.

Trenberth K. E., 1997: The heat budget of the atmosphere and ocean. Proc. First Intl. Conf. on Reanalyses, Silver Spring MD. 27-31 October, 1997.

Trenberth K. E., 1997: Evaluation of the atmospheric moisture and hydrological cycle. Proc. First Intl. Conf. on Reanalyses, Silver Spring MD. 27-31 October, 1997,

Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth and T. R. Karl, 1998: Recent large-scale changes in droughts and floods. Proc. Amer. Met. Soc. 9th Symp. Global Change Studies. 11-16 Jan. 1998. Phoenix AZ. 252-253.

Dai, A., K. E. Trenberth and T. R. Karl, 1998: Evidence of hydrological effects on diurnal temperature range. Proc. Amer. Met. Soc. 9th Symp. Global Change Studies. 11-16 Jan. 1998. Phoenix AZ. 251-252.

Trenberth K. E., 1998: Implementation of CLIVAR. COARE-98. Proc. Conf on the TOGA Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (COARE). Boulder CO, 7-14 July 1998. WMO/TD 940, 148-149.

Clarke, R. A., and K. E. Trenberth, 1998: Implementing CLIVAR. Proc. Conference on the WCRP: Achievements, benefits and challenges. 26-28 August 1997, Geneva, Switzerland. WMO/TD-904, 222-225.

Trenberth, K. E., 1998: A case for slowing the pace of climate change. SOLAR '98 - ``Creating the Right Climate'', Proc. 36th Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Solar Energy Society. Christchurch, New Zealand 25-27 Nov, 1998, 200-207.

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Forecasts of the development of the 1997-98 El Niño event. Proc. Intl. Symp. Triangle '98, Kyoto, Japan, Sept 29-Oct 2, 1998. 14-20.

Trenberth K. E., 1999: The evolution of CLIVAR science. Proc. Intl. CLIVAR Conf. UNESCO, Paris, 2-4 Dec 1998. WCRP-108, WMO/TD 954, ICPO 27. 17-19.

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Implementing CLIVAR. Proc. Amer. Met. Soc. Tenth Symposium on Global Change Studies. 11-15 Jan. 1999. Dallas TX. 1-3.

Hurrell, J. W., and K. E. Trenberth, 1999: A comparison of different global SST data sets. Proc. Amer. Met. Soc. Tenth Symposium on Global Change Studies. 11-15 Jan. 1999. Dallas TX. 89-90.

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: El Niño and global warming. Proc. Amer. Met. Soc. Tenth Symposium on Global Change Studies. 11-15 Jan. 1999. Dallas TX. 258-260.

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Forecasts of the development of the 1997-98 El Niño event. Proc. Amer. Met. Soc. Second Hayes Symposium on seasonal to interannual climate variability - The 1997/98 ENSO cycle. 12-15 Jan. 1999. Dallas TX. 51-54.

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Future ENSO diagnostics, Proc. Amer. Met. Soc. Second Hayes Symposium on seasonal to interannual climate variability - The 1997/98 ENSO cycle. 12-15 Jan. 1999. Dallas TX. 110-113.

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: Global climate system change and observations. NASA Scientific Forum on Climate Variability and Global Change. UNISPACE III, 19-30 July 1999, Vienna, Austria. NASA/CP-1999-209240, R. A. Schiffer and S. Unninayar, Eds. 15-29.

Trenberth, K. E., 1999: The Evolution of CLIVAR Science. Proc. Intl. CLIVAR conference. Paris France, 2-4 Dec, 1998. WCRP-108, WMO/TD 954, ICPO 27. 17-19.

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak and J. M. Caron, 1999: The global monsoon. Proc. Second International Conf. on Reanalyses. 23-27 Aug 1999, Reading, U.K. WCRP-109, WMO/TD-No 985, 313-316.

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 1999: Global energy and moisture budgets of the atmosphere. Proc. Second International Conf. on Reanalyses. 23-27 Aug 1999, Reading, U.K. WCRP-109, WMO/TD-No 985, 369-372.

Trenberth, K. E., 2000: Challenges for Southern Hemisphere atmospheric and ocean sciences in the 21st century. Proc. Sixth International Conf. on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography. Santiago, Chile, 3-7 April 2000. 1-2.

Trenberth, K. E., 2000: Science of climate change and climate variability Proc. Commission on Climatology International Symposium, Climate Change and Variability, and their Impacts. Aug 9-13, 2000, Seoul, Korea. 11-20.

Caron, J. M., and K. E. Trenberth, 2001: Exploring the Heat Budget of ENSO. Proc. 25th Annual Climate Diagnostics and Prediction Workshop, 39-42.

Trenberth, K. E., 2001: Global warming is happening. Proc. American Association Petroleum Geologists conference, June 3-6, 2001, Denver CO. 6pp.

Trenberth, K. E., and J. M. Caron, 2001: Meridional atmosphere and ocean heat transports. Proc. WCRP/SCOR Workshop on Intercomparison and Validation of Ocean-Atmosphere flux fields, 21-24 May 2001, WCRP-115, WMO/TD 1083. 10-13.

Trenberth, K. E., 2001: Outstanding issues in the hydrological cycle in climate change research. Proc. Climate and Ozone Programme Conference, Bergen 27-29 November, 2001. Norwegian Inst. for Air Research N-95102. 39-42.

Trenberth, K. E. and D. P. Stepaniak, 2002: Diagnostics of vertically integrated fluxes of energy. 13th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations; Amer. Met. Soc., Orlando FL, 13-17 Jan. 2002; 60-61.

Trenberth, K. E., 2002: Components of a climate observing system. 13th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations; Amer. Met. Soc., Orlando FL, 13-17 Jan. 2002; 1-2.

Trenberth, K. E. and D. P. Stepaniak, 2003: Seamless poleward atmospheric energy transports. 14th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations 83rd Annual AMS Meeting, Long Beach, CA, February 2003. CD-Rom 14GLOBAL Paper12.3.

Trenberth, K. E., and A. Dai, 2003: Evaluations of estimates of freshwater discharge from continents. Symposium on Observing and Understanding the Variability of Water in Weather and Climate; 83rd Annual AMS Meeting, Long Beach, CA, February 2003. CD-Rom VARIH2O paper J2.6.

Dai, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 2003: New estimates of continental discharge and oceanic freshwater transport. Symposium on Observing and Understanding the Variability of Water in Weather and Climate; 83rd Annual AMS Meeting, Long Beach, CA, February 2003. CD-Rom VARIH2O Paper JP1.11.

Dai, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 2003: Diurnal variations in the Community Climate System Model. 14th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations 83rd Annual AMS Meeting, Long Beach, CA, February 2003. CD-Rom 14Global Paper 9.2

Rasmussen, R. M., J. Hack, P. LeMone, M. Moncrieff, D. Parsons, K. E. Trenberth, T. Warner and J. Wilson, 2003: The Water Cycle Across Scales: An NCAR initiative. Symposium on Observing and Understanding the Variability of Water in Weather and Climate; 83rd Annual AMS Meeting, Long Beach, CA, February 2003. CD-Rom VARIH2O Paper J7.11

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2003: Heat budgets and poleward atmospheric energy transports. Seventh Intl Conf. Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography. Wellington, New Zealand. 24-28 Mar 2003. 7--9.

Trenberth, K. E., and A. Dai, 2003: New estimates of continental discharge and oceanic freshwater transport. Seventh Intl Conf. Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography. Wellington, New Zealand. 24-28 Mar 2003. 180--182.

Dai, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 2003: New estimates of continental discharge and oceanic freshwater transport. Paper presented at the Symposium on Observing and understanding the Variability of Water in Weather and Climate, 9-13 Feb. 2003, Long Beach, CA.

Overpeck, J., and K. Trenberth, 2004: A multi-millennia perspective on drought and implications for the future. Proc of a joint CLIVAR-PAGES-IPCC workshop. Nov 18-21, 2003, Tucson, AZ. 30 pp.

Trenberth, K. E., 2004: The role of the ocean in climate. Chap. 1, Annual Rep. The state of the ocean and the ocean observing system for climate, Ed. D. M. Stanitski, Office of Climate Observations, NOAA, 307 pp. 1-6.

Arkin, P., E. Kalnay, J. Laver, S. Schubert and K. Trenberth, 2004: Ongoing analysis of the climate system: A workshop report. Proc workshop Boulder CO 18-20 August, 2003. 48 pp.

Trenberth K.E., 2004: Manifestations of global climate change on accelerating the hydrological cycle: prospects for increasing extremes, in Proceedings of the 2nd international CAHMDA workshop on: The Terrestrial Water Cycle:Modelling and Data Assimilation Across Catchment Scales, edited by A.J. Teuling, H. Leijnse, P.A. Troch, J. Sheffield and E.F. Wood, Princeton, NJ, October 25-27, 2004 pp. 33-35.

Trenberth, K. E., 2008: Climate change and extreme weather events. Catastrophe Modeling Forum, New York, NY, 11-12 June 2008. 7 pp.

Trenberth, K. E., 2008: The role of the ocean in climate. Chapter 1, Annual Rep FY2007. The state of the ocean and the ocean observing system for climate, Ed. J. Levy, Office of Climate Observation, NOAA. 10 pp.

Gulev, S. K. S. A. Josey, M. Bourassa, L.-A. Breivik, M. F. Cronin, C. Fairall, S. Gille, E. C. Kent, C. M. Lee, M. J. McPhaden, P. M. S. Monteiro, U. Schuster, S. R. Smith, K. E. Trenberth, D. Wallace, S.D. Woodruff 2010: Surface Energy and CO2 Fluxes in the Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Ice System. In Proc. "OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, in press.

Hurrell, J. W., T. Delworth, G. Danabasoglu, H. Drange, K. Drinkwater, S. Griffies, N. Holbrook, B. Kirtman, N. Keenlyside, M. Latif, J. Marotzke, J. Murphy, G. A. Meehl, T. Palmer, H. Pohlmann, T. Rosati, R. Seager, D. Smith, R. Sutton, A. Timmermann, K. E. Trenberth, and J. Tribbia, 2010: Decadal climate prediction: Opportunities and challenges. In Proc. "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306. [PDF]

Hurrell, J. W., M. Latif, M. Visbeck, T. L. Delworth, G. Danabasoglu, D. Dommenget, H. Drange, K. Drinkwater, S. Griffies, W. Hazeleger, N. J. Holbrook, B. Kirtman, N. Keenlyside, J. Marotzke, J. Murphy, G. A. Meehl, T. Palmer, H. Pohlmann, T. Rosati, R. Seager, D. Smith, R. Sutton, A. Timmermann, K. E. Trenberth, and J. Tribbia, 2010: Decadal Climate Variability Predictability and Prediction: Opportunities and Challenges. In Proceedings of the "OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009. Hall, J., Harrison D. E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306. [PDF]

Reinecker, M. M., K. E. Trenberth, et al (34 others), 2010: Synthesis and assimilation systems – Essential adjuncts to the Global Ocean Observing System, Proc. "OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, in press.

Trenberth, K. E., M. Balmaseda, N. Bindoff, J. Church, H. Freeland, G. Lagerloef, R. S. Nerem, M. Palmer, S. Rintoul, D. Roemmich, C. Sabine, D. Stammer, and P. Stott, 2010: Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) and attribution and prediction of climate. Proc. "OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09 pp. 39. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., R. Dole, Y. Xue, K. Onogi, D. Dee, M. Balmaseda, M. Bosilovich, S. Schubert, W. Large, 2010: Atmospheric reanalyses: A major resource for ocean product development and modeling. In Proc. "OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. and Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, in press. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2011: The New GEWEX. 23rd Conference on Climate Variability and Change, Special invited session on WCRP project and future plans. AMS, 23-27 January 2011, Seattle, Washington. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2011: Communicating climate science and thoughts on Climategate. "Joint Presidential Session on Communicating Climate Change," AMS, 23-27 January 2011, Seattle, Washington. [PDF]

OTHER ARTICLES

Karl, T., F. Bretherton, W. Easterlint, K. Ttenbertt and R. G. Quayle, 1995: Long-term climate monitoring of the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS). Earth System Monitor.

Karl, T., F. Bretherton, W. Easterling, K. Trenberth and R. G. Quayle, 1995: Long-term climate monitoring of the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS). GCOS Newsletter, May 1995, 4-6.

Trenberth, K. E., and C. J. Guillemot, 1995: Evaluation of the global atmospheric moisture budget as seen from analyses. Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modelling. Rep. 21. WMO/TD-No. 665. 2.28

Trenberth, K., and A. Clarke 1996: Editorial, Exchanges, 1, 1, 3-4.

Santer, B. D., K. E. Trenberth et al. (40 authors) 1996: Letter to Wall Street Journal on IPCC process. 25 June 1996.

Epstein, P, G. Grabherr, T. Karl, E. Mosley-Thompson, K. Trenberth and G. M. Woodwell, 1996. Current effects of climate change. An Ozone Action Round Table. 48 pp.

Clarke, A., and K. E. Trenberth 1996: News from the CLIVAR Scientific Steering Group. Exchanges, 1, 3, 1-2.

Trenberth, K. E., 1996: El Niño definition. Exchanges, 1, 3, 6-8.

Clarke, A., K. E. Trenberth and M. Coughlan 1996: CLIVAR: Climate variability and predictability. WCRP Newsletter No 1. 9-11.

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: Commentary on Rep. George Brown's article ``Environmental science under seige in the U.S. Congress''. Environment, 39, 4 (May), pp 5 and 40-41.

Trenberth K. E. and A. Clarke, 1997: Climate variability and predictability study (CLIVAR). Report to JSC, JSC-XVIII/Doc 13. March 1997.

Trenberth K. E. and A. Clarke, 1997: Farewell Mike- Welcome Lydia Exchanges, 2, 2, 2-3.

Trenberth, K. E., 1997: Atmospheric moisture residence times and cycling: Implications for how precipitation may change as climate changes. GEWEX News. August 7, 3, pp 1, 4-6, 16.

Clarke, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 1997: Implementing CLIVAR. WCRP Conference. 26-28 August, Geneva Switzerland.

Trenberth K. E. et al., 1997: CLIVAR-Implementation Strategy. WCRP Newsletter 2, 15-18.

Trenberth K. E., 1997: ENSO and Anthropogenic Climate Variations. The ENSO SIGNAL. 8, Sept 1997, 5-6.

Trenberth K. E., 1997: Blaming it on El Niño. Letter to editor on Krauthammer Viewpoint column, TIME, December 8, p 8.

Trenberth K. E. and A. Clarke, 1998: Preface, CLIVAR Initial Implementation Plan. WCRP 103, WMO/TD 869, ICPO 14, 1-2.

Clarke, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 1998: Changes at the WOCE and CLIVAR International Project Offices. WOCE Newsletter. Spring 1998.

Clarke, A., and K. E. Trenberth, 1998: New Director of the ICPO. Exchanges, 3, 1, 1-2.

Trenberth K. E. and M. Coughlan, 1998: The 1997-98 El Niño Event. Exchanges, 3, 1, 11-12.

Trenberth K. E., 1998: Development and forecasts of the 1997-98 El Niño: CLIVAR scientific issues, Exchanges, 3, 4-14. http://www.clivar.ucar.edu/.

Trenberth K. E., 1998: The different flavors of La Niña. La Niña summit. 15-17 July 1998, Boulder.

Trenberth K. E., 1999: Perspectives on Implementing CLIVAR. Exchanges,4, 2 (June 1999), 5-6.

Gould, J., and K. E. Trenberth, 1999: The WCRP Joint Scientific Committee - 20th Meeting (JSC XX). Exchanges, 4, 2 (June 1999), 7.

Trenberth K. E., and R. A. Clarke, 1999: Preface. Proc. Intl. CLIVAR Conf. UNESCO, Paris, 2-4 Dec 1998. WCRP-108, WMO/TD 954, ICPO 27. p iii.

Trenberth K. E., 2000: Millenium Perspectives. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., vol 81, 100.

Trenberth K. E., 2000: Conceptual framework for changes of rainfall and extremes of the hydrological cycle with climate change. Exchanges, 5, 1, 12-13.

Trenberth K. E., 2000: A perspective on the extreme events of 1997-98. The Climate Report. Maryam Golnaraghi (Ed.), Climate Risk Solutions, Inc. 1, 2, 2-8.

Trenberth, K. E., J. M. Caron and D. P. Stepaniak, 2000: The atmospheric energy budget and implications for surface fluxes. Exchanges, 5, No. 4, 4-6.

Trenberth K. E., 2000: Predictability of climate and the global water cycle. Proc. workshop of National Research Council Committee on Hydrological Sciences "Predictability and limit of prediction for hydrological systems''. Boulder, CO 21-22 Sept., 2000.

Trenberth K. E., 2001: The evolution of ENSO and global atmospheric temperatures. Proc. Sino-US Workshop on Climate change and modeling, 15-16 Jan, 2001, 28-29.

Trenberth K. E., 2001: How should precipitation change as climate changes: Prospects for increases in extremes. The Climate Report. Maryam Golnaraghi (Ed.), Climate Risk Solutions, Inc. 2, 1, 11-13.

Trenberth K. E., 2001: Book review of "Global Warming: The science of climate" by Francis Drake. Climatic Change, 50, 511-513.

Trenberth, K. E., 2001: The IPCC assessment of global warming 2001. THE FORUM FOR ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, SCIENCE, ENGINEERING and FINANCE (FAILSAFE) electronic journal spring (March) issue, http://www.felsef.org/spring01.htm#3, pp 8-26.

Wallace, J. M. and K. E. Trenberth, 2000: The Earth's surface temperature in the 20th Century: Coming to grips with satellite and surface-based records of temperature. Inter-American Institute (IAI) for Global Change Research Newsletter, 23, 44-48. (English and Spanish)

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2001: A new index of El Niño related to decadal variability. Exchanges, 6, 25-27.

Trenberth, K. E., and D. P. Stepaniak, 2001: A new index of El Niño related to decadal variability. Subtle Signals 1, http://www.decvar.org/newsletter/vol1.1/trenberth.html

Spence, T. W., and K. E. Trenberth, 2001: Climate Observing System. Paper prepared for the Presidential Climate Change Research Initiative.

Trenberth, K. E., D. P. Stepaniak and J. M. Caron, 2002: Accuracy of atmospheric energy budgets. WGNE report "Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modelling."

Trenberth, K. E., 2002: An uphill battle ? Denver Post, June 30th.

Trenberth, K. E., 2006: Evaluation of the atmospheric water cycle in ERA-40 using observationally-constrained land model results. GEWEX News, May 2006, 8-10. [PDF]

Forster, P., R. Somerville, N. Bindoff, J. Christensen, K. Denman, G. Hegerl, B. Hewitson, E. Jansen, P. Jones, P. Lemke, G. Meehl, J. Overpeck, V. Ramaswamy, D. Randall, T. Stocker, K. Trenberth, H. Le Treut, J. Willebrand, R. Wood, F. Zwiers, 2007: Climate with care. New Scientist. 24 March 2007, p 27.

Trenberth, K. E., 2008: An update on human-induced climate change: global warming: coming, ready or not. Diritto e Libertà (Right and Freedom) (Italian international politics magazine) www.dirittoeliberta.it. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2008: Models can be useful tools for planning ahead: A response to Thomas Chase: ‘A caution to policymakers: climate models fail key tests for accuracy’, Ogmius, 22,  summer 2008, pp 2-3. http://sciencepolicy.colorado.edu/ogmius/archives/issue_22/ogmius.pdf

Trenberth, K. E., 2009: Changes in the flow of energy through the Earth’s climate system. Physics and Society, 38, 2, 11-16. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2009: Precipitation in a changing climate – More floods and droughts in the future. GEWEX News, 19, May 2009, 8-10. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2010: Moving forward: Process for planning the future of GEWEX begins at 2nd Pan-GEWEX Meeting. GEWEX News, 20, November 2010, 10-13. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2011: Commentary: Challenges in GEWEX. GEWEX News, 21, November 2011, 2. [PDF]

Trenberth, K. E., 2012: Will the West Survive? Men's Journal, The Magazine. Article available at: http://www.mensjournal.com/magazine/print-view/will-the-west-survive-20121123

Trenberth, K. E., 2012: Super storm Sandy. The Scientist. Article available at: http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/33084/title/Opinion--Super-Storm-Sandy/

Corell, Bob, J. Masters and K. E. Trenberth, 2012: Commentary - Did climate change contribute to Sandy? Yes. Politico. Article available at: http://www.politico.com/news/stories/1112/83335.html

Trenberth, K. E., 2012: Eyes on the Atmosphere. John Hopkins University Center for Talented Youth: Imagine, Vol. 20, No. 3, ISSN: 1071-605X. [PDF] Available at: http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/imagine/20130102_GME/.

Trenberth, K. E., 2013: Commentary: The New Normal. GEWEX News, February 2013. [PDF]

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CGD People

Kevin Trenberth

CGD Distinguished Senior Scientist,
Chairman of GEWEX

Phone: 303.497.1318
Email: trenbert(at)ucar.edu